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Reports

Publications, Exhibitions and Conferences

Sara Farhan, Paul Fox, and Fakhri Haghani

bites. However, Dewachi’s suggestion that the unmaking of Iraq’s medical infrastructure began at the Iran−Iraq War, exacerbated during the Gulf War and exhausted by 12 years of sanctions, omits the damage the structure incurred during the numerous coups

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Reinventing a Traditional Ritual

Commemorating Karbala's Youngest Martyr in Iran

Atefeh Seyed Mousavi

posters related to the tragedy of Karbala, particularly depicting the Ali-Asqar's narrative, as well as photos of contemporary Iranian political and religious leaders. Sometimes, there are also posters of Iranian martyrs from the Iran–Iraq War (1980

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Knowledge at a Distance, Authority, and the Pilgrim's Gaze—A Reflection

Jackie Feldman

patina by conforming to religiously inscribed patterns that are understood to be innate—a sort of archetype in collective unconsciousness. If properly framed and narrated, the sacrifice of the Iran-Iraq War will resonate with this faculty or archetype

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Sectarianism and Recognition in Iraq

From Consociationalism to Deliberation?

Nicolas Pirsoul

of the Ba'athists, and Shias were suspected of being more loyal to Iran, their Shia majority neighbor, than to the ideals of Arab nationalism ( Kedourie 1988 ). The Iranian revolution in 1979 and the subsequent Iran-Iraq war (1980–1988) further

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Reports

Publications and Films

Kathleen M. Gallagher, Ahmed Kanna, Natalie Nesvaderani, Rana Dajani, Dima Hamadmad, and Ghufran Abudayyeh

, especially during the Iran–Iraq War – and developed its health research and education sector (129–131). Later of course, Iraq became a country whose infrastructures were devastated by deliberate acts of invasion and war by the United States and its junior

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Reports

Publications, Films and Conferences

Roxanne Varzi, Fadi A. Bardawil, Soheila Shahshahani, and Konstantina Isidoros

something deep inside by looking at dreams. To speak of the banality of violence does not really get to the core of how it changes, how it destroys and maims people. His attempts at filming scars reminds me of the men who tried to film faith during the Iran–Iraq

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Mourning at New Year's Day (Nowruz)

Cultural Practice against Ideology

Reinhold L. Loeffler and Erika Friedl

during and after the Iran–Iraq war aided this argument by eliciting sustained mourning throughout the country. 15 Graveyards became such familiar places that since the Revolution processions during the month of mourning have moved not only through town

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Methodology Matters in Iran

Researching Social Movements in Authoritarian Contexts

Paola Rivetti

, which, however, is contested, goes back to two events. The first is the Islamic revolution, which codified and licensed the state authorities’ broad control over the population. The other event that consolidated this power is the Iran–Iraq war, which

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Introduction

Elsewhere Affects and the Politics of Engagement across Religious Life-Worlds

Omar Kasmani, Nasima Selim, Hansjörg Dilger, and Dominik Mattes

one Shi‘i community to the Shi‘i state of Iran, “Dream-Realities” (Chavoshian) offers an evocative instance of its transfiguration in the material matter of the scented gravestone of a fallen martyr of the Iran-Iraq War (1980–1988). The concurring real

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The Silent Spring

Why Pro-democracy Activity Was Avoided in Gulf Nations during the Arab Spring

Charles Mitchell, Juliet Dinkha, and Aya Abdulhamid

, and the UAE was established to reinforce their influence in the region. This alliance firmly brought in stability after the precarious security climate that came about as a result of the Iran-Iraq War in 1980 ( Global Security 2016 ; Heard-Bey 2006