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Feminist Conversations with Buber

Dialogic Encounters with ‘The Girls’ (Stories of Jewish Women in Brownsville, Brooklyn, 1940–1995)

Anastasia Christou

Abstract

This article conceptualises feminist conversations with Buberian dialogic philosophy while theorising intersubjectively intersectional dialogues with Carole Bell Ford's book, The Girls, drawing on stories of Jewish women in Brownsville, Brooklyn. The narrative extracts analysed grapple with some of the women's challenges of coming of age within migrant enclaves in the post-war period and these are deconstructed through a feminist and intersectional dialogic lens. In gendering Buber, the article also embraces the temporal and spatial configurations of dialogic migrancy in how it offers transversal, diachronic and synchronic contributions through the women's experiences of everyday life. The article also reflects on methodological innovations in how the combined approaches can offer deeper, more reflexive and nuanced understandings of intersubjective experiences concerning complex emotions, sensitive themes and challenging topics.

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Financing the Climate

How the Process of Financialization Changes the Relationship between CO2 Emissions and GDP per Capita

Patrick Trent Greiner, Julius Alexander McGee, and Ethan P. Gibbons

Abstract

Financial processes have changed how economic growth is carried out, yet little research has been done examining how financialization affects the well-established association between economic activity and emissions. We construct fixed effects regression analyses with robust standard errors for 172 nations between 1960 and 2014. In this article, we estimate financial processes’ moderation of the association between GDP per capita and CO2 emissions per capita, as well as whether or not such processes reduce the environmental intensity of manufacturing activities. We find that financialization decouples total GDP per capita from emissions per capita but fails to do so for growth from manufacture. Noting the absolute rise in manufacturing activity, we argue that the economic reorganization that financialization represents may obfuscate the ongoing pressure that economic growth places on the environment.

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Flowing with Reality (Musaiyyara)

Politics and Leadership of the Islamic Movement in Israel

Salwa Alinat Abed

Abstract

This article delves into the intricate relationship between the Islamic Movement and the authorities in Israel. It specifically examines the strategy of integrating the southern faction into Israeli politics in recent years and during the emergence of the democracy crisis in Israel. I term this strategy ‘the politics of musaiyyara’ (flowing with reality), a distinctive approach within the Israeli context. This approach utilizes the Knesset as a platform for forging new alliances with Zionist actors, sidestepping discussions on issues related to the Israeli occupation. The article relies on primary sources that convey the perspectives of the Islamic Movement, specifically its two leaders, Sheikh ʻAbd Allāh Nimr Darwīsh, representing the old generation, and MK Mansour Abbas, representing the newer generation within the movement.

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For Me, A Border

Lucy Hunt and Parwana Amiri

For me, a border is not passing

It is not to pass from one country

If you are not allowed

to take part in life.

     – Parwana Amiri

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From Loss to Oblivion

Emotional Remembrance of Arthur's Empire

Julián González De León Heiblum

Abstract

This explorative article conceptualizes the myth as a cultural locus where different concepts are ordered forming semantic networks and as a social narrative reflecting emotional predispositions toward the social significance of an episode in the past. The article analyzes the semantic network formed within the Arthurian myth by the concepts Britain and imperium. It identifies a persistent semilogical dynamic between both concepts but shifting emotional responses and temporalities: loss and longing among the Welsh (sixth century to eleventh century), fixing the memory in the past; joy among the English (twelfth century to fifteenth century), bringing the memory into the present; and anxiety and desire among Welsh and English (sixteenth century) projecting the memory to the future. During the seventeenth century, the semantic network left the Arthurian myth, which fell into a relative oblivion.

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Gaps of Kinship in the Yakut Heroic Epic Olonkho

A Brief Analysis and Implications for Translation

Alina A. Nakhodkina

Abstract

This research considers issues of interaction between language and culture; it studies the phenomenon of lacunarity in general, as well as identifying lexical gaps in olonkho texts and ways of eliminating them in translation. Here, we investigate the need for more in-depth study of the translation of works of art in which a culture-specific component has a high degree of presence; the importance of studying the lacuna phenomenon as one of the main factors influencing translation, and, in turn, the need to study to the misunderstanding of a text by a foreign reader. The problem of translating culturally related phenomena necessitates a description of their origins and development, and attention to notions of linguistic worldview and linguistic universals regarding culture-specific vocabulary, including lexical gaps.

