This article examines the question of justice in democratic constitutional
states from the standpoint of a theory of deliberative democracy.
Its aim is to show that the validity of a conception of justice and
the legitimacy of political institutions and public policies based upon
it can best be defended on the basis of a normative theory of deliberative
democracy. This theory, I shall argue, is superior to the two
main normative models of justification that appeal to the ideal of
neutrality (Rawls, Larmore, Nagel) or to the ideal of perfectionism