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The Writer's Responsibility in France

From Flaubert to Sartre

Gisèle Sapiro

Based on the notion of legal responsibility, the article establishes a connection between the social conditions of production of literature and the ethical principles that founded the commitment of writers as intellectuals in France from the nineteenth century to the post-World War II period. While the penal responsibility of the author is imbued with a belief in the power of words, the trials were in turn often the occasion for writers like Flaubert and Baudelaire to define their own ethics of responsibility against the values of conventional morality and political conformity through which their work was liable to condemnation. Articulating these ethical principles affirmed the writer's independence from political and religious authorities and contributed to the emergence of an autonomous literary field, as defined by Pierre Bourdieu. The figure of the writer as a public intellectual best embodied by Zola and Sartre emerged on the basis of this code of ethics.

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Nick Nguyen, Philippe Kaenel, Michael Kelly, Charles Forsdick, Rikke Platz Cortsen, Sylvain Rheault, Hugo Frey, and Mark Nixon

French literature’. To make a significant contribution, it is now necessary to specialise in a more specific subfield, such as manga for women, gay manga and so forth. The brand-new field of global manga has now emerged as a new area of study, and this

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Camus et la « littérature algérienne »

Une notion stratégique dans l’espace littéraire francophone

Tristan Leperlier


This article offers a socio-historical approach to analyzing the genesis of the notion of “Algerian literature” and its structural relationship to “French literature”—unstable notions that have been subject to fierce debate. I show how “Algerian literature” has been nationalized and ethnicized during the twentieth century. These transformations are linked to Algerian writers’ literary and political struggles with one another. Their approaches to affirming or denying the very existence of “Algerian literature” during the colonial era, or its ethnic character after Algerian independence, depended on their political convictions, but also on their recognition within the French-Algerian literary space. A structural analysis of the kind offered here allows us to see new historical continuities and ruptures between French colonial literature and the literature of post-independence Algeria. It reveals too that the figure of Albert Camus has remained in the heart of the debates even to this day.

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Hannah Callaway, Alec G. Hargreaves, and John P. Murphy

soon came to dislike the ways in which media usage of this term became tainted by negative stereotypes and seemed to position them not only outside mainstream French literature but also in some respects outside French literature altogether. They felt

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Félix Germain

spoke to the ways in which some French colonial subjects were infatuated with Paris as the center of the empire. Reflecting on Thaly, a poet from the island of Martinique, Cook suggested that his fine stanzas truly enriched French literature. His poems

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Colette française (et fille de zouave)

Colette and the French Singularity

Kathleen Antonioli

French literature, thus erasing, suppressing, or rewriting other forms of femininity that are in French literary history. This happens both implicitly and explicitly. Finally, we can trace this particular vision of Colette forward as well as backward

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Aaron Freundschuh, Jonah D. Levy, Patricia Lorcin, Alexis Spire, Steven Zdatny, Caroline Ford, Minayo Nasiali, George Ross, William Poulin-Deltour, and Kathryn Kleppinger

the blurred lines between what has historically been divided into “commercial” and “aesthetic” literature. Instead, Sabo argues that migrant literature exemplifies the ever-shifting values, actors, and publications that make up French literature today

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Les journaux francophones au dix-neuviéme siécle

Entre enjeux locaux et perspective globale

Guillaume Pinson

Ruby Van Allen Caulfeild, French Literature of Louisiana (Gretna : Pelican Publishing Company, 1998) ; Caryn Cossé, Revolution, Romanticism and the Afro-Creole Protest Tradition in Louisiana, 1718–1868 (Baton Rouge : Louisiana State University Press

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The Gallic Singularity

The Medieval and Early Modern Origins

Tracy Adams

-is-in-complete-control-he-owes-her-obedience-and-submission-The-knights/ . 28 Gaston Paris, “II. Le conte de la Charrette”, Romania 12 (1883): 459–534. 29 See, for example, R. Howard Bloch, Medieval French Literature and Law (Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1977). 30 Chrétien de Troyes, Le Chevalier de la

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Jablonka’s History

Literature and the Search for Truth

Sarah Fishman

the apex of the great ‘romantic’ historians like Jules Michelet and Thomas Carlyle, who both wrote vivid histories of the French Revolution. Lionel Gossman, Princeton professor of French literature, describes romantic history as the “synthesis of