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“Must Be Clean, Safe and Discreet”

The Lexicon of Discretion in Men's Same-Sex Online Hook-Ups

Joseph De Lappe, Gavin Brown, and Cesare Di Feliciantonio

Abstract

On digital hook-up apps for same-sex attracted men, it is common to read requests for “discretion” from “discreet” men expecting others be the same. Such discretionary language is not new but has evolved and shifted as it became coded into the affordances of hook-up apps. We argue to be discreet is not necessarily to be “closeted” or to be a “MSM” (man who has sex with men). Drawing on our research of men who engage with online same-sex hook-ups, we consider the context of discretionary language used. We discuss how this illustrates the paradox of discretionary language, where requests for discretion typically imply the requester is seeking to act indiscreetly in some fashion.

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Navigating the Intersection

Refugee and Displaced Girls and Contemporary Feminism

Claudia Mitchell and Ann Smith

In the evolving discourse of contemporary feminism, a critical intersection at the nexus of girlhood studies and the experiences of refugee and displaced girls is evident. We are witnessing unprecedented levels of such displacement because of conflict and climate change among other causes of instability, and this brings the challenges and the triumphs of girls on the move into sharp focus in feminist advocacy and scholarship. This Special Issue, Girls on the Move: Girlhood and Forced Displacement, Migration, and (Re)settlement, guest edited by Rosemary Carleton and Nesa Bandarchian Rashti explores some of the intricacies of this intersection and the articles as a whole advocate for a nuanced feminist response centered on the rights, needs, and voices of refugee and displaced girls.

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Not With but Instead

A New Framework for Teaching Graphic Adaptations in Secondary Contexts

Robert Rozema

Abstract

Graphic adaptations of literary works originated in the Golden Age when Albert Kanter first produced comic versions of canonical texts in Classics Illustrated. By mid-century, these adaptations were so widely used in schools that Frederick Wertham disparaged their presence as ‘a serious indictment of American education’. Graphic adaptations remained in secondary schools throughout the twentieth century, but almost always in pedagogical purgatory: deemed less literary than their source texts, used to entice struggling readers, most often read alongside the original, and judged solely by fidelity to their source. These teaching practices linger today, even as graphic adaptations have proliferated and improved in craft, ingenuity, and ambition. This article proposes a new framework for teaching graphic adaptations, moving away from the fidelity standard and positioning them as independent comics.

Open access

Of Ice and Meteorites

Geologic Glitches and Temporal Viscosity in the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Alexis Rider

Abstract

This article engages with the natural phenomena of meteorite concentrations in Antarctica to explore how ice, particularly flowing, viscous ice, can offer alternative conceptions of change over non-human time. Drawing from historical research at the Smithsonian Institute as well as ethnographic experience in the High Arctic, I foreground glaciological understandings of ice as a monomineralic rock, one that indicates geologic time (rather than climatological crisis). In highlighting the rocky relationality between ice and meteorites, this article focuses on moments of capricious interruption into uniformitarian time: material instances where the geo-logics that underpin scientific conceptions of the non-human past were ‘glitched’. This article argues that the glitches the viscous ice makes visible can help reframe human and non-human time, and Geo-Anthropos relations; a crucial step to better understanding the momentum and meaning of the ‘Anthrop’/‘Capital-ocene’.

Resume

Cet article a pour objet le phénomène naturel des concentrations de météorites dans l'Antarctique et explore la manière dont la glace, et particulièrement la glace visqueuse et se délitant, peut offrir des conceptions alternatives sur le temps non humain. À partir d'une recherche historique au Smithsonian Institute et d'une expérience ethnographique dans le Haut Arctique, je propose une compréhension glaciologique de la glace comme un roc non monominéral, porteur d'indications sur le temps géologique (plutôt que sur la crise climatologique). En se concentrant sur la relationalité rocheuse entre la glace et les météorites, cet article attire l'attention sur ces moments d'interruption capricieuse du temps uniforme : les instances matérielles où les géo-logiques qui sous-tendent les conceptions scientifiques sur le passé non humain connaissent des « ratés ». Cet article défend l'idée que les ratés que la glace visqueuse rend visibles peuvent nous aider à recadrer le temps humain et non humain et les relations Géo-Anthropos ; une étape cruciale pour mieux comprendre le momentum et la signification de « l'anthropo’-capital-ocène ».

Open access

The Okjökull Memorial and Geohuman Relations

Cymene Howe and Dominic Boyer

Abstract

Focusing on the life and death of Okjökull, the first of Iceland's major glaciers to disappear because of anthropogenic climate change, this article discusses the complex relationships between cryospheres and human communities in Iceland. It asks how distinctions between non-living entities and living beings can offer insights to anthropology, and transdisciplinarily, as a model for recognising mutual precarities between the living and non-living world in the face of anthropogenic climate change. Detailing the authors’ ethnographic encounters with Ok mountain and Okjökull (glacier), the authors argue that by attending to non-living forms, and by registering their ‘passing’ or loss, we are able to document and better comprehend threshold events in the larger life of the planet.

