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Demonstrating resistance

Politics and participation in the marches of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo

Victoria Ana Goddardl

This article explores ways in which the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo confronted the state on the violence perpetrated during Argentina's "dirty war" during the 1970s and early 1980s. Focusing particularly on the Marches of Resistance initiated during the last years of the military regime in 1981, the article argues that their resistance had an important effect on political culture, encouraging participation and innovative forms of political action. At the same time, shifts in political conditions also caused internal changes in the Mothers' movement. A discussion of the circumstances that resulted in a schism within the movement and current divergences in conducting the marches leads to reflections on different interpretations of the political.

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Introduction

Approaching Perpetrators

Erin Jessee

The rationale for this special section of Conflict and Society lies in anthropology’s relatively recent and steadily growing application to the study of political violence in its various manifestations, from everyday instances of subtle structural violence to more overt cases of war and mass atrocities. In the late 1990s, Carolyn Nordstrom’s (1997) work among soldiers and ordinary civilians whose lives had been intimately affected by Mozambique’s civil war and Antonius Robben’s (1996) work among survivors and perpetrators of Argentina’s Dirty War enabled an important shift among ethnographers. Whereas in the past ethnographers typically focused on violence and warfare in substate and prestate societies, Nordstrom and Robben emphasized the foundations of political violence in complex state societies. Their work led to the emergence of a small cohort of ethnographers—among them Philippe Bourgois (2003), Nancy Scheper-Hughes (1997, 2002), and Neil Whitehead (2002, 2004)—specialized in what was soon termed “the ethnography of political violence”

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Vandalism as Symbolic Reparation

Imaginaries of Protest in Nicaragua

Ileana L. Selejan

relatives disappeared during the Dirty War. 7 The August 12 protest escalated after participants graffitied the Procuraduría , finally breaking through the front doors of the building. City Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum qualified the incident as a ‘provocation

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Laughing with, Laughing at

Humour and Revolution in the 2019 Venice Pavilions of Chile and Egypt

Chrisoula Lionis and Alkisti Efthymiou

's demands for labour rights and equality in 1848 Vienna; the European ‘human zoos’ and the popularisation of scientific racism; the hysterification of female experience at the Salpetriere psychiatric hospital; the Dirty War and the US involvement in

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The Debts of War

Bifurcated Veterans’ Mobilization and Political Order in Post-settlement El Salvador

Ralph Sprenkels

Republicana Nationalista (Republican Nationalist Alliance—ARENA), founded in 1981 by the paramilitary strongmen of the dirty war against alleged insurgents ( Arnson 2002 ) governed El Salvador until 2009, when the Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación

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Unbecoming Veteranship

Convicted Military Officers in Post-authoritarian Argentina

Eva van Roekel and Valentina Salvi

the military also changed and alternated between “just war,” “war against subversion,” “dirty war,” “nonconventional war,” “fratricidal war,” and “civil war.” One way to overcome the declining status and inarticulate position of the armed forces as

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Liminality and Missing Persons

Encountering the Missing in Postwar Bosnia-Herzegovina

Laura Huttunen

. Tatum , James . 2003 . The Mournes’s Song: War and Remembrance from the Iliad to Vietnam . Chicago : University of Chicago Press . Taylor , Diana . 1997 . Disappearing Acts: Spectacles of Gender and Nationalism in Argentina’s “Dirty War

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Seeking Recognition, Becoming Citizens

Achievements and Grievances among Former Combatants from Three Wars

Johanna Söderström

War II veterans] won the war, it was the Great War, they came home, they saved the war, everybody loved them, you know. When we went, we didn't win; it was a dirty war and it was political. […] Like we were you know, we were the killers and the baby

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Emergent Police States

Racialized Pacification and Police Moralism from Rio's Favelas to Bolsonaro

Tomas Salem and Bjørn Enge Bertelsen

heavily influenced by the national security doctrine and became key players in the military's “dirty war “against political opponents and subversives, adopting counterinsurgency warfare practices from the United States and elsewhere ( Cowan 2016 ). Torture