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Human security and state rebuilding in post-conflict Nepal

Peace at the cost of justice?

Lauri Siitonen

English abstract: There is a possible conflict between two current policy guidelines in post-conflict countries, human security, and state rebuilding. This article analyzes how weak statehood and low human security are mutually interlinked in complex ways in the case of post-conflict Nepal. The analysis is based on economic, political, and social data, recent reports by international organizations and NGOs, as well as on statements by major politicians and political parties. A dilemma can be identified in post-conflict Nepal: in order to remedy weak statehood and decrease the level of crime, the presence of the state in the rural areas needs to be enhanced. Yet people feel mistrust toward the police and state administration, which keep many people marginalized. Therefore external actors, particularly the EU, should strengthen their support for democratization of the state while at the same time keeping an eye on the peace process.

Spanish abstract: Existe un posible conflicto entre dos orientaciones de las políticas actuales en los países post-conflicto: la seguridad humana y la reconstrucción del Estado. Este artículo analiza cómo la debilidad estatal y la seguridad humana están mutuamente relacionadas entre sí de manera compleja en el caso del post-conflicto en Nepal. El análisis se basa en los datos económicos, políticos y sociales, en los últimos informes de las organizaciones internacionales y no-gubernamentales, así como en las declaraciones de los más importantes políticos y partidos políticos. Es posible identificar un dilema en el Nepal post-conflicto: con el fin de fortalecer al Estado débil y disminuir el nivel de la criminalidad, es preciso mejorar la presencia del Estado en las zonas rurales. Sin embargo, la gente siente desconfianza hacia la policía y la administración estatal, que mantienen a un gran número de personas en la marginalidad. Por lo tanto los actores externos, especialmente la UE, deben fortalecer su apoyo a la democratización del Estado a la vez que deben estar atentos al proceso de paz.

French abstract: Il existe une possibilité de conflit entre les deux actuelles lignes directrices en matière de politiques dans les pays en sortie de guerre, à savoir entre la sécurité humaine et la reconstruction de l'État. Cet article analyse comment un état défaillant et une faible sécurité humaine sont reliés mutuellement de façon complexe dans le contexte d'après-guerre au Népal. L'analyse est basée sur des données économiques, politiques et sociales, des rapports récents d'organisations internationales et d'ONG, ainsi que sur les discours des plus importants politiciens et partis politiques. Un dilemme apparaît dans le cas du Népal : afin de renforcer le pouvoir de l'État et de diminuer les taux de criminalité, la présence de l'État doit être accrue dans les milieux ruraux. Or, la population montre une certaine méfiance envers la police et l'administration publique, instances considérées comme responsables de la marginalisation d'une grande partie de la société. C'est pourquoi des acteurs externes, telle l'Union Européenne, devraient renforcer leur aide à la démocratisation de l'État et surveiller en même temps le processus de paix.

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Introduction

Textbooks in Periods of Political Transition after the Second World War

Kira Mahamud Angulo and Anna Ascenzi

the economic, social, educational, and political spheres of society often become desynchronized. A similar approach to this process is provided in Daniel Ziblatt’s description of nineteenth century democratization as “an asynchronic dynamic in which

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A Visual and Narrative Dialogue on Our Collective Past, Present and Future

The RISC Consortium

of photos and short essays for publication in the World Family Portrait section of the journal. The journal has already published photos and texts on themes such as water, poverty, women, borders, political ideology, democratization, development

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Transboundary river basins, their hidden realities

Edith Kauffer

submissions of photos and short essays for publication in the World Family Portrait section of the journal. The journal has already published photos and texts on themes such as water, poverty, women, borders, political ideology, democratization, development

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Editorial

Research Article

Jean-Paul Gagnon and Selen A. Ercan

toward new worlds and new ways of life” today. Robin Rodd's article on Uruguay's “state-driven democratization” follows from the above. Rodd explains how the political party Frente Amplio is reinvigorating Battlismo – an early twentieth

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What If? / What Now?

“Futuring” Mobilities Research by Engaging with Design

Ole B. Jensen

be given on the critical-creative dimension of “designerly ways of thinking.” I then investigate the issue regarding potential futures to the current challenges related to environment and climate: for this discussion Urry's idea of “democratizing

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Reflecting on Fifty Years of Democratic Theory

Carole Pateman in Conversation with Graham Smith

Carole Pateman and Graham Smith

't know. I went there in 2015 and got the impression that participatory budgeting had already probably peaked. Smith: We seem to be getting back to your earlier point that we don't spend enough time thinking about what it means to democratize the

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Regional integration and development as the RISC Consortium celebrates its tenth anniversary

movements. Conde reflects on these analyses of the democratization movements that were published in 2011 and revisits them in relation to the various human tragedies that are presently characterizing former Arab Spring states, such as Syria and Libya. Now

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Neoliberalism, the Left and the Rise of the Far Right

On the Political and Ideological Implications of Capitalism's Subordination of Democracy

Costas Panayotakis

their lives as well as the future of the human species and the planet. From the End of the Cold War to the Democratization Paradox After this brief overview of the various ways capitalism undercuts democracy, it is time to explore both the

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Reform, Transformation, Emancipation

Conceptualizing Political Protest in Modern Democracies

Christian Volk

the Democratization of Democracy When we look at protest in terms of the distinction between transformative and reformist protest, an increase in protest will not automatically signify a loss of legitimacy for modern democracies. Rather, the rise of