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Public Pedagogy of Hijabi Girlhood

An Analysis of #MyHijabStory Vlogs

Salsabel Almanssori


I use the narrative method, The Listening Guide, to investigate Hijabi girlhood on YouTube through the girl-created trend #MyHijabStory that emerged in response to public misunderstanding of Hijab. The voice analysis examines how gendered subjectivities of Hijabi girlhood are constructed among narratives of piety, culture, fashion, community, and marginalization. I identified three voices: the convicted voice; the conflicted voice; and the critical voice. The first two involve looking inward and realizing multifaceted stories of coming to Hijab while the third involves looking outward to trouble the social world in which Hijabi girlhood is constituted through dominant discourses. I illustrate that #MyHijabStory vlogs are forms of narrative resistance by girls who seek to produce a public pedagogy of Hijab that is complex and embodied.

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Relocating exploitation

Tenant shopkeepers, rental relationships, and the speculative commodification of urban space in South Korea

Yewon Andrea Lee


In light of recent trends toward “jobless growth” and increased wagelessness, a debate has arisen concerning whether there is an “outside” of capitalism. Surplus populations that are superfluous to the needs of the capitalist class can, it has been argued, constitute this “outside,” with some among them sustaining a living unscathed by capitalist exploitation. However, in my case study of tenant shopkeepers in South Korea, I demonstrate how supposedly superfluous livelihood activities are subsumed in exploitative capitalist relations when the urban commercial properties in which tenants make their livelihoods become high- return, speculative commodities. By identifying how and when exploitation can be activated well beyond the employment relationship, or even the “disguised” employment relationship, I call for extending the concept of exploitation to include these frontiers of capitalist extraction.

Open access


Corinne Fortier

Moctar Maghlah, Loves in Saharan Time. Anthology of Oral-Written Moorish Poetry Translated from Hassaniyya (Avignon: Wallada, 2020). xiv +165 pp. ISBN 978-2-904201-94-3

Moctar Maghlah, Les Amours au temps du Sahara. Anthologie de poésie maure orale-écrite traduite du hassaniyya (Avignon: Wallada, 2020). xiv +165 pp. ISBN 978-2-904201-94-3

Tatiana Benfoughal, The Palms of Skill: Basketry in the Saharan Oasis (Paris: Muséum d'histoire naturelle, 2022). 462 pp. ISBN 978-2-85653-980-4

Tatiana Benfoughal, Les palmes du savoir-faire: la vannerie dans les oasis du Sahara (Paris: Muséum d'histoire naturelle, 2022). 462 pp. ISBN 978-2-85653-980-4

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Returnees, Institutions, and Networks

Making Space for Technology Entrepreneurship in Beirut

William Benton


This article explores the development of Beirut's innovation ecosystem in the context of its social composition, complementing popular narratives of informal power in Lebanon. Drawing on ethnographic research, this article explores the extensions of existing institutions and practices—how universities, banks, and diaspora returnees collaboratively developed a context for venture development. By focusing on diaspora returnee expertise as a key driver for innovation ecosystem founding, the article also qualifies a key element of Lebanese economic development—the loops of emigration and return immigration of Lebanese people and the resulting economic and managerial cosmopolitanism inherent in their involvement in their country's commercial and financial settings. The emergent innovation ecosystem is a function of existing Lebanese cultural and organisational tendencies.

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Francesco Sticchi

Steffen Hven, Enacting the Worlds of Cinema (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022). ISBN: 978-0-19-755510-1. pp. 216. $75.

Open access

Sensing the Life of Material

Mammoth Ivory and Craftsmen's Work

Tatiana Argounova-Low


This article is devoted to the work of ivory carving artists in Sakha (Yakutia). It analyzes the ways craftsmen use, engage, and relate to mammoth ivory in their creative work. They start each carving project with consideration of the material, its quality and condition. Material often dictates the ways the creative idea develops and predetermines the outcome. Attention to the material is an important aspect of the relational engagement with it. Mammoth ivory, due to its structure, responds to climatic fluctuations, which is often described by artists as “breathing,” and it therefore demonstrates the qualities of an active material. For craftsmen, mammoth ivory is an agent and sentient material. The article contributes to the discussion of the importance of material in creative work.

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Serpents for Salvation?

There Is Room for Doubt

Sahotra Sarkar

Veronica Strang, Water Beings: From Nature Worship to the Environmental Crisis. London: Reaktion Books, 2023. 280 pp.; 126 color plates; 5 halftones. US$45.00.

Open access

Social Media and the Commodification of Attention/Inattention in the Changing Egyptian Belly Dance Industry

Margaret L. Morley


In 2018, Russian belly dancer Gohara catapulted to stardom after being charged with ‘inciting debauchery’ and nearly deported when a video of her Cairo disco performance went viral. Based on participant-observation of the belly dance industry in Egypt, this article employs ethnographic narratives to demonstrate that although attention is commodified across Egyptian belly dance venues, so is inattention and discretion. While foreign dancers like Gohara can often profit from any attention, for Egyptian dancers the social costs of attracting attention frequently make it undesirable, creating opportunities for exploitation and the commodification of inattention and discretion. As such, the growing dominance of the visually based economies of attention on social media is generating new challenges for Egyptian belly dancers trying to compete in a changing market.

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Spectacle of the Demonic Other

Transcoding Evil in American Horror Story: Apocalypse

Corina Wieser-Cox


The monster-as-queer trope in horror cinema historically implemented the binary of self-versus-other as heterosexual heroine versus queer monster/villain. With the rise of queer creators and spectators within horror, this trope was questioned so that the queer(ed) monster became multifaceted. From its birth, the horror anthology series American Horror Story has questioned this binary thinking, and the 2018 season Apocalypse exemplifies this best. Using camp, the show creates a queer basis that overthrows normative depictions of sexuality and queer bodies in television. In Apocalypse—in which the “normative” is represented as inherently queer—a subversive reimagining of typically “Othered” bodies overturns the regime of representation in horror cinema. By analyzing how the villain of Apocalypse, the Antichrist, is (re)presented with an ambiguously gendered body and sexuality, I argue that the toppling of heteropatriarchy challenges the position of the Othered villain/monster so that their “evil” is made ambiguous in contextualization with queer futurism.

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The Strange Case of Edward Sittler

Gary B. Ostrower


Edward V. Sittler, an American citizen, renounced his citizenship at the beginning of World War II and from Berlin broadcast Nazi propaganda to American and British troops. The article explores why he did this and the circumstances of his return to the United States in 1946. Sittler eventually taught at a number of colleges in the United States. His Nazi past may have cost him some of these jobs. He then went to court, unsuccessfully, to regain his American citizenship. In exploring Sittler's legal efforts, the article addresses issues related to the law of treason and of citizenship. It concludes with observations about the role of the American Association of University Professors in assessing Sittler's appeals following his resignation from C. W. Post College, and it offers observations about the relevance of Sittler's story to events in the twenty-first century.