A Critique of Liberal Universalism

The Concept of Secular Philosophical Grounding

in Theoria
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  • 1 Emertec Research Organization jaan.islam@dal.ca
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Abstract

This article examines the two major orientations of cosmopolitanism and offers a philosophical and logical deconstruction of their roots. Firstly, ‘philosophical cosmopolitanism’ is critiqued based on its assumption of universal thought and reason. Secondly, the foundations and assumptions of ‘pluralist cosmopolitanism’ are deconstructed on the basis that it relies upon the abstract validity of philosophical cosmopolitanism. On basis of these evaluations, this article concludes that liberal cosmopolitanism – regardless of its form – bases its validity upon the moral validity of the premises of cosmopolitanism. The primary argument made is that contemporary cosmopolitan scholars, having stripped cosmopolitanism from their metaphysical origins, are unable to defend their philosophies from a metaphysical point of view. A call to reform and reconsider the fundamental tenets of liberal cosmopolitanism is made.

Contributor Notes

Jaan S. Islam is a research associate at the Emertec Research Organization based in Halifax, Canada. He has been active in research on topics ranging from political theory to international relations. His previous works include Reconstituting the Curriculum (with M. R. Islam and Gary Zatzman, Wiley, 2013), and ‘God, God’s Particle, God’s Wrath and Force of Nature: A Delinearized History of Mass, Energy and Time’ as well as works in comparative religion. Jaan Islam’s latest work is a book entitled True Islam, Jihad, and Terrorism: The Science of Islamic Foreign Policy (Nova Publishing, 2016). E-mail: jaan.islam@dal.ca

Theoria

A Journal of Social and Political Theory

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