You are looking at 51 - 60 of 16,390 items for

  • Refine by Access: All content x
  • Refine by Content Type: All x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

Property and Pa-Tree-Archy

A Cross-National Analysis of Gendered Rights and Forest Loss in Low- and Middle-Income Nations

Jamie M. Sommer, Rebekah Burroway, and John M. Shandra


Although previous studies have examined the causes of deforestation from a cross-national, quantitative perspective, these studies tend to neglect the role of women in mitigating forest loss. Yet, evidence from case studies shows that when women own land they tend to protect forests, replant trees, and engage in agricultural practices that place less pressure on forests. Building on this work, we use ordinary least squares regression models to analyze data on forest loss derived from satellite imagery for a sample of 67 low- and middle-income nations. The results suggest that improving gender equality in immovable property rights does help save trees. Furthermore, our analysis also suggests that men and women have different priorities when it comes to forest sustainability. Women's rights have a protective effect on forests, while men's rights have no statistically significant effect. Given the extent to which we rely on forests for health, environmental, and economic reasons, these findings imply that when women's rights are curtailed, the consequences extend beyond women themselves.

Open access

The proxy war in Ukraine

History, political economy, and representations

Chris Hann

Overwhelming empathy with all the civilians and conscripts who have suffered from the ongoing violence in Ukraine, which began years before the Russian invasion of February 2022, must be complemented by analysis and explanation. What can anthropologists contribute? I have been disappointed by one-sided accounts endorsing the government of President Volodymyr Zelensky and the cause of the Ukrainian nation that have dominated in the Western mass media and anglophone academic work, including that of anthropologists. From an anthropological perspective, to invoke international law and sacralize political sovereignty is inadequate (Hann 2023; Malinowski 1944). Instead, we need to scrutinize the complex history of the Ukrainian nation, which is being consummated through the present violence. We need to recognize that Zelensky heads an Atlanticist, market-oriented, nationalist regime of dubious legitimacy. This critical stance does not mean deference to the Kremlin in the spirit of the “realist school” of international relations. It does mean recalling that as late as autumn 2021 President Vladimir Putin was putting forward proposals for a peaceful resolution of the crisis brought about by Western geopolitical and economic ambitions since the end of the Cold War. For the Russian political classes (not just for Putin and his oligarchical allies), when it came to NATO expansion Ukraine was a unique red line. However, too many interest groups in Washington as well as in Kyiv actually wanted the war that began in February 2022 (though this could not be declared publicly).

Restricted access

Reflections on Co-Creativity in Early Modern Drama

Stylistic Adaptation and Practices of Collaboration

Matthias Bauer and Angelika Zirker


While co-authorship was common practice in early modern drama, poetological treatises remain silent about it. They speak about the poet but not about collaboration. It is, hence, one of the aims of this article to arrive at conceptualisations of co-authorship through immanent reflections of co-creativity and authorial interaction. In particular, we will show that stylistic practices form an essential part of such reflections, which also helps us dissociate style from the identification of individual authorship. Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet and Beaumont and Fletcher's Philaster, or Love Lies A-Bleeding have been chosen to show how juxtapositions and adaptations of style in both single-authored and co-authored works reveal practices of collaboration in early modern theatre. As a result of our investigation, elements of a poetics of collaborative playwriting will emerge.

Open access


Chris Hann

It is exciting to hear of numerous ethnographies of Ukraine and its inhabitants, both recently published and in the pipeline. One hopes that they remain free of the asymmetry discussed by Volodymyr Ishchenko, and that their authors will investigate all nooks and crannies, including those where the voices of Western “civil society” actors are not yet voluble. I am a committed practitioner of slow ethnography myself (especially in Hungary, hence my final section). But I also believe in lifelong learning and historically informed comparison.

