Here you'll find a variety of information useful for for researchers interested in submitting their work to a Berghahn journal. Select a tab below to find out more.
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Here you will find some general guidelines for submitting a manuscript to Berghahn Journals, but please note that each journal has its own editorial office and its own manuscript submission guidelines. Go to the list of Berghahn Journals, select the one you wish to submit to, and click on the Info for Authors tab for details on how to submit your article. Please be sure to review the submission and style guide carefully before submitting. Any queries about submission should be directed to the journal’s editorial office.
Articles should not be under consideration for publication or previously published elsewhere.
Manuscripts accepted for publication that do not conform to the style guide may be rejected or returned to the author for amendment. The editors also reserve the right to alter usage to conform to the style guide issued by the publisher. Authors cannot supply new materials or request major alterations following the copyediting stage, so please ensure that all text is final upon acceptance.
Each Berghahn journal has its own editorial office and its own manuscript submission guidelines, so please be sure to review them for matters concerning article length, biographical information for authors, style guide, citation formatting, and other specific requirements.
The submission document should be a Microsoft Word or Rich Text Format (RTF) file and must be set at the US letter standard size. The entire document (including notes and references) should be double-spaced with 1-inch (2.5 cm) margins on all sides and no extra spaces between paragraphs. A 12-point standard font such as Times New Roman is required for all text, including headings, notes, and references. Any unusual characters or diacritics should be flagged by placing the entire word in red type.
Different levels of headings are indicated by varying the typeface. Use bold type for an A head (a main text heading). Use bold italics for a B head (a first-level subheading). Use non-bold italics for a C head.
Superscript note reference numbers and/or asterisks are not placed on article titles, headings, epigraphs, or contributors’ names.
Most journals request a cover page that provides the title of the article, complete contact information for each author (mailing address, phone number, and e-mail), biographical data of approximately 100 words for each author, a total word count, the number of tables and/or figures included, and any acknowledgments. Affiliations and e-mail addresses will be posted online for indexing/abstracting purposes. For details on how to best title your article, please see the section on Increasing Article Visibility.
Research articles must include an abstract and keywords (the length and number of which depend on the the journal’s manuscript submission guidelines). The abstract should not duplicate the text verbatim but rather include the research question or puzzle, identify the data, and give some indication of the findings. Keywords should be drawn from the content, listed in alphabetical order, and separated by commas; only proper nouns should be capitalized.
For more details on how to best write your abstract and choose your keywords, please see the section on Increasing Article Visibility.
Please submit all figures and tables in separate electronic files (clearly named and consecutively numbered) along with your article document. Figures and tables should never be imbedded within your article document.
We ask that tables and figures (drawings, photographs, charts, graphs, maps, etc.) meet certain standards before being submitted along with your article.
For optimal reproduction in print and online, figures or photographs (with no text or graphs) should be submitted as high-resolution JPEG or TIFF files. Charts, graphs, and line art created by authors are best submitted in the format in which they have been created so that the production team can adjust the text (for font and any grammatical/style guide inconsistencies) and create an EPS. Figures may be submitted in color for the online edition, but they must be fully legible in black and white for the print edition (e.g., hatch marks for lines in graphs, patterned fills for legends in maps). Options for printing in color are available for a fee to be covered by the author.
Tables must be submitted as separate, titled Word documents (not as spreadsheets).
Resolution & Size
Figures must be a minimum of 300 ppi and at least 4 x 4 inches in size. Ppi refers to the pixels per inch within an image. If a figure is less than 300 ppi, it will not be crisp and clear for print, and we will reject the image. You can check the dpi and size of a figure using the guidelines below.
Checking the ppi and size on a Mac:
- Open your figure using “Preview.”
- Click the “Tools” tab.
- Click “Adjust Size.”
- Under “Image Dimensions” you can find the size of your figure, as well as the ppi (pixels/inch).
Checking the ppi and size on a PC:
- Right click on your figure.
- Click on “Properties.”
- Click on the “Summary” tab.
- You can find the size (width and height) of your figure.
- You can also find the ppi by looking at the “Horizontal Resolution” and “Vertical Resolution.”
Once the figures and tables are ready for submission, please ensure your article specifies where each figure or table is to be placed. This can be done by simply inserting a “callout” within the document (“insert figure 1 about here”). Additionally, the figure or table caption and any source information should also be placed with the callout.
