Injury and Measurement

Jacob Grimm on Blood Money and Concrete Quantification

in Social Analysis
View More View Less
  • 1 University of Vienna echterha@culture.hu-berlin.de
Restricted access

Abstract

The article takes a close look at Jacob Grimm’s astonishing account of measurement in his lesser-known studies on the history of law. Grimm gives a thorough description of concrete quantification of property and the measurement of economic value in a European rural setting. Both techniques are considered a necessary ‘infrastructure’ for any use of money, yet his exposition is curiously devoid of numbers. Instead, ‘poetic’ and procedural scripts of measurement take center stage. However, these qualitative procedures are not contrasted to quantitative ones in any expectable way. In Grimm’s polemic, precise quantification emerges as a shorthand for administrative regimes that circumvent and prohibit negotiation, appearing to be less rational and more socially binding.

Contributor Notes

Anna Echterhölter is a Professor of the History of Science at the University of Vienna. She has been a Research Assistant at Humboldt University and has held fellowships at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin and the German Historical Institute in Washington, DC. She is currently investigating the economy of weights and measures and the political metallurgy of copper. A founding member of the research journal ilinx, she is co-authoring, with Hendrik Blumentrath, Frederike Felcht, and Karin Harrasser, a book on rationing tokens titled Jenseits des Geldes: Aporien der Rationierung, to be published by Spector Books in 2018.

Social Analysis

The International Journal of Anthropology

  • Alder, Ken. 1998. “Making Things the Same: Representation, Tolerance and the End of the Ancien Régime in France.” Social Studies of Science 28 (4): 499545.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Algazi, Gadi. 1997. “Lords Ask, Peasants Answer: Making Traditions in Late-Medieval Village Assemblies.” In Between History and Histories: The Making of Silences and Commemorations, ed. Gerald Sider and Gavin Smith, 199229. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Anonymous. (1611) 2000. Wetterauer Wassergerichtsweisthum. In Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm: Werke, ed. Ludwig Erich Schmitt and Dieter Werkmüller. Abteilung I, vol. 21, part 3, 463470.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hildesheim: Olms. Anonymous. 1896. “Article: Hülle.” In Deutsches Wörterbuch von Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm, vol. 10. Leipzig: Hirzel.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Conway, Joe. 2012. “Making Beautiful Money: Currency Connoisseurship in the Nineteenth-Century United States.” Nineteenth-Century Contexts: An Interdisciplinary Journal 34 (5): 427443.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dalton, George. 1965. “Primitive Money.” American Anthropologist 67 (1): 4465.

  • Dilcher, Gerhard, and Rüdiger Kern. 1984. “Die juristische Germanistik des 19. Jahrhunderts und die Fachtradition der Deutschen Rechtsgeschichte.” Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, Germanistische Abteilung 101: 146.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dodd, Neigel. 2005. “Laundering ‘Money’: On the Need for Conceptual Clarity within the Sociology of Money.” Archives européennes de sociologie 46 (3): 387411.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dommann, Monika, Christoph Dejung, and Daniel Speich Chassé, eds. 2014. Auf der Suche nach der Ökonomie: Historische Annäherungen. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Einzig, Paul. 1948. “New Light on the Origin of Money.” Nature 162 (4130): 983985.

  • Emmius, Ubbo. (15961616) 1981. Friesische Geschichte (Rerum Frisicarum historiae libri 60). 6 vols. Trans. Erich von Reeken. Frankfurt: Wörner.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Engster, Frank. 2014. Das Geld als Maß, Mittel und Methode: Das Rechnen mit der Identität der Zeit. Berlin: Neofelis.

  • Fischer-Lichte, Erika. 2004. Ästhetik des Performativen. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.

  • Frängsmyr, Tore, J. L. Heilbron, and Robin E. Rider, eds. 1990. The Quantifying Spirit in the Eighteenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Girard, Paul. (1918) 2003. Manuel élémentaire de droit romain. Paris: Dalloz.

