Arguments for the provision of foreign aid to help relieve the blight of
developing countries have traditionally centred on obligations of benevolence
and a duty to help those less fortunate.1 However, the War on
Terror has resulted in a significant shift in how foreign aid is perceived.
International prosperity and stability are now recognized as key elements
in a fight to ameliorate the conditions that give rise to terrorism.
Public support for foreign aid in general, normally unpopular, has
increased since 11 September 2001 due to greater public understanding
of its role in combating terrorism.2 In particular, the need to address
attitudes of foreign civilians toward the United States has become more
widely recognized as a key component of efforts to reduce the ferment
of the terrorist mindset. These strategies have assumed particular
importance in light of the non-traditional nature of the threat posed by
contemporary terrorism: a threat posed not by states or armies, but by
individuals and groups who blend into, garner both the implicit and
explicit support of, and are recruited from general civilian populations.