Source & Permission
When using a figure from a source other than the author, it needs to be designated within the article, usually in the form of source caption underneath the figure. Please include all source information in in-text callouts.
Before submitting a figure, explicit permission must be obtained by the author to use it in their scholarly article. The permission status must be clearly stated (used with permission of...) in the form of an e-mail, letter, contract, etc., and submitted to the publisher along with figures.
For more details on using third-party materials in your article, please see the following section.
When your article is accepted for publication, you must clear any required reproduction rights for any figures, photos, or text belonging to a third party, including any content found online, unless you can provide proof that no permission is indeed. Authors should request non-exclusive worldwide rights in all formats and media (print and online). Your journal's editor will require written correspondence attesting to the granting of permission.
Should a fee be required, please first check that the quality of the materials you would receive is acceptable to the journal. Please also note that contributors are responsible for clearing any fees related to the reproduction of any copyrighted materials.
Further information, including the preparation and technical requirements of these materials, can be found in the Artwork section of our manuscript guidelines.
If you're uncertain about the permissions necessary for third-party materials, below are resources that can offer advice on how to determine what permissions are required and how to understand when materials fall under the Fair Use Act or public domain. Please also feel free to contact your production editor.
- Getting Permission: How to License and Clear Copyrighted Materials Online and Off (4th ed.) by Richard Stim (Nolo Press, 2010)
- Library of Congress, Copyright Office: www.copyright.gov
- Stanford Copyright & Fair Use Center: fairuse.stanford.edu
Before submitting their articles, contributors can take a few simple steps in ensuring that their article will be better suited for search engine optimization (SEO) and indexing and abstracting services like Google Scholar. Having your article appear in search engine results will help your work be discovered, read, shared, and cited in other works.
Keep it short. We recommend titles stay within 100 characters (including spaces) in order for it to have the most impact online, both in search engine results and through sharing on social media platforms. Consider moving a phrase from your title to the first or second sentence of your abstract.
Key phrases. In addition to making the title descriptive and unambiguous, we recommend leading with relevant keywords or phrases, within the first 65 characters.
Essential findings and keywords. Place these within the first two sentences of your abstract, and repeat your keywords a few times throughout the abstract. The abstract should not duplicate the text verbatim but rather include the research question or puzzle, identify the data, and give some indication of the findings.
Choosing the right keywords. Relevant keywords (or phrases) should be chosen from the content of your article, keeping in mind your audience and the terms readers would use to search for the research found in your article. Keywords are important for search engine results as well as for abstracting and indexing services in tagging research content.
Look them up. Try searching Google Scholar to finds terms that are most common in your field of research. Consider searching for specific keywords on Google Trends and Google AdWords to find out popular search terms.
Use your keywords. In addition to repeating keywords and phrases in the abstract, use them throughout your article but keep it natural, as too much repetition could result in un-indexing.
- How do I submit my article?
Each Berghahn Journal has its own editorial office and its own manuscript submission guidelines. Go to the list of Berghahn Journals, select the one you wish to submit to, and click on the Info for Authors tab for details on how to submit your article. Please be sure to review the submission and style guide carefully before submitting.
- How do I contact the editor of the journal to which I would like to submit my article?
Each Berghahn Journal has its own editorial office. Go to the list of Berghahn Journals, select the one you wish to submit to, and click on the Info for Authors tab for details on how to contact the editorial office.
- How do I find guidelines or instructions for authors for my specific journal?
Each Berghahn Journal has its own manuscript submission guidelines. Go to the list of Berghahn Journals, select the one you wish to submit to, and click on the Info for Authors tab for the journal's manuscript submission and style guidelines.
- When will I know if my article has been accepted? What happens next?
Each Berghahn Journal has its own editorial procedures, and you should consult the individual journal's manuscript submission guidelines for more detail. In general, the journal's editorial office will contact you to let you know whether your article has been accepted and what will happen next.
- Will I receive a copy of the journal in which I published an article?
Authors of article-length contributions published in a Berghahn Journal will receive one complimentary copy of the issue and may purchase additional copies at a reduced. All authors of contributions published in a Berghahn Journal will receive a PDF of their article (or of the section in which their review appears) and online access to the entire issue. Berghahn also offers contributors who are not yet subscribed to the journal a 40% discount off the first year of subscription.