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Croyance

W. S. F. Pickering

From its historical root the word croyance refers to religious belief. It is associated with an assertion relating to a religious proposition. Such propositions (beliefs) have sometimes been gathered together to form a creed, as recited by Christians in public worship, or which can be held to be a test of orthodoxy (see Ruel 1982).

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Does Durkheim Make a Contribution to Understanding One Alleged Cause of Persecution?

W. S. F. Pickering

Prolegomena Four caveats have to be entered at the outset. The first is that the term persecution is hard to define in a way that covers phenomena which some scholars would want to include, especially in the light of recent historical events. One calls to mind words commonly associated with phenomena of the past - martyrdom, massacre, torture, jihad. But in modern times further terms are crying for inclusion in a definition of persecution - the Holocaust, ethnic cleansing, genocide, communal violence, physical abuse, the violation of human rights. The task of trying to find a definition of persecution which would cover these and other terms is complex and demanding. It raises such difficult issues that some might want to argue that the diverse nature of phenomena that could be included under the concept of persecution makes the task of definition impossible. Indeed, the word persecution, some might go so far as to assert, is best abandoned as a workable concept. Since these issues are so large, they have to receive special attention which is beyond the scope of this paper.

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Archives

W. S. F. Pickering

The Centre very much appreciates the donation of Mrs Margaret M. Jeffrey of English translations by her late husband, Professor William Jeffrey, Jr, of works written by Durkheim and his group, especially Mauss and Fauconnet. Professor Jeffrey was professor of Law at the University of Cincinnati for many years. It was while he was studying law at the University of Chicago that he came under the influence of teachers in sociology.

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A Lost Lecture on Religion

W. S. F. Pickering and William Watts Miller

The Ecole des Hautes Etudes Sociales organized a course of lectures during the academic session 1912-13 entitled Le problème religieux dans la pensée contemporaine. The opening lecture, with the same title, was given by Dominique Parodi. Not long after the end of the course it was published in the July issue of the Revue de métaphysique et de morale, and a footnote lists the surnames of those who had also given lectures (Parodi 1913:511). Spelt out and grouped according to generation, the course's four senior contributors, in their sixties or mid- to late-fifties, were Emile Boutroux (b.1845), Emile Boirac (b.1851), Alfred Loisy (b.1857) and Emile Durkheim (b.1858). The nine younger contributors, all in their forties, were Georges Dumas (b.1866), Georges Dwelshauvers (b.1866), Wilfred Monod (b.1867), Léon Brunschvicg (b.1869), Félix Le Dantec (b.1869), Edouard Le Roy (b.1870), Dominique Parodi (b.1870) and Henri Delacroix (b.1873).

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Acknowledgment

W. S. F. Pickering and William Watts Miller

Jacqueline Redding has acted as the journal’s translation consultant ever since Durkheimian Studies / Etudes durkheimiennes published its first volume in a new series in 1995. She was formerly a lecturer in French in the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, and has given the editors great assistance in proof-reading texts in French, in checking up on and evaluating translations into English, and in taking part in debates about translating French words, such as délire, in vol. 5.

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A Lost Lecture on Honour

W. S. F. Pickering and William Watts Miller

A few weeks before Durkheim was recommended for the chair as mentioned above, he was billed to give a lecture entitled ‘Du Sentiment de l’honneur’ on 8 May 1906.1 It was one in a series of public evening lectures in Paris, organised by the Ecole de la Paix. The Ecole, was a private institution founded in 1905 by Horace Thivet, with the object of spreading pacifism. Among the advertised lecturers in the weekly series were Gustav Belot on ‘La Liberté’ and M. Izoulet on ‘L’Elite et la foule’. F. Buisson and D. Parodi also gave lectures in other years. The Ecole appears to have dissolved in 1912.

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Personal Recollections of Durkheim, Mauss, the Family and Others

Claudette Kennedy, W. S. F. Pickering, and Nick Allen

The late Mrs Claudette Kennedy was a niece of Mauss and a great niece of Durkheim. On 1 September 1992, Bill Pickering (WP) and Nick Allen (NA) – of the then recently formed British Centre for Durkheimian Studies at the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Oxford University – met Claudette Kennedy (CK) in her house in Oxford and recorded a conversation with her. She had certain firm memories of Emile Durkheim, her great uncle, but more of Marcel Mauss. In all probability, she was the only person then alive with such memories, especially those of Durkheim. Pierre Mauss might have had recollections of Marcel Mauss but his memory was said to be failing.

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Books Reviews

William Watts Miller, W. S. F. Pickering, and Nick Allen

Jacques Coenen-Huther. Comprendre Durkheim, Paris: Armand Colin, 2010, 220 pp.

I. Strenski (ed.) Émile Durkheim, Farnham: Ashgate, 2010, 550 pp. R. Cotterrell (ed.) Émile Durkheim: Justice, Morality and Politics, Farnham: Ashgate, 2010, 475 pp.

Mélèze. Marcel Mauss et son frère Henri, Lille: The Book Edition, 2010, 187 pp.

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Book Reviews

Robert Parkin, W. S. F. Pickering, and Simonetta Falasca-Zamponi

Robert Hertz. OEuvres publiées: édition critique, ed. Cyril Isnart, Paris: Classiques Garniers, 2014, 466 pp. Review by Robert Parkin

Matthieu Béra. Emile Durkheim à Bordeaux (1887–1902), Bordeaux: Éditions Confluences, 2014, 135 pp. Review by W. S. F. Pickering

Alexander Riley, The Social Thought of Émile Durkheim, Los Angeles and London: Sage, 2015, xi + 263 pp. Review by W. S. F. Pickering

Sondra Hausner (ed.), Durkheim in Dialogue: A Centenary Celebration of The Elementary Forms of Religious Life, New York and Oxford: Berghahn, 2013, 267 pp. Review by Simonetta Falasca-Zamponi

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Book Reviews

Philip A. Mellor, Jonathan Fish, Geoffrey Walford, and W. S. F. Pickering

W.S.F. Pickering and Massimo Rosati (eds.). Suffering and Evil: The Durkheimian Legacy, New York and Oxford: Durkheim Press/Berghahn Books, 2008, 195 pp.

William Ramp (ed.), ‘Durkheim’, Special Issue, Journal of Classical Sociology, vol. 8, no. 2, London: Sage, 2008, 174 pp.

Mohamed Cherkaoui, Durkheim and the Puzzle of Social Complexity, Oxford: Bardwell Press, 2008, 217 pp.

Frédéric Keck and Mélanie Plouviez, Le vocabulaire d’Emile Durkheim, Paris: Ellipses, 2008, 96 pp.