L'humanisme et la question du langage

Sartre lecteur de Brice Parain

in Sartre Studies International
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  • 1 PhD Candidate, University of Tokyo, Japan and University of Paris (Sorbonne), France
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Abstract

In this paper we examine the dialogue between Sartre and one of his contemporaries, the philosopher of language, Brice Parain. First, after clarifying what is common and different in their backgrounds, we will see that Sartre and Parain share a common belief that language itself has taken ill, as a result of the First World War, an illness for which both feel a need to find a remedy. Secondly, we will show how Sartre's reading of Parain allowed him to construct a theory of language that is consistent with his own humanism and the principles of committed literature. Finally, we will examine the influence of the religious dimension of Parain's argument on Sartre's theory of authorship.

Résumé

Cet article examine un dialogue important mais peu étudié entre Sartre et le philosophe du langage Brice Parain. Les deux écrivains constatent un mal du langage, issu de la Grande Guerre de 1914-18 et de ses traumatismes que les mots proférés par les survivants sont incapables de prendre en charge. Dans ce monde « inhumain », où trouver un remède ? Pour Parain et Sartre le retour à n'importe quel humanisme implique une réflexion sur le langage. A travers sa lecture de Parain et ce qu'il propose, Sartre repense les bases de sa propre conception du langage d'une manière qui lui permet de développer son propre humanisme et les principes de la littérature engagée. Mais la dimension religieuse de l'argumentation de Parain, écartée par Sartre, laisse-t-elle des traces sur la conception sartrienne de l'auteur ?

Contributor Notes

Hiroaki Seki is a Ph. D. candidate at the University of Tokyo and at the University of Paris (Sorbonne). He is currently writing a dissertation on the notion of “Promised Land” in Sartre's work. His other research interests include the history of French literature. He is the author of several articles on Sartre, most recently, in collaboration with Nariaki Kobayashi: « The Discovery of the Other in Post-war Japan: Two Sartreans on Kyoto School and Zainichi Koreans » in Alfred Betchard and Juliane Werner (eds.), Sartre and the International Impact of Existentialism (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020), 285-307.

Sartre Studies International

An Interdisciplinary Journal of Existentialism and Contemporary Culture