This article explores how the mobility of young people influences their sense of place in different parts of the Russian Arctic. In globalization studies increasing mobility has often been set in opposition to belonging to place, and interpreted as diminishing local connections and ties. Recent studies show that the role of mobility in shaping a sense of place is more complex. The Russian Arctic is often considered a remote, hard-to-access area, despite the fact that local residents have always been very mobile. We compare three case studies from across the Russian Arctic—namely, the Central Murmansk region, the Central Kolyma, and Eastern Taimyr—showing how mobility shapes differently young residents’ sense of place. These regions have a different population structure (urban / rural, polyethnic / monoethnic) and different transportation infrastructure, thus providing a good ground for comparing the relationships between mobility and a sense of place in the Russian Arctic.
Dr. Alla Bolotova is a research fellow at the European University at St. Petersburg. She holds a PhD in sociology from the University of Lapland, 2014. Her dissertation dealt with perceptions of the environment and practices of interaction with natural environments at the northern periphery of the Soviet Union/Russia, as well as concepts of nature characteristic for the official Soviet discourse (Bolotova 2014). Her current research interests are industrial communities, human-environment interaction and youth in the Arctic. She has published about 15 scientific articles and book chapters on these topics. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Anastasia Karaseva is a PhD candidate at the Anthropology Department at the European University at St. Petersburg, writing her thesis on the emergency imaginaries in the Russian North-East, and also works as a junior research fellow at the Arctic Social Studies Program there. She holds an MA in sociology (Russian State University for Humanities) and in anthropology (European University at St. Petersburg). Her research interests include Arctic social studies, security studies, anthropology of the contemporary, knowledge, infrastructure, crisis, risk, and emergency. She is a winner of the Russian Public Opinion Research Center prize for the best student research project (2007). She is a translator into Russian of the textbook What Is Anthropology? by T. H. Eriksen. E-mail: email@example.com
Valeria Vasilyeva is junior research fellow at the Arctic Social Studies Program, European University at St. Petersburg, and a PhD candidate at the Russian Academy of Sciences, Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera). Her research interests are transport and mobility studies, infrastructure studies, informal economy, and the Taimyr region. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Bolotova, Alla. 2014. Conquering Nature and Engaging with the Environment in the Russian Industrialised North. PhD diss., University of Lapland. https://lauda.ulapland.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/61790/Bolotova_Alla_ActaE_159pdfA.pdf (accessed 01.09.2017).)| false
Bolotova, Alla, and Florian M.Stammler. 2010. “How the North Became Home: Attachment to Place among Industrial Migrants in the Murmansk Region of Russia.” Pp. 193–220 in Migration in the Circumpolar North: Issue and Contexts, ed. C.Southcott and L.Huskey. Edmonton, AB: CCI Press.
Bolotova, Alla, and Florian M.Stammler. 2010. “How the North Became Home: Attachment to Place among Industrial Migrants in the Murmansk Region of Russia.” Pp. 193–220 in Migration in the Circumpolar North: Issue and Contexts, ed. C.Southcott and L.Huskey. Edmonton, AB: CCI Press.)| false
Heleniak, Timothy, and DimitryBogoyavlensky. 2015. “Arctic Populations and Migration.” Pp. 53–104 in Arctic Human Development Report: Regional Processes and Global Linkages, ed. Joan NymandLarsen and GailFondahl. Copenhagen: Nordisk Ministerråd.
Heleniak, Timothy, and DimitryBogoyavlensky. 2015. “Arctic Populations and Migration.” Pp. 53–104 in Arctic Human Development Report: Regional Processes and Global Linkages, ed. Joan NymandLarsen and GailFondahl. Copenhagen: Nordisk Ministerråd.)| false
Kaufmann, Vincent, ManfredMax Bergman, and DominiqueJoye. 2004. “Motility: Mobility as Capital.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research28 (4): 745–756, doi:10.1111/j.0309-1317.2004.00549.x
Kaufmann, Vincent, ManfredMax Bergman, and DominiqueJoye. 2004. “Motility: Mobility as Capital.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 28 (4): 745–756, doi:10.1111/j.0309-1317.2004.00549.x10.1111/j.0309-1317.2004.00549.x)| false
Konstantinov, Yulian. 2009. “Roadlessness and the Person: Modes of Travel in the Reindeer Herding Part of the Kola Peninsula.” Acta Borealia 26 (1): 27–49, doi:10.1080/0800383090295152410.1080/08003830902951524)| false
Lewicka, Maria. 2011. “Place Attachment: How Far Have We Come in the Last 40 Years?” Journal of Environmental Psychology 31 (3): 207–230, doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.10.00110.1016/j.jenvp.2010.10.001)| false
Nordlander, David. 2003. “Magadan and the Economic History of Dalstroi in the 1930s.” Pp. 105–125 in The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag, ed. Paul R.Gregory and ValeryLazarev. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press.
