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Extractive Conservation

Peasant Agroecological Systems as New Frontiers of Exploitation?

Anne Cristina de la Vega-Leinert and Peter Clausing

in a top-down governance regime and provokes recurrent conflicts of access to natural resources ( Gudynas 2009 ; Peluso and Lund 2011 ). With regard to conservation and extraction, this piece focuses on the biodiversity-food nexus in which

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Franziska von Verschuer

conservation of agricultural biodiversity—gave warning of a looming “rendezvous with extinction,” a lot has changed in the agricultural and agro-political landscape. When they red-flagged the increasing loss of plant genetic diversity advancing since the mid

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Jodie Asselin, Gabriel Asselin, and Flavia Egli

show forest plantations can be a biodiversity enhancement if planted on improved lands rather than in natural ecosystems ( Bremer and Farley 2010 ; Brockerhoff et al. 2008 ; Buscardo et al. 2008 ; Iremonger et al. 2007 ; Mullen et al. 2008 ), local

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Dan Brockington

required to meet climate change targets or prevent biodiversity loss, the formulation of indicators to track progress to meet the targets set for the Sustainable Development Goals, concern about the return of high levels of inequality, or crises in the

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Eleanor Sterling, Tamara Ticktin, Tē Kipa Kepa Morgan, Georgina Cullman, Diana Alvira, Pelika Andrade, Nadia Bergamini, Erin Betley, Kate Burrows, Sophie Caillon, Joachim Claudet, Rachel Dacks, Pablo Eyzaguirre, Chris Filardi, Nadav Gazit, Christian Giardina, Stacy Jupiter, Kealohanuiopuna Kinney, Joe McCarter, Manuel Mejia, Kanoe Morishige, Jennifer Newell, Lihla Noori, John Parks, Pua’ala Pascua, Ashwin Ravikumar, Jamie Tanguay, Amanda Sigouin, Tina Stege, Mark Stege, and Alaka Wali

-cultural (institutions, networks, knowledge systems) and ecological (biodiversity, habitat, ecosystem services) components and their combined ability to respond to disturbances ( Gunderson and Holling 2002 ). “Measuring” social-ecological resilience is particularly

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Erland Mårald and Erik Westholm

wealth between the global North and South (Baker 2006). The discourse of production and the environment in forestry in the late 1980s was also mediated by the concept of biodiversity. Mono-cultures and clear-cutting had been described by environmentalists

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Ștefan Dorondel, Stelu Şerban, and Marian Tudor

Ecological restoration and nature conservation are seen as complementary ways to impede the rapid decline in biodiversity, which is currently unfolding at an unprecedented rate ( Dinerstein et al. 2019 ; Harris et al. 2006 ; Perkins and Leffler

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Not Lost but Found

Rebuilding Relations and Reclaiming Indigenous Food Systems

Keitlyn Alcantara

and intentional relation with nature. Living Alongside vs. Eating Food Contemporary food system studies, agriculturalists, and ecologists are turning toward the idea of biodiversity as the solution to our current food system crisis. Yet, it

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Constanza Parra and Frank Moulaert

sustainability imperatives with the purpose of preserving their unique natural quality, exceptional biodiversity, and cultural heritage. PAs should certainly be considered custodians of a distinctive society-nature relationship. Governance is often portrayed as

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Introduction

People and Plants

Kay E. Lewis-Jones

inherent resilience and intrinsic value that biodiversity brings ( Smith et al. 2011 ; Vucetich et al. 2015 ). It is clear that conceptually and physically marginalizing plants, and the nature they have come to represent, has left them vulnerable. As the