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Christine Adams

? Madame de Pompadour and the Aesthetics of Power,” in Female Beauty Systems: Beauty as Social Capital in Western Europe and the United States, Middle Ages to the Present , ed. Christine Adams and Tracy Adams (Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars

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The Other House

The Secondary Residence in Postwar France

Sarah Farmer

lower than in their home countries. In addition, French regulations made it easy for them to purchase second homes there. The Secretariat d’état au tourisme noted that within western Europe, rural France constituted “a reservoir of spaces at low purchase

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What Was So Funny about Les Aventures de Rabbi Jacob (1973)

A Comedic Film between History and Memory

Michael Mulvey

overlook the fact that Rabbi Jacob circulated throughout Western Europe and the Americas. The film told French audiences one thing as it sold foreign audiences a positive vision of Frenchness that justified France’s continued global cultural influence

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Sophie Meunier

, a record number since 1952. The main international market for French cinema became, for the first time in 2014, North America, which now surpasses Western Europe. In 2015, China became the number one country for admissions to French movies. 2015 was

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The Origins of the Anti-Liberal Left

The 1979 Vincennes Conference on Neoliberalism

Michael C. Behrent

commission consisted of politicians, business leaders, and foreign policy scholars from the United States, Western Europe, and Japan. In the late seventies, the Trilateral Commission seemed particularly influential—appearing to many a conspiracy theorist as a

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From Political Fringe to Political Mainstream

The Front National and the 2014 Municipal Elections in France

Gabriel Goodliffe

Integration in East Central Europe,” European Union Politics 3, 3 (2002): 297–326. See also Paul Taggart, “A Touchstone of Dissent: Euroskepticism in Contemporary Western European Party Systems,” European Journal of Political Research 33, 3 (1998): 363

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Olivier Wieviorka


Historians generally consider resistance in Europe as a national phenomenon. This vision is certainly accurate, but forgets one important datum: the Allies have played a decisive part in European resistance, by recognizing (or not) governments in exile, by authorizing (or not) the free access to the BBC, and by using their secret services (mainly the Special Operations Executive, SOE, and the Office of Strategic Services, OSS). This article tries to show how this action has shaped resistance in Western Europe, and given to the Anglo-Americans a leading part in clandestine action—even if national powers, in one way or another, have resisted this hegemony.


La résistance en Europe a le plus souvent été considérée comme un combat national, tant par les hommes et les femmes qui y ont participé que par les historiens qui ont, par la suite, tenté de l'analyser. Sans contester ce schéma, il convient sans doute de l'enrichir, en admettant que l'intervention des Britanniques, puis des Américains, a contribué à européaniser la résistance. En la pliant à un modèle organisationnel unique tout d'abord ; en imposant des structures de commandement et une stratégie identiques ensuite ; en légitimant les pouvoirs en exil enfin. Ces interventions ont au total amené à une homogénéisation de l'armée des ombres sur le Vieux Continent, sans que les résistances nationales n'aliènent, pour autant, leur identité propre.

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International Cooperation, Transnational Circulation

Escape, Evasion, and Resistance in France, 1940–1945

Valerie Deacon

evaders 12 in Western Europe. The frequent emphasis on the stormy relationship between the leaders of wartime powers has obscured the important role that evaders and their helpers played in establishing and maintaining diplomatic relationships. Until 1944

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Nadia Malinovich

those who suffered because of being Jews.” Confident in their status as fully emancipated citizens of a modern, Western European country, the AlU’s founders wanted to share their bounty with their “less fortunate” brethren around the world. 12 While

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Remembering the “Forgotten Zone”

Recasting the Image of the Post-1945 French Occupation of Germany

Corey Campion

at Yalta three months before Germany's unconditional surrender. Concerned about the threat of postwar American isolationism, Soviet aggression toward Western Europe, and a potential resurgence of German militarism, British officials felt the need to