Claims of Need in Property Law and Politics

in Theoria
View More View Less
  • 1 University of Exeter
Restricted access

Abstract

Both courts of law and political theorists have grappled with the problem of giving the concept of ‘need’ a place in our reasoning about the rights and wrongs of property regimes. But in the U.K., legal changes in the last fifteen years have eroded the legal possibilities for striking some compromise between the claims of the needy and the rights of property owners. Against this backdrop this article compares three theoretical accounts of how the fact of human need should impact upon our thinking about property rights: the rights-based arguments of Jeremy Waldron, the radical democratic theory of Lawrence Hamilton and the anarchist commentary of Colin Ward. While ‘theories’ of need have paid much attention to the nature of need ‘itself’, the article argues that this comparison reveals another issue that is just as important: where and how should claims of need be registered in legal and political processes?

Contributor Notes

Patrick J. L. Cockburn studied philosophy and sociology at the University of Exeter and continental philosophy at the University of Dundee. In 2012 he received his Ph.D. at the Department for Culture and Society at Aarhus University, Denmark, where he is now part of the interdisciplinary project on ‘Contested Property Claims’, funded by The Carlsberg Foundation and The Danish Council for Independent Research. His research focuses on the role of rhetoric in public struggles over economic legitimacy.

Theoria

A Journal of Social and Political Theory

  • Alexander, G. 2012. ‘Pluralism and Property’, Fordham Law Review 80: 101752.

  • Anonymous. 2011. ‘Stop the Squatters: Criminalise This Unjust Behaviour’, The Telegraph (online), 6 March. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/telegraph-view/8363748/Stop-the-squatters-criminalise-this-unjust-behaviour.html (accessed 5 January 2015).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BBC News. 2013a. ‘Riot Police Storm Soho G8 Protest Squat’ (TV news broadcast), BBC News (online), 11 June. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-22859168 (accessed 11 February 2015).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BBC News. 2013b. ‘London’s Romanian “shanty town”’ (TV news broadcast) BBC News (online), 11 June. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-22855785 (accessed 11 February 2015).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chenwi, L. 2008. ‘Putting Flesh on the Skeleton: South African Judicial Enforcement of the Right to Adequate Housing of Those Subject to Evictions’, Human Rights Law Review 8: 10537.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cobb, N. and L. Fox. 2007. ‘Living Outside the System? The (Im)morality of Urban Squatting after the Land Registration Act 2002’, Legal Studies 27(2): 23660.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fox O’Mahony, L. 2014. ‘Property Outsiders and the Hidden Politics of Doctrinalism’, Current Legal Problems 67(1): 40945.

  • Fox O’Mahony, L. and D. O’Mahony. 2015. ‘Crime as Property: A Restorative Perspective on the Criminalisation of Squatting and the “Ownership” of Unlawful Occupation’, in L. Fox O’Mahony, D. O’Mahony and R. Hickey (eds), Moral Rhetoric and the Criminalisation of Squatting: Vulnerable Demons? Oxon: Routledge, 3863.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fox O’Mahony, L., D. O’Mahony and R. Hickey (eds). 2015. Moral Rhetoric and the Criminalisation of Squatting: Vulnerable Demons? Oxon: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fraser, I. 1998. Hegel and Marx: The Concept of Need. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

  • Hamilton, L. A. 2003. The Political Philosophy of Needs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Hamilton, L. A. 2006. ‘Human Needs, Land Reform, and the South African Constitution’, Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies 33(2): 13345.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HC Deb. 2010-12. 545 col. 1130 (online). http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm120523/debtext/120523-0001.htm#12052368001071 (accessed 11 February 2015).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jamieson, A. and B. Leach. 2011. ‘The Middle Class Serial Squatters Exploiting the Law’, The Telegraph (online), 6 March. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/law-and-order/8363406/The-middle-class-serial-squatters-exploiting-the-law.html (accessed 15 January 2015).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Johnson, W. 2012. ‘New Law Shuts Door on Squatters’, The Independent (online), 31 August. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/new-law-shuts-door-on-squatters-8098848.html (accessed 11 February 2015).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Manjikian, M. 2013. The Securitization of Property Squatting in Europe. New York: Routledge.

  • McDermott, N. and D. Wilkes. 2011. ‘Victory over the Squatters: Doctor and His Heavily Pregnant Wife Celebrate after Spongers are Ordered out of Their Home’, Mail Online, 7 September. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2034237/Victory-doctor-heavily-pregnant-wife-squatters-leave-home.html (accessed 10 January 2015).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Peñalver, E. and S. Katyal. 2010. Property Outlaws: How Squatters, Pirates, and Protesters Improve the Law of Ownership. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Penner, J. E. 1997. The Idea of Property in Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

  • Pierson, C. 2013. Just Property. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Reader, S. 2007. Needs and Moral Necessity. New York: Routledge.

  • Sen, A. 1984. Resources, Values and Development. Oxford: Blackwell.

  • Singer, J. W. 2000. Entitlement The Paradoxes of Property. New Haven: Yale University Press.

  • Southwark L.B.C. v. Williams (1971) CA 6170.

  • SQUASH. 2013. The Case against Section 144. Report, Squatters’ Action for Secure Homes. http://www.squashcampaign.org/repeal-law/the-case-against-section-144-2/ (accessed 11 February 2015).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tushnet, M. 1984. ‘An Essay on Rights’, Texas Law Review 62: 136395.

  • Underkuffler, L. 2010. ‘The Politics of Property and Need’, Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy 20: 36376.

  • van der Walt, A. J. 2009. Property in the Margins. Oxford: Hart Publishing.

  • Waldron, J. 1993. ‘Property, Justification and Need’, Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 7(2): 185215.

  • Waldron, J. 1997. ‘Rights and Needs: The Myth of Disjunction’, in A. Sarat and T. R. Kearns (eds), Legal Rights: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 87109.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Waldron, J. 2000. ‘Homelessness and Community’, University of Toronto Law Journal 50: 371406.

  • Waldron, J. 2009. ‘Community and Property – For Those Who Have Neither’, Theoretical Inquiries in Law 10: 16192.

  • Ward, C. 1973. Anarchy in Action. London: Allan and Unwin.

  • Ward, C. 1976. Housing: An Anarchist Approach. London: Freedom Press.

  • Ward, C. 2002. Cotters and Squatters: Housing’s Hidden History. Nottingham: Five Leaves Publications.

  • Wilson, S. 2011. ‘Planning for Inclusion in South Africa: the State’s Duty to Prevent Homelessness and the Potential of “Meaningful Engagement”’, Urban Forum 22: 26582.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 44 44 13
Full Text Views 5 5 0
PDF Downloads 1 1 0