In an earlier paper, written in reaction to those who argued that the
African National Congress (ANC) had no alternative but to implement
neoliberal economic policies in the context of the ‘Washington
Consensus’, I discussed the strategic choices and ideological pitfalls
of the ‘political class’who took over state power in South Africa after
the end of apartheid and implemented its own homegrown structural
adjustment programme (Gibson 2001). Much of this transition has
been scripted by political science ‘transition literature’ and much of it
is proactive, mapping out what should be done to establish a ‘pacted’,
‘elite’ democracy overseeing neoliberal economic policies (O’Donnell,
Schmitter & Whitehead 1986). From another vantage point, I
argued that Frantz Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth is perhaps one
of the most perceptive critiques of the transition literature available.
This paper continues the discussion.