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Open access

Vincent Rollet

English Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic represents a new significant test for the role of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in regional health governance in Southeast Asia. Assessing ASEAN’s role during the pandemic through the concepts of “actorness” and “effectiveness,” the article argues that while ASEAN displayed all the attributes of actorness during the COVID-19 pandemic when it comes to its effectiveness, the capacity of the regional institution to reach the objectives it committed to has been rather limited. Explaining the reasons for such “effectiveness–expectation gap” and, considering the last policy development in the region related to regional health coordination, the article identifies several conditions for ASEAN to strengthen its capacity to act effectively on regional health cooperation, and to contribute to the strengthening of a regional health response to a possible future epidemic threat.

Spanish Abstract: El COVID-19 representa una nueva e importante prueba para el papel de la ASEAN en la gobernanza sanitaria regional. Al evaluar su papel durante la pandemia a través de los conceptos de “actuación” y “eficacia”, el artículo sostiene que, si bien la ASEAN mostró todos los atributos de actoría durante la pandemia, en lo que respecta a su eficacia, su capacidad para alcanzar los objetivos a los que se comprometió ha sido limitada. Explicando las razones de esa “brecha entre eficacia y expectativas” y considerando el último desarrollo de políticas de coordinación sanitaria regional, el artículo identificó varios prerrequisitos como ineludibles en su búsqueda por reforzar la eficacia para garantizar la cooperación sanitaria regional en el Sudeste Asiático y mejorar la respuesta regional ante una próxima amenaza sanitaria.

French Abstract: La pandémie de COVID-19 représente un test significatif pour apprécier le rôle de l’Association des nations de l’Asie du Sud-Est (ASEAN) au sein de la gouvernance sanitaire régionale en Asie du Sud-Est. En évaluant le rôle de l’ASEAN pendant cette pandémie à travers les concepts d’actorness (capacité à agir) et d’effectiveness (efficacité), cet article montre que si l’ASEAN a exprimé sa capacité à agir pendant cette crise sanitaire, son efficacité, i.e son aptitude à atteindre les objectifs qu’elle s’est fixés, a été plutôt limitée. Les raisons d’un tel écart entre efficacité et attentes (effectiveness-expectations gap) sont expliquées dans l’article qui identifie plusieurs conditions pour que l’ASEAN contribue efficacement au renforcement d’une réponse sanitaire régionale indispensable face à une éventuelle prochaine menace épidémique.

Open access

Atoyac de Álvarez, Guerrero

Una mezcla de historia, tradición y deterioro ambiental

Esther Madrid Morales

Atoyac de Álvarez es un municipio ubicado en la región Costa Grande de Guerrero, México, y forma parte de la subcuenca hidrológica Número 19Af conocida como cuenca del río Atoyac. En la localidad del Ticuí, separada de la cabecera municipal por el cauce principal del río Atoyac, se encuentran vestigios de una interesante e imponente fábrica de hilados y tejidos que comenzó su producción en 1905 y representó un importante ícono económico para toda la región Costa Grande. Esta fábrica fue construida a las orillas del río con el objetivo de utilizar la corriente natural del mismo, en las turbinas hidroeléctricas empleadas en la manufactura de hilos y telas. En décadas anteriores, los traslados entre El Ticuí y Atoyac requerían el empleo de canoas. Hoy en día, ambas localidades se comunican por un puente peatonal y vehicular de concreto. Sobre el puente se puede apreciar a simple vista, tanto los vestigios de la fábrica de hilados y tejidos, como descargas municipales y particulares hacia el río, aunadas a la basura que tiran muchas de las personas que transitan por la zona.

Restricted access

Dov Waxman, Eitan Bar-Yosef, Adi Sherzer, Abraham Silberstein, and Csaba Nikolenyi

Nir Kedar, David Ben-Gurion and the Foundation of Israeli Democracy (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2021), 253 pp. Paperback, $35.00.

