Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 3,973 items for

  • Refine by Access: My content x
  • Refine by Content Type: All x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

The Ordering of Green Values

Ecological Justification in Public Fracking Controversies in Germany and Poland

Claudia Foltyn, Reiner Keller, and Matthias S. Klaes

Abstract

The article presents a comparative study of shale gas media debates in Germany and Poland. Drawing from the Sociology of Knowledge Approach to Discourse (SKAD), it addresses discursive conflicts over the use of hydraulic fracturing and its environmental impacts in both countries. The authors relate their analysis to the theoretical debate that emerged in the 1990s in French sociology concerning the question of “green justifications” that form a specific way of how social actors intervene, dispute, and build compromises in public discussions to protect non-human entities. Referring to these discussions, this article identifies several ecological justification clusters and the associated social actors that are ‘compromised’ or enclosed in existing orders of worth.

Open access

Affordability and relationality

The reproduction and transformation of the segregated city in Windhoek

Lalli Metsola

Abstract

 Despite the professed break from apartheid, a dual logic continues to reproduce the segregated city structure in Windhoek, Namibia's capital. On the one hand, the formal regulation of access to urban land, housing, and basic services privileges property ownership and ratepaying. On the other hand, for the informal residents, access is provisional and incremental, and depends on cultivating relations with peers and authorities. However, the latter logic of access also contributes to a moral imagination that challenges entitlement based on market participation. The article argues that everyday urban governance and urban citizenship in Windhoek arise out of the coexistence, clashes, and collusions between these logics in policies and planning, the residents’ claims of entitlement, and the communication between residents and authorities. The article is based on fieldwork conducted in 2016 and 2019.

Free access

Algorithmic Aesthetics

Bodies and Subjects in the Era of Big Data

Andrew J. Ball

Though the authors in this general issue of Screen Bodies engage with a wide array of media, they express a shared group of concerns. Namely, how recent technological advancements and the big data cultures of the Information Age are altering social norms concerning the body, the subject, and intimacy. The first two articles focus on increasingly data-oriented cultures that have given rise to aesthetics derived from quantification and mathematics. In “Qualities Over Quantities: Metric and Narrative Identities in Dataveillant Art Practice,” Amy Christmas examines the “surveillant aesthetic” present in three multimedia art projects—Hasan Elahi’s Tracking Transience (2002 to present), Jill Magid’s Composite (2005), and Heather Dewey-Hagborg’s Stranger Visions (2012–2013). Christmas argues that these artists explore new modes of subject constitution and constraint, and reveal the potential of “dataveillance” to bridge formerly disconnected processes of “quantitative (metric) and qualitative (narrative)” self-formation. Similarly taking up questions of aesthetics, the “quantified self,” and its relation to narrative, Kallie Strode examines the datafication of beauty in “Narrating (Sur)face: The Marquardt Mask and Interdisciplinary Beauty.” Strode reflects on the ethics of quantifying beauty and looks to the plastic surgery method patented by Stephen Marquardt, who has developed a model of facial beauty using the golden ratio. The Marquardt mask, she argues, exemplifies an algorithmic aesthetic that is being applied to the reformation of bodies. Along similar lines, in “Cyborgian Salariats” Stephanie Bender argues that the individual is subordinated and rationalized by modern technology. Bender examines how Sasha Stone’s photo essay “Hundred-Horsepower Office” presents an optimistic vision of a new kind of subject, the Weimar-era white-collar worker, a human-machine assemblage that combines the body and modern office technology.

Open access

Amaqaba nama Gqobhoka?

Working through Colonial Derision of Black Ontology

Siseko H. Kumalo

Abstract

Working through the two concepts of amaqaba nama gqobhoka, I outline ‘ontological derision’. I argue that ontological derision is rooted in intra-Black conflict that leads to interracial conflict, and propose ontological recognition as a resolution to the tensions that exist in the South African political landscape. To reach the postcolonial condition advanced by scholars like Mahmood Mamdani (2021), the modes of life that existed in South Africa prior to colonial imposition need to be recognised as legitimate and worthy of participation in the formation of the public sphere. I argue that recognising this ontology will inform the genuine formation of an inclusive national identity in South Africa. Such a proposal is rooted in the thinking of William Wellington Gqoba, who suggests that the more the two cultures understand each other, the less tensions will exist between them.

Full access

Jack Janes

Abstract

German-American relations have been impacted by the war in Ukraine for reasons that have to do with domestic and foreign policy challenges. Germany is struggling with its responsibilities to increased expectations in Washington and within the European Union. The responses in Berlin to the Russian invasion of Ukraine have resulted in tensions within Europe as Germany tries to shape its policies around what Chancellor Olaf Scholz has called the Zeitenwende (turning point) of German foreign policy. The u.s. has also signaled its expectations that Germany needs to be a partner in sharing the burden of confronting Russian threats in Ukraine and Europe. Another challenge for German-American relations is emerging around relations with China, which may generate friction across the Atlantic as the United States seeks to confront China on the global stage while Germany remains tightly connected to China as its largest trade partner. How and why Germany and the United States need each other is in transition.

