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Suzanne Graham and Victoria Graham

English abstract: Apart from Mauritius, five of the six African small island developing States (ASIDS) are relatively new to democracy with several only transitioning from one-party states to multiparty states in the early 1990s. Goals 13 and 14 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are priority goals for the ASIDS. Given that one of the key tests of a healthy democracy is the depth of civil society, this article seeks to examine the quality of political participation in the ASIDS in relation to these two priority SDGs. In so doing, this article considers conventional and nonconventional forms of participation and the potential impact these different avenues for a public “voice” might or might not have on the ASIDS’ government management of climate change and marine resources.

Spanish abstract: Excepto Mauritius, los otros cinco pequeños estados insulares africanos en desarrollo (ASIDS en inglés) recién incursionan en la democracia; algunos de ellos transitan de estados con un solo partido a estados múlti-partidistas a principios de los años noventa. Los objetivos 13 y 14 de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sustentable (ODS) son prioritarios para los ASIDS. Considerando que una prueba de democracia sana es una sociedad civil robusta, este artículo examina la calidad de la participación política en los ASIDS en relación con estos dos ODS. El artículo considera las formas convencionales y no convencionales de participación y el impacto potencial que estas distintas vías de “voz” pública pueda tener en el manejo del cambio climático y los recursos marinos de las ASIDS.

French abstract: A l’exception de l’île Maurice, cinq des six petits états îles en dévelopement (PEID) d’Afrique sont relativement nouveaux en matière de démocratie dans la mesure où certains ont uniquement transité du parti unique au multipartisme au début des années 90. Treize des quatorze ODD sont prioritaires pour les PEID. En partant du constat qu’une des preuves clefs d’une démocratie saine réside dans l’amplitude de la société civile, cet article cherche à examiner la qualité de la participation politique dans les PEID en relation avec deux ODD prioritaires. Ainsi, l’article considère des formes de participation conventionnelles et non conventionnelles ainsi que leur impact potentiel sur une expression publique en particulier, à savoir l’existence d’une gestion gouvernementale des PEID d’Afrique en matière de changement climatique et de ressources marines.

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The Relocation of Transcendence

Using Schutz to Conceptualize the Nature Experiences of Secular People

David Thurfjell, Cecilie Rubow, Atko Remmel, and Henrik Ohlsson

Denmark, Estonia, and Sweden are, if measured by certain sociological criteria, considered to be three of the world’s most secular countries. Nature—forests, pristine beaches, and the countryside—plays a specific role in the allegedly secular discourse of the mainstream populations of these nations. Not only is it almost without exception deemed as a positive asset worthy of protection, it is also thought of as holding certain existential qualities. Based on ethnographic fieldwork and interviews, this article suggests that Alfred Schutz’s conceptualization of transcendence—further developed by Thomas Luckmann—can be used to describe the existential experiences in nature of contemporary secular people. The article results in a suggestion for an operational definition of transcendence.

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Research in the Dark

Explorations into the Societal Effects of Light and Darkness

Nona Schulte-Römer

Edensor, Tim. 2017. From Light to Dark: Daylight, Illumination, and Gloom. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Bille, Mikkel. 2019. Homely Atmospheres and Lighting Technologies in Denmark: Living with Light. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.

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Ehsan Nouzari, Thomas Hartmann, and Tejo Spit

The underground provides many spatial planning opportunities as it offers space for structures, but also functions as a resource for energy. To guide developments and use the capabilities the underground provides, the Dutch national government started a policy process for the Structuurvisie Ondergrond (a master plan). Stakeholders are involved in the policy process because of the many interests linked to underground functions. However, past policy processes related to the underground dealt with lack of stakeholder satisfaction. This article explores a quantitative approach by focusing on (a) statistical testing of four criteria of interactive governance and (b) using said criteria to evaluate the satisfaction of stakeholders in a policy process. This article highlights the usefulness of a more quantitative approach and provides new insights into the relation between interactive governance and the procedural satisfaction of stakeholders. It also provides insights that help to improve interactive governance in terms of process management to achieve greater procedural satisfaction.

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Water Use and User Attitudes

Common-Pool Resources and Longitudinal Change in a Brazilian Community

John Marr Ditty and Maria Eugênia Totti

Common-pool resources (CPRs) are subtractable resources that are physically or institutionally available for many users. The present study sought primary participant observation and focus group data on a Brazilian CPR-dependent community. It analyzes this data through the lens of CPR theory to assess ongoing local natural resource management efforts against longitudinal changes related to large-scale state and private development projects. The findings indicate that real or perceived changes related to the resources, technology, human populations, and decision-making processes in the study area have disrupted social arrangements and resulted in natural resource degradation. The article argues that, in order to achieve sustainability objectives, CPR-guided policy formulation must consider the social embeddedness of community-based actors and resources within their wider historical and social contexts, as well as user attitudes and relations among shifting conditions on multiple scales.

