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Orchestrating multilateralism

Cases of EU and East-Asian inter-regional engagement

Thomas Henökl and Michael Reiterer

English abstract: Inter-regional orchestration is one possible strategy to shape global governance agendas, to coordinate international norm setting and contribute to a negotiated international order. The European Union has been engaging in various international, multilateral and inter-regional settings seeking cooperation with state and non-state actors striving for a multipolar and, to some extent post-Westphalian, system, based on democratic global governance structures and the rule of law among nations. Europe's interests, it is frequently argued, are best served by a stable set of relations, allowing for political and economic cooperation, trade and mutual respect. At the same time, the EU may have a system-inherent bias for regional cooperation. This contribution asks which are the innovative policy means to build multilateral governance structures, and what does the EU do to promote these with its partners around the world, and in particular in Asia and in the East-Asian sub-region. By adopting a behavioral approach and analyzing the mechanisms and instruments of EU engagement in Asia, this article contributes an organizational perspective on EU external governance and its multi-level foreign policy architecture to the geopolitical debates on the EU's role in Asian regional development.

Spanish abstract: Una posible estrategia para organizar las agendas de gobernanza global, coordinar el establecimiento de normas internacionales y contribuir a un orden internacional negociado es la orquestación interregional. La Unión Europea (UE) ha participado en varios foros internacionales e interregionales que buscan cooperar con actores estatales y no gubernamentales, aspirando a establecer un sistema multipolar , basado en el Estado de derecho y en estructuras de gobernanza democrática global. En este sentido, se e afirma que, probablemente, la UE tenga un sistema que esté inherentemente condicionado a favor de la cooperación regional. Este artículo se interroga sobre la determinación de las políticas innovadoras que construirán la estructura para una gobernanza multilateral y sobre el papel de la UE para promover políticas de desarrollo regional en Asia y, más particularmente, en Asia Oriental.

French abstract: L'orchestration interrégionale est une des stratégies possibles pour influencer l'agenda de la gouvernance globale, coordonner la création des normes internationales et pour contribuer à un ordre international négocié. L'Union européenne s'est engagée dans des schémas internationaux, multilatéraux et interrégionaux divers, en coopération avec des acteurs étatiques et non-étatiques, aspirant à un système multipolaire et, dans un certain sens, post-Westphalien, basé sur des structures démocratiques de gouvernance mondiale et ancré dans le droit international. Il est fréquemment évoqué que les intérêts européens sont mieux sauvegardés par un ensemble de relations stables, permettant la coopération politique et économique, le commerce et le respect mutuel. De plus, la matrice organisationnelle de l'UE semble être biaisée vers la coopération régionale. On s'interroge ensuite, sur la promotion de l'ensemble de ces pratiques par l'Union européenne avec ses partenaires dans le monde entier, et, plus particulièrement, dans la région de l'Asie de l'Est. Adoptant une approche béhavioriste, cet article examine les mécanismes et les instruments de l'engagement européen en Asie de l'Est et apporte une perspective organisationnelle de la gouvernance externe de l'UE et de son architecture multiniveaux de politique extérieure.

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Fostering peace through dialogue

The international social democratic movement and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Pentti Väänänen

The Socialist International (SI), the worldwide forum of the socialist, social democratic, and labor parties, actively looked for a solution to the Jewish-Palestinian conflict in the 1980s. At that time, the Israeli Labour Party still was the leading political force in Israel, as it had been historically since the foundation of the country. The Labour Party was also an active member of the SI. The Party’s leader, Shimon Peres, was one of its vice-presidents. At the same time, the social democratic parties were the leading political force in Western Europe. Several important European leaders, many of them presidents and prime ministers, were involved in the SI’s work. They included personalities such as Willy Brandt of Germany; former president of the SI, Francois Mitterrand of France; James Callaghan of Great Britain; Bruno Kreisky of Austria; Bettini Craxi of Italy; Felipe Gonzalez of Spain; Mario Soares of Portugal; Joop de Uyl of the Netherlands; Olof Palme of Sweden; Kalevi Sorsa of Finland; Anker Jörgensen of Denmark; and Gro Harlem Brudtland of Norway—all of whom are former vice-presidents of the SI. As a result, in the 1980s, the SI in many ways represented Europe in global affairs, despite the existence of the European Community (which did not yet have well-defined common foreign policy objectives).

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Explaining sustainable regional integration to my parents

Zenyram Koff Maganda

with each other, but the COVID-19 crisis has shown the limits of this cooperation. For example, the EU member states recently approved €279 million in EU aid following the 2019 extreme weather events in Austria, Italy, Portugal, and Spain

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Assisted “voluntary” return of women to Kosovo

Rhetoric and reality within the framework of development

Sandra Sacchetti

insurmountable systemic challenges that could not be offset by the reintegration assistance with which they were provided. The empirical data presented here focuses primarily on the accounts of four single women, whose return to Kosovo from Austria, Luxembourg

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The Ukrainian divide

The power of historical narratives, imagined communities, and collective memories

Alina Penkala, Ilse Derluyn, and Ine Lietaert

-abiding Austrian rule ( Riabchuk, 2015 ). John-Paul Himka (2001) identified several factors impacting the formation of the imagined community of Ruthenians in Galician Rus. First, it was a struggle with the dominant Polish culture in the absence of Ruthenian

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Quantitative research approaches in support of the new EC framework to safeguard the rule of law in EU

Kaloyan Haralampiev and Georgi Dimitrov

surpasses Hungary; Slovenia, Spain and Cyprus surpass Latvia; Malta surpasses Portugal; Luxembourg and Germany surpass Austria. The new ranking seems meaningful and, despite these differences, we still examine total rankings calculated only by the Table

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Relating regional crises and political cohesion from an ASEAN and EU–ASEAN perspective

Naila Maier-Knapp

: Routledge . Maier-Knapp , N. ( 2010 ). A friend in need: A friend in deed? ASEAN–EU inter-regionalism in the light of non-traditional security crises in Southeast Asia . Austrian Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 3 ( 1 ), pp. 76 – 100 . Maier

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Coffee farmers’ perception of bat guano as fertilizer in agroecosystems of Mexico

M. Guadalupe Torres-Jiménez, Rene Murrieta-Galindo, Beatriz Bolívar-Cimé, Astrid Wojtarowski-Leal, and M. Ángeles Piñar-Álvarez

. R Core Team . ( 2018 ). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. (Version 3.2.4.) [Computer software] Vienna, Austria : The R Foundation . Retrieved from https://www.r-project.org/ Ruiz , A . ( 2006 ). Priorización de

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Policy coherence for development and migration

Analyzing US and EU policies through the lens of normative transformation

Harlan Koff

when Austria signed an accord with Tunisia. Since then, other high-profile agreements include those concluded between Spain and Morocco (1992), the United Kingdom and Algeria (2006), and Italy and Egypt (2007) (Casserino, 2012). Casserino notes that

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Regional and sub-regional effects on development policies

The Benelux and the Nordic countries compared

Lauri Siitonen

1995, together with Austria. The Norwegians have twice rejected the membership and thus remain outside of the EU. Iceland is no longer a member candidate of the EU. However, as members of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), European Economic