Naphtaly Shem-Tov, Israeli Theatre: Mizrahi Jews and Self-Representation (London: Routledge, 2021), 202 pp. Hardback, $128.00.

Mira Sucharov, Borders and Belonging: A Memoir (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021), 183 pp. Paperback, $44.99.

Lori Allen, A History of False Hope: Investigative Commissions in Palestine (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2020), 432 pp. Paperback, $30.00.

Yael S. Aronoff, Ilan Peleg, and Saliba Sarsar, eds. Continuity and Change in Political Culture: Israel and Beyond. (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2020), 257 pp. Hardcover, $105.00.

Open access

Community engagement, shared knowledge, and resilience

Implications for the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond

Harlan Koff and Carmen Maganda

As has become our tradition, we begin this new issue by wishing our readers a happy new year in 2022. This editors’ note introduces volume 12 of Regions & Cohesion, our second as an open access journal. Already we view 2022 as a promising new year. The COVID-19 pandemic is still with us, but we are showing signs of adaptation at different levels. The arrival of the Omicron variant has resulted in fewer fatalities than previous variants. New vaccines and alternative treatments are being developed, and despite numerous logistical, political, and ideological challenges, the percentage of the vaccinated global population is increasing (Shet et al., 2022). These developments, combined with promising research on neonatal immunity and children’s immune tolerance indicate that we are heading in the direction of increased resilience.

Open access

Doctos y legos

Percepciones sobre la Técnica del Insecto Estéril en México

Ana Laura Pacheco Soriano, Ariane Dor, and Dora Elia Ramos Muñoz

English Abstract: Our objective is to describe how a group of scientists (doctos) and people of the coast of Chiapas (legos) perceive the Sterile Insect Technique and to analyze how knowledge is socially constructed around it. During 2017 and 2018, with qualitative techniques, we analyzed the social dialogue in the discourses of interactions during workshops, meetings with different age groups, meeting with municipal and local authorities between two ejidos inhabitants, public services people, students and technicians of a biofactory. We describe a bricolage where common references help bring different ontologies, but legos and doctos face a future in which mosquitoes and nature impose challenges that only together they can solve. Here, we document the Sterile Insect Technique sociocultural complexity, and we propose cultural translation exercises for the integral management of mosquito vectors of diseases.

Spanish Abstract: El presente trabajo describe la manera en la que un grupo de científicos (doctos) y pobladores (legos) de la costa de Chiapas, México perciben la Técnica del Insecto Estéril (TIE). A partir de una metodología cualitativa, analizamos la construcción social del conocimiento sobre la TIE a través del tiempo. En 2017 y 2018 realizamos en dos ejidos rurales, el análisis del registro de talleres y pláticas entre científicos, diferentes grupos de la sociedad, personal de instituciones de salud, y técnicos de una Biofábrica en Tapachula, Chiapas. A partir de un diálogo social describimos las referencias comunes que acercan las ontologías de doctos y legos. Ambos grupos se enfrentan a los mosquitos y la naturaleza, un reto que solo juntos podrán resolver. Documentamos la complejidad sociocultural de la TIE y proponemos ejercicios de traducción cultural para proyectos que busquen incidir en enfermedades zoonóticas.

French Abstract: Notre objectif a été de décrire la façon dont un groupe de scientifiques (érudits) et d’habitants (laïcs) de la côte du Chiapas (Mexique) perçoivent la Technique de l’insecte stérile (TIS) et d’analyser comment ces connaissances sont socialement construites. Au cours des années 2017 et 2018, nous avons étudié, au moyen de techniques qualitatives, le dialogue social en enregistrant les interactions entre érudits et laïcs durant des ateliers et des discussions avec les autorités locales et municipales impliquant différents groupes d’âge, dans deux villages (ejidos) près de Tapachula (Etat du Chiapas). Nous décrivons un bricolage dans lequel des références communes aident à rapprocher différentes ontologies, mais les érudits et les laïcs sont confrontés à un avenir dans lequel les moustiques et la nature leur imposent des défi s qu’ils ne peuvent résoudre qu’ensemble. Nous contribuons à documenter la complexité socioculturelle de la TIS et proposons des exercices de traduction culturelle pour des projets qui cherchent à influencer les zoonoses.

