Waves of Dispossession

The Conversion of Land and Labor in Bali’s Recent History

in Social Analysis
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  • 1 Bergen University College Anette.Fagertun@hib.no
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Abstract

In Bali, land and labor are increasingly defined in terms of the market and dispossession from land, and subsistence is understood as a ‘natural’ precursor of desired ‘development’. The rapidly expanding mass tourism industry today dominates the economy of the province, employs half the workforce, attracts global investors and work migrants, and unceasingly demands land and skilled labor. Three waves of dispossession, all tied to the uses of land and labor, have through ‘accumulation by dispossession’ been key moments of class formation in Bali’s recent history. While the two first waves (re)shaped both land and labor relations, the current wave dislocates and reorganizes labor, producing a moment of enclosure from below that is indicative of a new logic of expulsion.

Contributor Notes

Anette Fagertun holds a PhD in Social Anthropology from the University of Bergen. She currently works as an Associate Professor at Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Centre for Care Research and Department of Health and Social Sciences. Her research interests in Indonesia, Java, and Bali range from labor, economic development, and globalization to kinship, gender, and social inequality. She recently edited a 2017 issue of the Journal of Development Studies in which her articles “Localising Globalisation: Gendered Transformations of Work in Emergent Economies” and “Labour in Paradise: Gender, Class and Social Mobility in the Informal Tourism Economy of Urban Bali, Indonesia” appear.

Social Analysis

The International Journal of Anthropology

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