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American and British Efforts to Democratize Schoolbooks in Occupied Italy and Germany from 1943 to 1949

Daniela R. P. Weiner


During the Allied occupation of the Axis countries, education and the revision of educational materials were seen as a means of ensuring future peace in Europe. Most scholarly literature on this topic has focused on the German case or has engaged in a German-Japanese comparison, neglecting the country in which the textbook revision process was first pioneered: Italy. Drawing primarily on the papers of the Allied occupying military governments, this article explores the parallels between the textbook revision processes in Allied-occupied Italy and Germany. It argues that, for the Allied occupiers involved in reeducation in Italy and Germany, the reeducation processes in these countries were inextricably linked. Furthermore, the institutional learning process that occurred in occupied Italy enabled the more thorough approach later applied in Germany.

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The Limits of Liberal Democracy

Prospects for Democratizing Democracy

Viviana Asara

inherent to democratization processes. The present article focuses on some aspects which I think are not sufficiently elaborated by Lessenich to theoretically unearth and clarify their nodal points and to take forward some of their possible implications

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Little Phil

Changing the Relationship between Philanthropy and Democracy?

Joshua Murchie and Jean-Paul Gagnon

funds the foundation is one person with more money versus thousands of persons with less money. Little Phil does offer a democratization of big philanthropy by structuring giving and receiving in ways that are normally out of reach for the less

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Interiority and government of the child

Transparency, risk, and good governance in Indonesia

Jan Newberry

of Suharto’s New Order authoritarian regime in 1998, with its roots in the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s, and the beginning of the era of reform, or Reformasi , and democratization. The earthquake seemed to manifest the significant

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Space of Hope for Lebanon’s Missing

Promoting Transitional Justice through a Digital Memorial

Erik Van Ommering and Reem el Soussi

, singular views of either collective memory or homogeneous nationhood no longer hold in today’s mobile and dynamic world ( Josias 2011: 95 ). Hence, scholars have argued for a decolonization and democratization of archiving practices, granting nonstate

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Bringing Politics Back In

Embedded Neoliberalism in Israel during Rabin's Second Government

Arie Krampf, Uri Ansenberg, and Barak Zur

Social protection and redistribution (3) Redistributive policies for households (4) Developmental policies for firms Political sphere (5) Depoliticization (6) Democratization and participation ‘Supply-side reforms’ capture

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Socialist Democracy

Directed Democracy and Social Vision in Socialist Hungary, 1956–1989

Milán Pap

. Socialist democracy was thus conceptualized first as a tool of party politics to bring party organizations and their apparatuses into the orbit of de-centralization and later, democratization. The de-Stalinization of these Communist parties proved to be a

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Nationalism and Internationalism Reconciled

British Concepts for a New World Order during and after the World Wars

Antero Holmila and Pasi Ihalainen

policy would be taken away from aristocratic and reactionary experts of the foreign ministries and potentially democratized at both national and international levels. 1 Such mainly Anglophone internationalist visions began to appear frequently in public

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Lest We Forget (Matter)

Posthumanism, Memory, and Exclusion

Matthew Howard

exemplify the contribution ANT and new materialism can make to the study of collective memory and, thus, the theorization of legal and political exclusion. The Democratization of Collective Memory Studies A dichotomy underpins collective memory studies. It

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Innovations in Israel’s Civics Textbooks

Enlightening Trends in Non-Western Democracies

Sigal Ben-Rafael Galanti, Paz Carmel, and Alon Levkowitz

increasing globalization, civics education can encourage aspirations for a more democratic global order. Events and processes such as Eastern European democratization and mass immigration have cast light on the importance of civics. Similarly, beyond