  • Gooday, Graeme. 2004. The Morals of Measurement: Accuracy, Irony, and Trust in Late Victorian Electrical Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Graeber, David. 2011. Debt: The First 5,000 Years. Brooklyn, NY: Melville House.

  • Grierson, Philip. 1978. “The Origins of Money.” Research in Economic Anthropology 1 (1): 135.

  • Grimm, Jacob. (1815a) 1991. “Über eine eigene altgermanische weise der mordsühne.” In Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm: Werke, ed. Ludwig Erich Schmitt, Abteilung I, vol. 6, Rezensionen und vermischte Aufsätze 1, 144152. Hildesheim: Olms.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Grimm, Jacob. (1815b) 1991. “Von der poesie im recht.” In Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm: Werke, ed. Ludwig Erich Schmitt, Abteilung I, vol. 6, Rezensionen und vermischte Aufsätze 1, 152191. Hildesheim: Olms.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Grimm, Jacob. (1828) 1992. Deutsche Rechtsalterthümer. In Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm: Werke, ed. Ludwig Erich Schmitt, Abteilung I, vols. 17 and 18. Hildesheim: Olms. Reprint of the 4th ed. dated 1899.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Grimm, Jacob. (18401878) 2000. Weisthümer. In Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm: Werke, Abteilung I, vols. 1925. From the edition of Jacob Grimm, Erich Dronke, and Heinrich Beyer, ed. and with an introduction by Dieter Werkmüller. Hildesheim: Olms.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gudeman, Stephen. 1986. Economics as Culture: Models and Metaphors of Livelihood. London: Routledge.

  • Guyer, Jane I. 2004. Marginal Gains: Monetary Transactions in Atlantic Africa. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

  • Guyer, Jane I. 2011. “Soft Currencies, Cash Economies, New Monies: Past and Present.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (7): 22142221.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hertel, Volker. 2005. “Thüringische Dorfordnungen und Weistümer im Gefüge ländlicher Kommunikation.” In Die ländliche Gemeinde im Spätmittelalter: Deidesheimer Gespräche zur Sprach- und Kulturgeschichte, ed. Albrecht Greule and Jörg Meier, 3758. Berlin: Weidler.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hocquet, Jean-Claude, Bernhard Garnier, and Denis Woronoff, eds. 1989. Introduction à la métrologie historique. Paris: Economica.

  • Hübner, Rudolf. 1895. Jacob Grimm und das deutsche Recht. Göttingen: Dieterich.

  • Kula, Witold. 1986. Measures and Men. Trans. Richard Szreter. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

  • Maye, Harun. 2010. “Was ist eine Kulturtechnik?Zeitschrift für Medien- und Kulturforschung 1 (1): 121135.

  • Menon, Minakshi. 2013. “Making Useful Knowledge: British Naturalists in Colonial India, 1784–1820.” PhD diss., University of California.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Michelet, Jules. (1837) 2009. Origines du droit français cherchées dans les symboles et formules du droit universel. Cergy: Pagala.

  • Oliver, Lisi. 2011. The Body Legal in Barbarian Law. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

  • Polanyi, Karl. 1977. “Money Objects and Money Uses.” In The Livelihood of Man, ed. Harry W. Pearson, 97121. London: Academic Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Porter, Theodore M. 1995. Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Renner, Kaspar. 2012. “Archäologie des Rechts: Zur Geschichte einer vergessenen Disziplin zwischen Jacob Grimm, Karl von Amira und Michel Foucault.” In Literatur der Archäologie: Materialität und Rhetorik im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert, ed. Jörn Lang and Jan Broch, 75105. Munich: Fink.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ross, Sandy. 2013. “What Is Ambiguous about Ambiguous Goods?Journal of Consumer Behaviour 13 (2): 140147.

  • Savigny, Friedrich Carl von. 1814. Vom Beruf unserer Zeit für Gesetzgebung und Rechtswissenschaft. Heidelberg: Mohr & Zimmer.

