In 1952 Albert Camus wrote a caustic letter to Les Temps
Modernes in response to the journal’s negative review of The Rebel,
addressed, not to the author of the review, but to “M. Le Directeur,”
i.e. to Sartre. Sartre’s response published in the journal ended their
friendship. This article examines the deep cause of this rupture,
Camus’s political views moving rightward, Sartre’s moving left. I
examine Camus’s critique of Marx and Marxism, then ask the question,
“What is Marxism, Anyway?” I defend a version of Sartrean
“existential Marxism” as appropriate for our time.
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