Todd Berliner's Hollywood Aesthetic: Pleasure in American Cinema (2017) offers useful broad theoretical arguments about how to understand our pleasures in viewing cinema. Yet, moving to individual cases requires recognizing the historical conditions of spectatorship including contemporaneous ideological issues, levels and types of knowledges, and cooperation (or non-cooperation) by a spectator.
Janet Staiger is the William P. Hobby Centennial Professor Emeritus in Communication and Professor Emeritus in Women's and Gender Studies at the University of Texas at Austin. She particularly attends to questions about situated and historical authorship, audiences and reception, and positionalities of gender and sexuality. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.