Open access


Conceptualising Posthuman Religion

Michael W. Scott

Abstract: In this article I contribute to posthuman anthropology by developing two lines of thought. I first suggest that the post-Cartesian ontology integral to posthumanism accommodates a new scientifically informed version of negative theology. I then explore how this new negative theology implies a posthuman religion. By analysing Michel Serres’s reconceptualisation of religion as the opposite of negligence and engaging with efforts to build on this thought by Tim Ingold and Bruno Latour, I develop a theory of posthuman religion I call religence. With the innovation of this term, I bring posthuman religion into view and, to show how religence may be approached anthropologically, I draw on Anna Tsing’s ‘critical description’ of the interdependence between Tricholoma fungi and pine trees. Religence, I conclude, is best understood not as a single pervasive and unchanging mode of relating that can eliminate negligence, but as a plurality of provisional and shift ing religence–negligence complexes.

Résumé: Dans cet article, je contribue à l’anthropologie posthumaniste en développant deux axes de réflexion. Je suggère d’abord que l’ontologie postcartésienne, qui fait partie intégrante du posthumanisme, s’adapte à une nouvelle version scientifi quement informée de la théologie apophatique ou négative. En tant que forme de non-dualisme relationnel, l’ontologie posthumaine permet de conceptualiser un dieu incomplet et inconnaissable, néanmoins sous-entendu dans les performances de toutes choses. J’explore ensuite comment cette nouvelle théologie négative implique une religion posthumaine. Je dénoue les fils étymologiques de la reconceptualisation de la religion par Michel Serres, selon laquelle la religion est l’opposé de la négligence, et suis les efforts de Tim Ingold et Bruno Latour qui visent à construire sur cette pensée. C’est à partir de cela que je développe une théorie de la religion posthumaine que j’appelle la religence. Avec l’innovation de ce terme, je mets en lumière la religion posthumaine et, afin de montrer la façon par laquelle la religence peut être abordée de manière anthropologique, je m’appuie sur la « critical description » d’Anna Tsing de l’interdépendance entre les champignons Tricholoma et les pins. Je conclus que la religence doit être mieux comprise non pas comme un mode relationnel unique, omniprésent et immuable, capable d’éliminer la négligence, mais comme une pluralité de religions-négligences provisoires et changeantes.

Open access

Rethinking affects of care through power

An introduction

Heike Drotbohm and Hansjörg Dilger


This introduction outlines the contemporary emergence of new forms of informal crisis-related care, which both complement and contradict classical forms of humanitarian assistance. The introduction traces the spread, blurring, and differentiation of novel forms of non-state assistance and support against the backdrop of increasingly widespread criticism of large-scale international aid. Tackling regimes of care beyond the exceptionality of a crisis notion, the introduction then summarizes how the three contributions and the commentary to this theme section employ the lens of affect for exploring how these highly intersubjective forms of encounter are experienced, performed, and reflected on.

Restricted access

Review of How Did Moses Know He Was a Hebrew?

Elliott Karstadt

Jonathan Magonet et al., How Did Moses Know He Was a Hebrew? Hakodesh Press, 2021.

Restricted access

Review of Jewish Chaplaincy in the British Armed Forces: Captains of the Souls of Men 1892–2021

Amanda Golby

Jonathan Lewis, Jewish Chaplaincy in the British Armed Forces: Captains of the Souls of Men 1892–2021, Vallentine Mitchell, 2022.

Restricted access

Review of What Makes Me Angry: Howls of Rabbinic Rage . . . and Solutions

Nikki Scheiner

Jonathan Romain (editor), What Makes Me Angry: Howls of Rabbinic Rage . . . and Solutions, Movement for Reform Judaism, 2022.

Restricted access

Scorched Earth and the Nature of DMZ

David Havlick

Scorched Earth: Environmental Warfare as a Crime against Humanity and Nature, by Emmanuel Kreike (Princeton University Press, 2021)

Making Peace with Nature: Ecological Encounters Along the Korean DMZ, by Eleana J. Kim (Duke University Press, 2022)