Spearheaded by pan-Africanists around the beginning of
the twentieth century, the pan-African movement hosted a series
of Pan-African congresses. Though the main objectives of the First
Pan-African Congresses were to fight against the colonisation of
Africa and the oppression of black people, the messages behind
pan-Africanism have evolved over time. The central theme behind
these Congresses, however, is to reiterate calls that African unity is
the most potent force in combating the malignant forces of neocolonialism
and entrenching Africa’s place in the global hierarchy.
These calls have clamoured for the solidarity of Africans both on
the continent and in the diaspora through associated paradigms
such as ‘Afrocentrism’, ‘postcolonialism’, ‘African indigenous
knowledge systems’ and ‘African solutions to African problems’.
Despite this, contemporary societies are characterised by the
encroachment of Westernisation, which has become synonymous
to globalisation. This article reassesses the relevance of the pan-
African discourse within the context of the contemporary world.