Résumé

En se concentrant sur la vie et la mort d'Okjökull, le premier des principaux glaciers islandais à disparaître en raison des changements climatiques anthropogéniques, cet article discute les relations complexes entre la cryosphère et les communautés humaines en Islande. Il questionne la manière dont les distinctions entre entités non vivantes et êtres vivants peuvent offrir des perspectives à l'anthropologie et la transdisciplinarité en tant que modèle pour reconnaitre des précarités mutuelles entre monde vivant et non vivant en face du changement climatique anthropogénique. En détaillant la rencontre ethnographique entre les auteurs, la montagne Ok et l'Okjökull (le glacier), les auteurs défendent l'idée qu'en prenant acte des formes non vivantes et en marquant leur « disparition » ou leur perte, nous sommes en mesure de documenter et de mieux comprendre les événements de bascule dans la vie de notre planète.

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On Ayin or Mystical Nothingness in the Dialogical Encounter

Complementarity in the Thought of Martin Buber Today?

Jordan Jacobs

Abstract

In this article I suggest how a moderated form of pause or withdrawal may yield relational fruit in contexts of interpersonal encounter. Consequently, I posit that mystical nothingness – otherwise known as Ayin in Jewish mystical lore – offers a promising way forward, and indicate how it may be synonymous with Buberian concreteness and inclusion. In conclusion, I explore the Tsaddik as a metaphor that highlights not only the relevance of Ayin or nothingness interpersonally, but also its complementarity with the I and Thou encounter as envisaged by Martin Buber.

Open access

Opening the Black Box of Urban Development

Cultural Heritage Activism at the Amazon Megaproject in Cape Town

Steven Robins and Laurin Baumgardt

Abstract

This article focuses on efforts by indigenous activists to oppose a mega-development in the middle of the Two Rivers Urban Park (TRUP) at the River Club site in Observatory, Cape Town. In the article we argue that, even though the mega-development ultimately went ahead, intense contestation surrounding Khoi cultural heritage contributed towards opening up the ‘black box’ of urban development in Cape Town, as well as pressuring the developers to accommodate some of the demands of indigenous activists and environmentalists. We also examine why and on what terms it was even possible for a small group of indigenous activists to temporarily halt a mega-development driven by powerful actors, including Amazon, the City of Cape Town and private developers. Drawing inspiration from Bruno Latour's notion of the black box, we show how these anti-development activists were able to interrupt the construction process and create the conditions for opening up to public and legal scrutiny opaque urban development processes.

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Owning Bodies, Owning Lands

Property Formation in the Early Plantation Colonies

Allan Greer

Abstract

This article presents a broad and comparative examination of property formation in the French and English plantation colonies of the Caribbean and the southern North American mainland. It considers the connections between claims to exclusive control over human beings and claims to portions of the earth's surface. In the two early modern empires, planters pushed consistently and successfully to remove social, legal, and ecological constraints that limited their full control over their human and terrestrial property. Moreover, they insisted on legally fusing fields and workers, assimilating slaves to the category of real estate for purposes of inheritance and legal liability for debt. By the mid-eighteenth century, the French and British colonies had developed precociously modern capitalist property forms. In the Age of Revolutions, ideologues from plantation colonies, such as Thomas Jefferson and Michel-René Hilliard d'Auberteuil, emerged as radical advocates of absolute private property rights.

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Paperwork Selves and Arab Refugee Girls’ Experiences of Resettlement in Tennessee

Ida Fadzillah Leggett

Abstract

For refugees, the experience of displacement does not always end with resettlement. Multidisciplinary research with educators and refugee students at a Tennessee high school demonstrates how some school personnel prioritized the alienating concept of so-called paperwork selves when talking about their refugee students, highlighting exotic stereotypes of innocence, ignorance, and a lack of educational history. I focus here on educators’ perceptions of Arabic-speaking refugee girl students, and contrast these with the girls’ own words about their experiences and self-understanding. The girls’ narratives demonstrate their keen sense of identity as young women connected to real places, remembered histories, and imaginaries of a future as transnational young women with global possibilities.

Open access

Perspectives on Climate Change Impact on Intangible Cultural Heritage

The Case of Traditional Lamprey Fishing in Latvia

Sandis Laime, Kitija Balcare, Elīna Gailīte, Rita Grīnvalde, and Anita Vaivade

Abstract

Climate change is occurring worldwide, affecting everyday life and cultural traditions cherished for centuries. Intangible cultural heritage is vulnerable to climate change, as it depends on local resources and on the skills and knowledge of living in a certain environment. By studying the example of the lamprey fishing tradition in the village of Carnikava, Latvia, the article explores connections between climate change and intangible cultural heritage from the point of view of tradition-bearers, local community, local government, scientists and state institutions. This example shows that, when climate change equally affects both biological species and centuries-old fishing traditions specialised in harvesting these species, sustainable solutions are necessary to preserve both.