Russia's Indigenous Peoples of the North

A Demographic Portrait at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century

in Sibirica
Dmitriy Bogoyavlenskiy

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This article describes and contextualizes the current demographic status of Russia's indigenous northern peoples, considering their demographic transition and making comparisons with other indigenous Arctic populations and the entire population of the Russian Federation. Census data, public documents from 1959 to 2004, and birth and death certificates from 1998 to 2004, collected by the author, provide the source data for this demographic portrait. Russia's indigenous northern peoples are in a critical demographic situation. Extremely high and persistent adult mortality rates raise doubt about the "moderately optimistic" estimates made in some recent ethnographic accounts by Russian scholars.

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Interdisciplinary Journal of Siberian Studies


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