This article investigates the representation of childhood
in ethnographic films among the indigenous peoples of the Russian
North. The article focuses on the documentary film Malen’kaia Katerina
(Tiny Katerina; Ivan Golovnev 2004), which depicts the childhood
of a Khanty girl in northwestern Siberia. The article employs
the concept of ethnocinema as a synthesis of scientific and aesthetic
approaches for perceiving and understanding traditional culture.
Based on field diary recordings, reflections on the anthropological
knowledge of childhood are represented via the audiovisual medium.
Particular attention is paid to the visual representation of
the world of childhood in traditional Khanty culture, including the
child’s relation to nature, the world of adults, games, and the development
of gender identity.