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Agony and the Anthropos

Democracy and Boundaries in the Anthropocene

Amanda Machin

The Anthropocene diagnosis, in which humanity has become a disruptive geological force, indicates an irresolvable political paradox. The political demos is inevitably and necessarily bounded. The Anthropocene, however, heralds the anthropos—the globalized more-than-human identity. The anthropos challenges the maintenance of political boundaries, yet any robust response to ecological predicament must be underpinned by a decisive demos. This article, informed by theories of political agonism, suggests that this paradox importantly provokes ongoing political contestation of the inevitable yet contingent exclusions from politics and the proper place of political boundaries in the Anthropocene. The article concludes that the Anthropocene diagnosis provides an opportunity for a lively democratic politics in which the demos is always prompted to reimagine itself and asks, who are “we” in the Anthropocene?

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Gonzalo Hatch Kuri, José Joel Carrillo Rivera, and Rafael Huizar Álvarez

*Full article is in Spanish

English abstract: A binational hydrogeological evaluation of four US-Mexico transboundary aquifers was recently completed, including the San Pedro River aquifer. A thorough and critical review of the final report indicates close cooperation, but little seems to have been achieved on many scientific, technical, legal and political aspects, which are essential for the comprehensive assessment of transboundary groundwater. This article provides a critical analysis of the scientific and political implications of the evaluation of the aquifer from an interdisciplinary approach (political geography and hydrogeology). It concludes that for the prevention of the conflict and the strengthening of the incipient hydrogeological evaluation schemes, it is necessary to strengthen the conceptualization and systemic vision of groundwater functions, monitoring and the homologation and exchange of data for the cross-border management of the aquifer.

Spanish abstract: Recientemente, se concluyó la evaluación hidrogeológica binacional de cuatro acuíferos transfronterizos Estados Unidos-México, entre ellos el Acuífero Río San Pedro. Una revisión exhaustiva y crítica del reporte final indica un trabajo de cooperación cercana, no obstante, parece haberse logrado poco con respecto a los aspectos científicos y políticos, ambos imprescindibles en la evaluación de los acuíferos transfronterizos. Este artículo provee, desde un enfoque interdisciplinario (Geografía Política e Hidrogeología), un análisis crítico de las implicaciones científicas y políticas de los resultados de la evaluación del acuífero. Se concluye que, para prevenir el conflicto y fortalecer la evaluación hidrogeológica, es necesario robustecer la conceptualización y visión sistémica del agua subterránea, su monitoreo y la homologación e intercambio de datos para el manejo transfronterizo del acuífero.

French abstract: L’évaluation hydrogéologique binationale de quatre aquifères transfrontaliers États-Unis et le Mexique, dont l’aquifère de la Rivière San Pedro, a été récemment effectuée. Le rapport final révèle un travail de coopération qui n’a cependant pas permis de déclencher des retombées scientifiques, techniques, légales et politiques, éléments essentiels pour l’évaluation des aquifères transfrontaliers. L’article propose, à partir d’une approche interdisciplinaire (géographie politique et hydrogéologie), une analyse critique des implications scientifiques et politiques découlant des résultats de l’évaluation de l’aquifère. Il conclut que pour la prévention du conflit et le renforcement de l’évaluation hydrogéologique, il est nécessaire de renforcer la conceptualisation systémique des eaux souterraines, leur surveillance, l’homologation et l’échange de données pour favoriser la prise de décision en la matière.

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Health diplomacy

For whom? By whom? For what?

Annamarie Bindenagel Šehović

English abstract: This article explores the role of health diplomacy in promoting the right to health. It first looks at the historical trajectory of the right to health as it evolves and intersects with state and human and health security. Second, it analyzes the definitions and roles of health diplomacy. It argues that health diplomacy is undergoing a cycle of (re)invention and innovation, bringing in both new and traditional actors. Yet it points out a gap in the subject of health diplomacy, asking what is the right to health, and what does its definition mean for the (changing) role of health diplomacy? It concludes by offering initial insight into what health diplomacy might be in the nearer future.

Spanish abstract: Este artículo explora el papel de la diplomacia de salud en la promoción del derecho a la salud. En primer lugar, examina la trayectoria histórica del derecho a la salud, cómo evoluciona y se cruza con la seguridad estatal, humana y sanitaria. En segundo lugar, analiza las definiciones y funciones de la diplomacia de salud. Sostiene que la diplomacia de salud está atravesando un ciclo de (re)invención e innovación, atrayendo a actores nuevos y tradicionales. Sin embargo, señala una laguna en la diplomacia de salud, al preguntarse qué es el derecho a la salud, y qué significa su definición para el papel (cambiante) de la diplomacia de salud. Concluye ofreciendo una visión inicial de lo que podría ser la diplomacia de salud en un futuro próximo.

