The Temporality of and Competition between Infrastructures

Taxis and E-Hailing in China

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Jack Linzhou Xing PhD Student, History and Sociology of Technology and Science Program, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

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This article examines the competition between taxis and e-hailing from the perspective of the temporality of infrastructures, which refers to 1) decay and maintenance of infrastructures, 2) imaginations of infrastructures regarding old, new, past, and future, and 3) the (spatio)temporal experience of infrastructure supporters. I propose that taxis and e-hailing are simultaneously transport and livelihood infrastructures that facilitate passengers’ and drivers’ lives, and that they are maintained by the two parties. One reason that taxis are maintained in this competition lies in taxi drivers’ preference for taxis as a livelihood infrastructure. The article highlights infrastructure supporters’ labor and spatiotemporal experience, emphasizes the importance of the perspective of the decay and maintenance of infrastructures, and proposes a dialectic view of the infrastructure-related imaginations of old and new, especially in a context in which disruptive innovations in infrastructural technologies are continuously emerging.

Contributor Notes

Jack Linzhou Xing is a PhD student in the History and Sociology of Technology and Science program, Georgia Institute of Technology. His main research interests lie in the sociology of technology, science and technology studies (S&TS), and innovation studies, and he focuses on technology and work, digital automation, the platform economy, and innovation policies in China. His recent research addresses the impact of platform economy innovations in China and workers’ attitudes toward and values concerning technological innovation in the case of e-hailing (ridesharing). His work has been published in peer-reviewed journals such as Science and Public Policy and Research Policy. Email:

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