Free access

Oded Haklai and Adia Mendelson-Maoz

We are appreciative of the supportive feedback we received on our inaugural issue as editors. The positive response to the roundtable on COVID-19 has been heartening, bolstering our commitment to bring forth scholarly forums and debates from multiple disciplines on the most pertinent issues facing Israeli society. We would like to encourage further involvement of our readers. Please send us ideas regarding themes for forums, roundtables, and special issues. Moreover, a short commentary section, in the form of “letters to the editors,” will be introduced in an upcoming issue. This new section will allow academic comments on articles that have been published and thus facilitate scholarly debate on current research.

Restricted access

From Multifaceted Resistance to Multidimensional Identities

Ultra-Orthodox Women Working toward Bachelor’s Degrees at a Secular Teacher Training College

Sigal Oppenhaim-Shachar and Michal Hisherik

This article is the product of a study, conducted over one academic year, that followed ultra-Orthodox women students working toward Bachelor’s degrees at a secular teacher training college with the goal of getting accredited to work at Education Ministry-supervised schools and thereby improving their employment prospects. It finds that a process that began as technical and instrumental emerged as one that, under certain conditions, could affect all of a student’s various identities. During the learning process, students faced contradictions between the realities conveyed to them in an unfamiliar academic language and their experiences in the ultra-Orthodox world. The clash produced a multifaceted resistance that testified to the degree of access the women had to power, support, and resources, and that in certain instances helped to forge multifaceted identities.

Restricted access

Umut Uzer

Ideational change in the self-characterization of a state is bound to have repercussions on its domestic and foreign policy behavior. Consequently, the gradual but radical change that has been ongoing in Turkey in the past two decades has had a wide-ranging impact on the way Turkish foreign policy has been conducted. Whereas survival and protection of territorial integrity as well as a Western orientation were traditionally the main concerns of Turkish policy-makers, under the rule of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) (since 2002), there has been a partial Islamization of Turkish foreign policy especially with regard to liaisons with Israel and Palestine. This shift can be explained by the replacement of the Western Turkish state identity with an Islamic conservative outlook.

Restricted access

Introducing a New Dataset

The Israeli Policy Agendas Project

Amnon Cavari, Maoz Rosenthal, and Ilana Shpaizman

This article introduces a new dataset to study Israeli politics. Taking an agenda-setting approach, the dataset includes longitudinal series of political outputs—legislative, executive, judicial, and public opinion—as a measure of policy attention in Israel from 1981 to 2019. Each item in each series is hand-coded using the coding scheme of the Comparative Agendas Project (CAP), providing a unified longitudinal overview of the Israeli political agenda. The dataset enables scholars interested in Israeli policy and politics, as well researchers from communication, economy, and law to study agenda dynamics within specific venues, between venues over time, and across countries. It also enables comparative studies that situate Israel among other countries and provides empirical evidence to assess whether, in what, and to what extent Israel is exceptional.

Restricted access

Israeli Theater for Youth

Performing History of Mizrahi Jews

Naphtaly Shem-Tov

This article examines Mizrahi theater artists who portray the little-known history of Middle Eastern Jews to Israeli youth, focusing on two productions: Palms and Dreams (1983) and Scapegoat (1987), both of which are based on well-known novels about the immigration of Iraqi Jews to Israel. In ‘performing history,’ these plays shape an assertive Mizrahi image and a Mizrahi historical narrative that contests the Orientalism of the Israeli education system. In addition, although both plays convey the Mizrahi narrative to a youth audience, compared to similar plays aimed at adults, they are conservative in their adherence to the conventional Zionist narrative.