French abstract: Cet article explore le rôle de la diplomatie de la santé dans la promotion du droit à la santé. Il examine d’abord la trajectoire historique du droit à la santé, son évolution et son intersection avec la sécurité étatique, humaine et de la santé. Il analyse ensuite les défintions et les fonctions de la diplomatie de la santé. Il soutient que la diplomatie de la santé traverse un cycle de (ré)invention et d’innovation en attirant des acteurs nouveaux et traditionnels. Cependant il signale une lacune dans la diplomatie de la santé en posant la question de ce qu’est le droit à la santé, et de ce que sa définition signifie pour le rôle (changeant) de la diplomatie de la santé. Il conclut en proposant une vision preliminaire de ce que pourrait être la diplomatie de la santé dans un futur prôche.

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Health interregionalism in combating communicable diseases

EU cooperation with ASEAN and the African Union

Vincent Rollet

English abstract: This last decade, regional organizations progressively became unavoidable actors of regional health governance and have been supported by some global health actors to strengthen such a role. Among these actors, the European Union (EU) is the only regional organization that implements health initiatives in cooperation with its regional counterparts. This article focuses on such “health interregionalism” toward Southeast Asia and Africa and in the field of communicable diseases, with the main objective of assessing its nature and identifying its main functions. It concludes that although appreciated and needed, the EU’s health interregionalism should better reflect the EU’s experience in regional health governance in order to represent a unique instrument of development aid and an added value for regional organizations.

Spanish abstract: En el último decenio, las organizaciones regionales se han convertido progresivamente en actores inevitables de la gobernanza regional de la salud, recibiendo el apoyo de actores mundiales para fortalecer esa función. Entre éstos, la Unión Europea (UE) es la única organización regional que implementa iniciativas de salud en cooperación con sus contrapartes regionales. Este artículo se centra en este ““interregionalismo en salud”” hacia el sudeste asiático y África y en el ámbito de las enfermedades transmisibles, con el objetivo de evaluar su naturaleza e identificar sus principales funciones. Concluye que el interregionalismo en salud de la UE debería reflejar mejor su experiencia en materia de gobernanza regional de la salud, al representar un instrumento único de ayuda al desarrollo y un valor añadido para las organizaciones regionales.

French abstract: Au cours de la dernière décennie, les organisations régionales sont progressivement devenues des acteurs incontournables de la gouvernance régionale de la santé et ont été soutenues par certains acteurs mondiaux. Parmi ces acteurs, l’Union européenne (UE) est la seule organisation régionale qui mette en oeuvre des initiatives en matière de santé en coopération avec ses homologues régionaux. L’article se concentre sur cet «interrégionalisme en matière de santé» vers l’Asie du Sud-Est et l’Afrique dans le domaine des maladies transmissibles, afin d’évaluer sa nature et d’identifier ses principales fonctions. Il conclut que, bien qu’apprécié et nécessaire, l’interrégionalisme devrait mieux refléter l’expérience de l’UE en matière de gouvernance de santé régionale afin de représenter un instrument unique d’aide au développement et une valeur ajoutée pour les organisations régionales.

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Edith Kauffer and Carmen Maganda

English abstract: This note presents an account of transboundary basins on a global and regional scale throughout history. The authors introduce the special section on transboundary basins, presenting their constant increase and profound complexity. Regions & Cohesion has shown a permanent interest in this subject, from its first publications and, in particular, with the 2014 special issue that addressed different theoretical, methodological, and case studies in different continents. The three readings that make up this section address contemporary water border contexts and Mexico–U.S. policy where multi- and transdisciplinary challenges continue.

Spanish abstract: Esta nota presenta un recuento de las cuencas transfronterizas a escala global y regional a través de la historia. Las autoras introducen la sección especial de cuencas transfronterizas exponiendo su constante aumento y su profunda complejidad. La revista Regiones & Cohesión ha demostrado un interés permanente por este tema, desde sus primeras publicaciones y en particular con el número especial de 2014 que abordó distintas problemáticas teóricas, metodológicas y estudios de caso de cuencas transfronterizas en diferentes continentes. Las tres lecturas que componen esta sección abordan contextos contemporáneos de la frontera hídrica y política México-Estados Unidos donde el reto multi- y transdisciplinario continúa vigente.

French abstract: Cette présentation aborde les bassins versants transfrontaliers à l’échelle globale et régionale à travers l’histoire. Les auteures introduisent la section spéciale sur les bassins transfrontaliers en signalant leur constante augmentation et leur profonde complexité. La revue Regions & Cohesion a démontré un intérêt permanent pour ce thème depuis ses premières parutions en particulier avec la publication du numéro spécial de 2014 qui a evoqué diverses problématiques théoriques, méthodologiques et des études de cas dans différents continents. Les trois lectures qui composent cette section spéciale se centrent sur les contextes contemporains de la frontière hydrique et politique entre le Mexique et les États-Unis où le défímultidisciplinaire et pluridisciplinaire est toujours d’actualité.