Nordlander, David. 2003. “Magadan and the Economic History of Dalstroi in the 1930s.” Pp. 105–125 in The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag, ed. Paul R.Gregory and ValeryLazarev. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press.)| false
Transport Murmanskoi oblasti. 2014. “V oblasti vyrosla obespechennost’ naseleniia legkovymi avtomobiliami”. Informatsionnyi portal Transport Murmanskoi oblasti. http://51transport.ru/v-oblasti-vyirosla-obespechennost-naseleniya-legkovyimi-avtomobilyami/ (accessed 19 April 2016).)| false
Ziker, John. 2007. “Subsistence and Food Sharing in Northern Siberia: Social and Nutritional Ecology of the Dolgan and the Nganasan.” Ecology of Food and Nutrition46 (5–6): 445–467, doi:10.1080/03670240701486743
Ziker, John. 2007. “Subsistence and Food Sharing in Northern Siberia: Social and Nutritional Ecology of the Dolgan and the Nganasan.” Ecology of Food and Nutrition 46 (5–6): 445–467, doi:10.1080/0367024070148674310.1080/03670240701486743)| false
The Arctic is one of Russia’s treasures. However, Arctic economic development means that business is invading lands that are sacred to indigenous peoples. As a rule, regional authorities are interested in tax revenues from subsoil users, prompting them to decide the culture-or-mining dilemma in favor of the latter. But this does not mean that the price of this encroachment on indigenous lands remains uncalculated. Since its establishment in 2010, Yakutia’s Ethnological Expertise Committee has developed a tool for assessing the damage caused to indigenous communities by subsoil users. The problem of getting businesses to compensate indigenous communities has yet to be solved. This article seeks answers to the problem of fair compensation methods and explores modes of partnership and cooperation on traditional lands.
Having devoted an entire issue of the journal (and some overflow into the
following one) to the current state of Yiddish, there was an obvious logic in
attempting to do the same for the state of Ladino. But whereas the sound of
Yiddish, albeit in a vulgarized form, is familiar, and access to texts and
scholars working in the field is relatively easy, Ladino presents an entirely
different set of problems. It has no obvious speakers to promote it today in
Anglo-Saxon countries, and the subject belongs more to the realm of
specialized studies. So the Editorial Board was delighted when Hilary
Pomeroy agreed to help us in suggesting possible contributors. Hilary
Pomeroy teaches courses on the culture and history of Sephardi Jewry in the
Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies, University College London, and
has chaired the British Conference on Judeo-Spanish Studies, an international
scholarly resource, since 1995. Once the list began to come together, it became
obvious that it needed particular expertise to edit the issue effectively, and
Hilary generously accepted the invitation to take on this task.
This article addresses the complex relationships between political discourses, demographic constellations, the affordances of new technologies, and linguistic practices in contemporary Germany. It focuses on political and personal responses to the increasingly multilingual nature of German society and the often-conflicting ways in which “the German language” figures in strategies promoting social integration and Germany's global position. In order to do this, the idea of “the German language” is contextualized in relation to both internal and external processes of contemporary social change. On the one hand, changes to the social order arising from the increasingly complex patterns of inward migration have led to conflicts between a persistent monolingual ideology and multilingual realities. On the other hand, changes in the global context and the explosive growth of new social media have resulted in both challenges and new opportunities for the German language in international communication. In this context, the article explores internal and external policy responses, for example, in relation to education and citizenship in Germany, and the embedding of German language campaigns in strategies promoting multilingualism; and impacts on individual linguistic practices and behaviors, such as the emergence of “multiethnolects” and online multilingualism.
Combining history, theology, and the cognitive study of religion, this article offers a new interpretation of the origins and purpose of the fourth-century Trinitarian theology known as Homoianism, suggesting that it aimed to create an “entry-level“ Christianity as a first step in gradually easing polytheists into Christianity. It highlights the polemical nature of Homoianism's characterization as “Arianism,“ and examines the beliefs of Homoianism's proponents, including those of Ulfila, the “apostle of the Goths.“ This article suggests that the Homoian view of the Trinity attempted to map non-Christian intuitions of divinity onto the Christian doctrine of God. It points to Homoianism's Western origins on the Roman Empire's strategically important Danubian frontier, arguing that a Homoian creed should be seen not only in the wider context of the “Arian Controversy,“ but also as part of attempts to ensure the peaceful Romanization of the Goths.