Studies of political culture occupied a prominent position in the mainstream
of comparative political science during the 1950s and 1960s.
Both modernisation theorists, such as Gabriel Almond, and theorists
of the political system, such as David Easton, argued for the explanatory
power of the concept of political culture. Although they differed
concerning the appropriate definition of the concept, there was widespread
agreement that political culture should be taken seriously as an
independent, or at least an interdependent, variable in social scientific
explanations of political phenomena. Aflood of case studies of political
culture appeared, many of which have subsequently achieved the
rank of political science classics.