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Gender, Ethnicity, and Individual Resistance

Arpenik Aleksanyan's Diaries of Stalinist Deportations

Ella Rossman

Abstract

In this article, I explore Sibirskiy dnevnik (henceforth Siberian Diary) of Arpenik Aleksanyan, a Soviet student of Armenian origin who, together with her family, was exiled to Siberia in one of the late Stalinist deportations of ethnic minorities. Arpenik's diary provides a unique perspective on forced displacement and exile through the eyes of a young woman. I treat the diary both as an historical source revealing gendered experiences of forced displacement and as autobiographical writing that provides a glimpse into late Stalinist girlhood and young women's subjectivity. I provide a reading of Siberian Diary that reveals Arpenik's seemingly contradictory integration of Stalinist ideologies of the so-called new woman and nationalities as a foundation for self-construction as well as individual resistance to persecution.

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Girl on the Move from Syria

A Visual Essay

Meghri Bakarian

Growing up in Aleppo, Syria, for the first twenty years of my life, I listened to my grandparents’ stories of their experiences and their survival of the Armenian Genocide (1915 to 1916) alongside the stories of my parents growing up as refugees in Syria. Approaching the 100th anniversary of the Genocide when I was 18, I did not ever expect to relive the suffering and challenges faced by my grandparents and parents let alone end up with the status of refugee. At the time of my graduation from high school, the war hit Syria. Everything that had been beautiful was annihilated or destroyed and happiness turned into profound suffering. In front of me was evidence of the terrible experiences that I had heard about only in the stories of my parents and grandparents. In addition to this, I saw my opportunity and my right to higher education vanish.

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Girls on the Move

Girlhood and Forced Displacement, Migration, and (Re)settlement

Rosemary R. Carlton and Nesa Bandarchian Rashti

As we write these words to introduce this Special Issue, scores of girls and young women around the world are facing a myriad of challenges as they are forced to flee their homes, leaving behind friends, family, communities, and being propelled into uncertain and very often precarious migratory journeys. Without a doubt, we live in deeply troubling times. While numbers provide a mere glimpse into the devastating humanitarian crisis of forced displacement, they are shocking. Forced displacement, migration, and (re)settlement following conflict, violence, human rights violations, persecution, disasters, and the impacts of climate change, both in nations and across borders, is an ever-escalating crisis affecting tens of millions of people worldwide. Acknowledging that these numbers are unprecedented, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2023a) reported that by the end of June 2023, over 110 million people were forcibly displaced worldwide and projected that this number would increase to 130 million by the end of 2024. This projected increase takes into account the mass displacement caused by the war between Israel and Hamas as well as ongoing and escalating conflicts in Sudan, Ukraine, and Afghanistan. While current headlines focus principally on the continuing crises in the Middle East and Ukraine, we cannot lose sight of the millions of forcibly displaced persons elsewhere in the world, including those in Eritrea, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, Syria, Türkiye, Myanmar, India, Venezuela, and Haiti. Recognizing regional diversity in the staggering numbers serves to underscore forced displacement as a transnational issue that requires urgent global attention.

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Girls Rule Art!

Exploring Forcibly Displaced Girls’ Engagement in Arts-Based Programs

Ashley Cureton

Abstract

Arts-based programs can provide space for forcibly displaced youth to process pre-migration and resettlement experiences creatively. While these programs can facilitate growth and healing, limited research addresses forcibly displaced girls’ perceived benefits of engaging in arts-based programs. Through in-depth interviews with 20 high school girls who resettled in a Midwest City in the United States, I explore this group's motivation to engage in arts-based activities like dance, drama, and theater. My findings suggest that participants engaged in arts-based programs to explore their artistic interests, connect with other girls with similar cultural identities, and manage feelings of homesickness and loss. I discuss how schools and community organizations can tailor arts-based programs to help forcibly displaced girls manage socio-emotional and educational needs.