Whites Cannot Be Black

A Bikoist Challenge to Professor Xolela Mangcu

in Theoria
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  • 1 University of Pretoria keo.mbebe@gmail.com
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Abstract

Professor Xolela Mangcu argues in his article ‘Whites Can Be Black’ that Steve Biko’s philosophy of Black Consciousness would support the thesis that white people can become black. In this article I argue that this thesis is incongruent with the articulation of Black Consciousness in Biko’s book of collected writings, I Write What I Like. I show that, for Biko, Black Consciousness is possible only in the context of a non-white person’s experience of white racism that is not only a material experience but also a psychological experience based on the racist claim that there is a hierarchy of race. I contend that a correct analysis of Biko’s writings would show that white people self-identifying as Politically Black are acting from bad faith that results from a flight from the responsibility that accompanies their facticity.

Contributor Notes

Keolebogile Mbebe is a lecturer at the Department of Philosophy at the University of Pretoria. She is pursuing a PhD in philosophy at the same university. Her interests are in ethics, philosophy of race, and epistemology. E-mail: keo.mbebe@up.ac.za

Theoria

A Journal of Social and Political Theory

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