The Nenets people have various forms of worshipping
spirits in their sacred landscapes. The article examines the history,
definitions, and classifications of forms of worship of the Nenets
sacred places (khebidia ia). Cult structures (khekhe) include objects of
nature as well as effigies of various deities installed at sacred sites or
residential areas. Images of a master spirit carved in stone or wood
(siadei) mark tribal or general significant sites of worship. The main
activities carried out on these sacred sites relate to seasonal rituals of
the life cycle and to subsistence practices such as fishing and hunting.
The most important of them were sacrificial rituals.