Improving and protecting human rights

A reflection of the quality of education for migrant and marginalized Roma children in Europe

in Regions and Cohesion
Restricted access

Abstract

Estimated at 12 million, the Roma population constitutes one of the largest and most disadvantaged ethnic minority groups in Europe and the most socially marginalized and stigmatized group in the European Union (Council of Europe, 2009, 2010). In recent years, following the two waves of EU expansion in 2004 and 2007, the problem of Roma integration into educational systems generated great attention among EU member states. The European Commission’s policy of promoting multilingualism and cultural diversity to foster European citizenship has led to promising results. However, the current economic crisis and lack of effective political integration within EU member states have promoted policies of protectionism. This article provides an analysis of the current situation of Roma children from Eastern Europe, highlighting the opportunities for improving instruction and protecting human rights for this highly vulnerable school-age population. We propose specific measures based on a bilingual and cross-culturally inclusive educational model.

Contributor Notes

SILVIA-MARIA CHIREAC, PhD, is Lecturer in the Department of Language and Literature Teaching at the University of Valencia (Spain). She received her master’s degree from the University of Barcelona and her doctoral degree from the University of Lleida on a scholarship awarded by the Government of Catalonia. Her research interests lie in the much broader areas of linguistics, bilingualism, and multilingualism, which include second language acquisition, bilingual and multi-lingual education. She is an active researcher with international academic profile, and she authored books, book chapters in prestigious publications, a wide range of peer-reviewed articles in journals, and conference proceedings.

ANNA DEVIS ARBONA, PhD, is Professor and Head of the Department of Language and Literature Teaching at the University of Valencia (Spain). She is working in topics such as intercultural education, bilingualism and plurilingualism, bilingual education, second language acquisition, psycholinguistics, and sociolinguistics. She has published prestigious articles about these topics in different scientific journals, and she has conducted a number of international research projects focused on intercultural education. She has been a visiting professor in different universities in Peru, Dominican Republic, and Ecuador, and she has presented many papers in international conferences across Europe.

Regions and Cohesion

Regiones y Cohesión / Régions et Cohésion

  • BhopalK. & MyersM. (2008). Insiders outsiders and others: Gypsies and identity. Hertfordshire: University of Hertfordshire Press.

  • BoikaR.BlackburnC.M.Spencer N.J. & RechelB. (2009). Access to health care for Roma children in Central and Eastern Europe: Findings from a qualitative study in Bulgaria. International Journal for Equity in Health 8(24). doi: 10.1186/1475-9276-8-24

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CahnC. & GuildE. (2010). Recent migration of Roma in Europe (2nd ed.). OSCE, High Commissioner on National Minorities and of the Council of EuropeCommissioner for Human Rights. Retrieved from www.osce.org/hcnm/78034.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ChopinI.FarkasL. & GermaineC. (2014). Policy report—Ethnic origin and disability data collection in Europe: Measuring inequality-combating discrimination. Open Society Foundations. Brussels: Open Society European Policy Institute.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Council of Europe. (2009). Education of Roma and travellers in Europe: Recommendation CM/Rec (2009)4 and explanatory memorandum. Strasbourg Cedex: Council of Europe Publishing.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Council of Europe. (2010). Making human rights for Roma a reality. Retrieved from www.coe.int/en/web/portal/roma.

  • Council of Europe. (2012). Human rights of Roma and travellers in Europe. Retrieved from www.coe.int/t/commissioner/source/prems/prems79611_GBR_CouvHuanRightsOfRoma_WEB.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CviklovaL. (2015). Direct and indirect racial discrimination of Roma people in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and the Russian Federation. Ethnic and Racial Studies 38(12) 21402155.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DottridgeM. (2006). Action to prevent child trafficking in South-Eastern Europe: A preliminary assessment. Geneva, Switzerland: UNICEF/Terre des Hommes.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DumitruS. (2005). Comunitatile de Romi din Romania: O harta a saraciei comunitare prin sondajul PROROMI [Roma social mapping: Targeting by a community poverty survey]. Bucarest: World Bank.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • European Commission. (2014). Report on the implementation of the EU framework for national Roma integration strategies. Belgium: European Union.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • European Roma Rights Center. (2005). Stigmata: Segregated schooling of Roma in Central and Eastern Europe a survey of patterns of segregated education of Roma in Bulgaria the Czech Republic Hungary Romania and Slovakia. Budapest. Retrieved from www.errc.org/db/00/04/m00000004.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fisher D.RoachV. & FreyN. (2002). Examining the general programmatic benefits of inclusive schools. International Journal of Inclusive Education 6(1) 6378.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FraserA. (1995). The Gypsies. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.

  • KádárA. (2009). Legislative review for the Hungarian Roma education policy note. Retrieved from http://ofi.hu/tudastar/esely-egyuttnevelesre/legislative-review-for KenrickD. (2000). Romany origins and migration patterns. International Journal of Frontier Missions 17(3) 3740.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KlausS. & MarshA. (2014). A special challenge for Europe: The inclusion of Roma children in early years education and care. European Early Childhood Education 22(3) 336346.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KoffH. (2012). Creating exclusion through integration strategies: gypsy policies in Western Union. Educazione Democratica41752.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KoserK. (2007). International migration: A very short introduction. UK: Oxford University Press.

  • National of Statistics Romania. (2007). Annual Report 2007. Bucharest: NIS

  • National Institute of Statistics Romania. (2013). Annual Report 2013. Bucharest: NIS.

  • National Statistical Institute. (2011). Education in the Republic of Bulgaria. Sofia: NSI.

  • Ofsted (2004). Special educational needs and disability: Towards inclusive schools. London: Office for Standards in Education.

  • RorkeB. (2013). Beyond first steps: What next for the UE framework for Roma Integration? Budapest: Open Society Institute.

  • San RománT. (1998). La diferència inquietant: Velles i noves estratègies culturals dels gitanos [Worrying difference: New and old gitanos’s cultural strategies]. Fundació Serevis de Cultura Popular. Barcelona: Alta Fulla.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SurduM. (2006). Desegregating Roma schools: A cost-benefit analysis. International Policy Fellowship Programme of the Open Society Institute: Budapest.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TomatováJ. (2004). Na vedľajšej koľaji: Je proces zaraďovania rómskych detí do špeciálnych základných škôl znevýhodňujúcim činiteľom? [Sidetracked: Is the process of placing Roma children in special primary schools a disadvantaging factor?]. Bratislava: Slovak Governance Institute.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • UNESCO (2003). Education in a multilingual world. UNESCO Education Position Paper. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001297/129728e.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • UNICEF (2011). The right of Roma children to education: Position paper. Geneva: UNICEF Regional Office for Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CEECIS).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). Retrieved from www.un.org/rights/50/decla.htm.

  • World Bank (2014). Promoting Roma inclusion in Eastern Europe. Closing the gap in education employment health and living conditions for Roma populations. Retrieved from www.worldbank.org/en/results/2014/04/10/promoting-roma-inclusion-in-eastern-europe.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 9 9 9
PDF Downloads 2 2 2