  • Schaffer, Simon. 1997. “Metrology, Metrication, and Victorian Values.” Victorian Science in Context, ed. Bernard Lightman, 438474. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schaffer, Simon. 2000. “Modernity and Metrology.” In Science and Power: The Historical Foundations of Research Policies in Europe, ed. Luca Guzzetti, 7191. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schaffer, Simon. 2015. “Les cérémonies de la mesure: Repenser l’histoire mondiale des sciences.” Annales: Histoire, Sciences Sociales 70 (2): 409435.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schabacher, Gabriele. 2013. “Medium Infrastruktur: Trajektorien soziotechnischer Netzwerke in der ANT.” Zeitschrift für Medien- und Kulturforschung 2: 129148.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schlaudt, Oliver. 2009. Messung als konkrete Handlung: Eine kritische Untersuchung über die Grundlagen der Bildung quantitativer Begriffe in den Naturwissenschaften. Heidelberg: Königshausen & Neumann.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schmidt-Wiegand, Ruth, ed. 1999. “Wörter und Sachen” als methodisches Prinzip und Forschungsrichtung. 2 vols. Hildesheim: Olms.

  • Schoof, Wilhelm, ed. 1953. Briefe der Brüder Grimm an Savigny. Berlin: Schmidt.

  • Scott, James C. 1998. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sibum, H. Otto. 1998. “Les gestes de la mesure: Joule, les pratiques de la brasserie et la science.” Annales: Histoire, Sciences Sociales 53 (4–5): 745774.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Steed, Emerson. 2015. “Coin Identification through Natural Frequency Analysis.” Brigham Young University. https://me363.byu.edu/sites/me363.byu.edu/files/Emerson_Steed_CoinIdentification.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stengel, Edmund, ed. 18861910. Private und amtliche Beziehungen der Brüder Grimm zu Hessen: Eine Sammlung von Briefen und Actenstücken als Festschrift zum hundertsten Geburtstag Wilhelm Grimms den 24. Februar 1886. 3 vols. Marburg: Elwert.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stolleis, Michael. 2001. Public Law in Germany 1800–1914. New York: Berghahn Books.

  • Testart, Alain, Pierre Le Roux, Bernhard Sellato, and Jacques Ivanoff, eds. 2004. Poids et mesures en Asie du Sud-Est: Systèmes métrologiques et sociétés. Vol. 1. Paris: École française d’Extrême-Orient.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Teuscher, Simon. 2007. Erzähltes Recht: Lokale Herrschaft, Verschriftlichung und Traditionsbildung im Spätmittelalter. Frankfurt: Campus.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Verran, Helen. 2010. “Number as Inventive Frontier in Knowing and Working Australia’s Water Resources.” Anthropological Theory 10 (1–2): 171178.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wallace-Hadrill, John M. 1959. “The Bloodfeud of the Franks.” Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 41: 459487.

  • Wedell, Moritz. 2004. “Vom Kerbholz zum Kalkül: Wortgeschichtliche Annäherung an die Kulturtechnik Zahl.” In Grenzfälle: Transformationen von Bild, Schrift und Zahl, ed. Pablo Schneider and Moritz Wedell, 65100. Weimar: VDG.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Werkmüller, Dieter. 1972. Über Aufkommen und Verbreitung der Weistümer: Nach der Sammlung von Jacob Grimm. Berlin: Schmidt.

  • Wise, M. Norton, ed. 1995. The Values of Precision. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

  • Wormald, Patrick. 2003. “The Leges Barbarorum: Law and Ethnicity in the Post-Roman West.” In Regna and Gentes: The Relationship between Late Antique and Early Medieval Peoples and Kingdoms in the Transformation of the Roman World, ed. Hans-Werner Goetz, Jörg Jarnut, and Walter Pohl, 2154. Leiden: Brill.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wray, L. Randall, ed. 2004. Credit and State Theories of Money: The Contributions of A. Mitchell Innes. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

  • Wyss, Ulrich. 1979. Die wilde Philologie: Jacob Grimm und der Historismus. Munich: Beck.

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 50 49 11
Full Text Views 12 12 0
PDF Downloads 7 7 0