Imagining Utopia in an Unfree World

Rick Turner on Morality, Inequality and Existentialism

in Theoria
Mary Ryan Virginia Tech

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This article employs Rick Turner’s Eye of the Needle, ‘What Is Political Philosophy?’, and ‘Black Consciousness and White Liberals’ as examples in the evolution of his existential attempts to proclaim and cultivate societal reform. Specific attention is paid to his interactions with moral ideology, intellectual inspirations like Sartre and Biko, and his dual ability to function utilising pragmatism alongside imagination. Ultimately, Turner’s philosophy remains salient today, given the political challenges arising in societies around the world, urging citizens to take a fresh look at his civic demands.

Contributor Notes

Mary Ryan is a doctoral student in the Alliance for Social, Political, Ethical, and Cultural Thought programme at Virginia Tech where she teaches in the Department of Political Science. Mary holds an M.A. in Public Service from Marquette University and is also a published poet, produced playwright and scriptwriter, and theatre director. E-mail:

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A Journal of Social and Political Theory

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