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Michael Boyden, Ali Basirat, and Karl Berglund

democratization: After unprecented numbers of the lower strata consciously entered the speech community of those using political language, the significance of its terms expanded correspondingly. The number of readers increased, as did that of the writers and

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Spencer McKay

that the adoption of popular vote processes across Europe is motivated largely by strategic considerations of political elites, rather than by a concern for democratization. As a result, the design of referendums is more likely to reflect than disrupt

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Carol Hager

referred to them as “the anti-party party;” others described them as the parliamentary arm of the citizen initiative movement. Their aim was to shed light on the workings of political institutions in order to democratize decision making. They called for

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Joseph Bristley and Elizabeth Turk

Soviet psychiatry's early biological-materialist model through the Stalinization and subsequent de-Stalinization of psychology (mid 1950s–1970). Late-Soviet liberalization witnessed differentiated, democratized education reform focusing on child

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History Teaching and Cultural Hegemony

Representations of the Spanish Civil War in Francoist History Textbooks of the 1960s

Johanna Fricke

. 12 In the 1960s, the Francoists thus had to contend with both Spain's poor economic situation and demands for democratization, peace, and reconciliation by oppositional forces and Spanish society at large. At the same time, they also had to convince a

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The Curious Case of Slovakia

Regime Preferences Thirty Years after the Velvet Revolution

Zuzana Reptova Novakova

Central and Eastern Europe were characterized by a shared movement away from postcommunism and toward catching up with the West. Amid the process of democratization and “Westernization by imitation” ( Krastev and Holmes 2020 ), it was widely understood

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A Protracted Peacebuilding Process

Emile Badarin

democratization. This process is predominantly articulated in expressions of security, and through business and market activities that obscure alternatives and alienate issues of social justice, equality, and human rights. As a result, land was spatially and

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Leif Lewin

citizenship. It aims to democratize existing decision-making units rather than create a wholly new global decision-making unit. Taking affectedness into account can also help explain the policies that nations pursue. In spite of the fact that free trade is a

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Beyond citizenship

Adivasi and Dalit political pathways in India

Nicolas Jaoul and Alpa Shah

class and gender domination, these movements nevertheless enable a relative democratization of the political process by seeking the participation of women and less educated people from their communities. As I discuss below, these intentions nevertheless

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Ed McKeon and Juan Menchero

world and performing arts organizations. The misadventures of the art framed economy, also a problem of cultural capital and how to democratize it, seem only to be solvable, as the editors suggest in a quote from Oliver Marchart's Conflictual Aesthetics