Open access

Anatoly N. Sleptsov, Irina A. Sleptsova, Antonina A. Vinokurova, and Alina A. Nakhodkina

Abstract

This article deals with current issues regarding the protection of the traditional cultural expression and traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples of the Russian Arctic in the context of intellectual property rights. The relevant problem in terms of legal regulation is the collective nature of intellectual property rights for indigenous peoples, since we are talking about a society whose composition is constantly changing as some members are born and others die. Still, rights relating to cultural heritage belong to the people as bearers of their tradition. The collective nature of the intellectual property rights of indigenous peoples requires theoretical justification as a new phenomenon and a definition of the term, as well as special legal regulations and the development of mechanisms for the implementation of the right.

Open access

Beyond (and Before) the Transnational Turn

Recovering Civil Disobedience as Decolonizing Praxis

Erin Pineda

Abstract

Can civil disobedience be transnationalized? This question presumes civil disobedience to be a fundamentally domestic concept—one constitutively tied to both the nation-state and the normative underpinnings of liberal, constitutional democracies. This article shows how this assumption mistakes one version of civil disobedience's twentieth-century intellectual history for the whole of it, and risks reproducing binaries (domestic vs. international, democracies vs. non-democracies) that trouble attempts to theorize the transnational. Turning to an alternative intellectual history—a network of civil rights and anticolonial activists—reveals a novel theory of civil disobedience as decolonizing praxis, as well the stakes of these binaries: the disavowal of white supremacy as pervasive and durable global structure of governance, linking the domestic to the international, and democratic rule to domination.

Open access

Michael G. Peletz

Baudouin Dupret (2021), Positive Law from the Muslim World: Jurisprudence, History, Practices (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). ISBN: 978-1-108-84521-2.

Open access

Lesley Wood, Ronald Barnett, and Penny Welch

Budd L. Hall and Rajesh Tandon (2021), Socially Responsible Higher Education: International Perspectives on Knowledge Democracy. Rotterdam, NL: Brill, 303pp., ISBN: 978-90-04-45907-6

Anke Schwittay (2021), Creative Universities: Reimagining Education for Global Challenges and Alternative Futures. Bristol: Bristol University Press, 200pp., ISBN: 978-1529213652

Catherine Bovill (2020) Co-creating Learning and Teaching: Towards Relational Pedagogy in Higher Education. St. Albans: Critical Publishing, 96pp., ISBN: 9781913063818

Open access

Eduardo Hazera, Jan De Wolf, Cristiano Lanzano, Diana Mata-Codesal, Priya Bose, Daria Tukina, Thomas Bierschenk, Mattias Borg Rasmussen, Jesko Schmoller, and Bhargabi Das

Muecke, Stephen and Paddy Roe. 2020. The Children's Country: Creation of a Goolarabooloo Future in North-West Australia. New York: Rowman & Littlefield. 252 pp. Hb.: US$44.95. ISBN: 9781786616487.

Donzelli, Aurora. 2020. One or Two Words: Language and Politics in the Toraja Highlands of Indonesia. Singapore: NUS Press. xx +289 pp. Hb.: S$56.00. ISBN: 978-981-3251-14-4.

D'Angelo, Lorenzo. 2019. Diamanti. Pratiche e stereotipi dell'estrazione mineraria in Sierra Leone [Diamonds. Mineral Practices and Stereotypes in Sierra Leone]. Milan: Meltemi. 180 pp. Pb: €16.00. ISBN: 9788883539732.

Jackson, Michael D. 2020. Quandaries of Belonging: Notes on Home, from Abroad. London: Union Bridge Books. 187 pp. Kindle Edition: £23.75.

Sur, Malini. 2021. Jungle Passports: Fences, Mobility, and Citizenship at the Northeast India–Bangladesh Border. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. 227 pp. Pb.: US$24.00. ISBN: 978-0-8122-5279-8.

Montesi, Laura and Melania Calestani (eds.) 2021. Managing Chronicity in Unequal States: Ethnographic Perspectives on Caring. London: UCL Press. 272 pp. Hb.: £40.00. ISBN: 9781800080300.

Koch, Insa Lee. 2018. Personalizing the State. An Anthropology of Law, Politics and Welfare in Austerity Britain. 290 pp. Hb.: £70.00. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 9780198807513.

Stensrud, Astrid B. 2021. Watershed Politics and Climate Change in Peru. London: Pluto Press. 240 pp. Hb.: US$54.74. ISBN: 9780745340203.

Li, Darryl. 2020. The Universal Enemy. Jihad, Empire, and the Challenge of Solidarity. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. 384 pp. Pb.: US$30.00. ISBN: 9781503610873.

Roszko, Edyta. 2020. Fishers, Monks and Cadres: Navigating State, Religion and the South China Sea in Central Vietnam. Copenhagen: NIAS Press. 288 pp. Hb.: £65.00. ISBN: 9788776942861.