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The Transnational Turn Meets the Educational Turn

Engaging and Educating Adolescents in History Museums in Europe

Wolfram Kaiser

History museums in Europe are transnationalizing their narratives. In contemporary historical sections they also increasingly include references to European integration and the present-day European Union. This "transnational turn" within a predominately European narrative frame meets the "educational turn." Museums attempt to transform themselves into more interactive spaces of communication. The meeting of these "turns" creates particular challenges of engaging and educating adolescents. I argue that in responding to these challenges, history museums in Europe so far use three main strategies: personalizing history, simulating real life decision-making situations, and encouraging participative narrating of the adolescents' own (transnational) experiences.

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Benoît Challand

This article argues that the symbolic borders of Europe and the existence of external Others have been at times more important than Europe's center or its actual physical boundaries, especially during the first decades after the foundation of the European Communities. Analyzing textual and visual sources taken from some ninety French, Italian, and German history textbooks published between 1950 and 2005, the various sequences in which European integration has been constructed are highlighted. Communism, the first external Other, provided the first minimum common denominator for a nascent political Europe. It was not until the end of the Cold War that a projection of a distinct European identity appeared. Nevertheless, the role of new external Other(s) remains important for the evolution of the discourse of a European identity. This article draws attention to the Others, seeking to embed the Others' perspective in narratives of Europe.

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Enis Sulstarova

Reformation are presented as logical “necessities” that were just waiting to happen. 3 In another textbook, the European integration process is similarly presented as a “necessity” after the destruction wrought by the Second World War—a necessity that found

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Raymond Nkwenti Fru and Johan Wassermann

. 5 (2009): 222–232, doi: . 31 Inari Sakki, “A Success Story or a Failure? Representing the European Integration in the Curricular and Textbooks of Five Countries” (PhD thesis, University of Helsinki, 2010

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Marc Kropman, Carla van Boxtel, and Jannet van Drie

.15.2.11. 2 Stuart Foster, “Dominant Traditions in International Textbook Research and Revision,” Education Inquiry 2, no. 1 (2011): 5–20, doi:10.3402/edui.v2i1.21959; Inari Sakki, “Social Representations of European Integration as Narrated by School

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De-Orientalizing the Western Gaze on Eastern Europe

The First Soviet Occupation in Lithuanian History Textbooks

Barbara Christophe

Berg and Piret Ehin, eds., Identity and Foreign Policy: Baltic-Russian Relations and European Integration (Burlington: Ashgate, 2009). 4 Maria Mälksoo, “The Memory Politics of Becoming European: The East European Subalterns and the Collective Memory

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Shaun Hargreaves-Heap, Stefan Hudak, and Jeroen Huisman

Walter W. McMahon (2009) Higher Learning, Greater Good: The Private and Social Benefits of Higher Education

Review by Shaun Hargreaves-Heap

Alberto Amaral, Guy Neave, Christine Musselin and Peter Maassen (eds) (2009) European Integration and the Governance of Higher Education and Research

Review by Stefan Hudak

Jill Blackmore, Marie Brennan and Lew Zipin (eds) (2010) Re-positioning University Governance and Academic Work Review by Jeroen Huisman

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Meglio di ieri

Educational Films, National Identity and Citizenship in Italy from 1948 to 1968

Anne Bruch

-establishment of international collaboration politics; the recovery of economic relations; the containment of communism; and consensus about migration flows. Since 1951, when the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was established, European integration became

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Mei Qu

University ). Hooghe , L. and G. Marks ( 2001 ), Multi-Level Governance and European Integration ( Lanham/Boulder/New York/Oxford : Rowman & Littlefield ). Horta , H. and M. T. Patrício ( 2016 ), ‘ Setting-up an international science