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Archaeological Narratives in Greek History Textbooks

From Texts to Pupils’ Interpretations

Maria Repoussi and Konstatina Papakosta

and their territorial extent. 16 Archeology has also been used for similar purposes, 17 and its connection with nationalism has been long and complex. 18 Especially in Greece, archeology as a discipline 19 as well as its didactical transposition

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Naming the West

Productions of Europe In and Beyond Textbooks

Gerdien Jonker

This article discusses the relationship between Europe and ancient Greece as narrated (or ignored) in a range of European history textbooks. It unravels the threads the narrative has followed since the eighteenth century, investigating the choices made in construing the narrative taught today. Which meanings were inherent in the terms “east” and “west” before they acquired the ideological coloring associating “east” with “barbarians” and “west” with the civilized world and “Europe”? The article opens up a new perspective on a complex past that was lost from view when perceptions of the ancient Greeks as guarantors of European values became entwined with the invention of the nation state.

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The Image of Italian Colonialism in Italian History Textbooks for Secondary Schools

Luigi Cajani

This article reconstructs the evolution of the representation of Italian colonialism in history textbooks for upper secondary schools from the Fascist era to the present day. Textbook analysis is conducted here in parallel with the development of Italian historiography, with special attention being paid to the myth of the "good Italian", incapable of war crimes and violence against civilians, that has been cherished by Italian public opinion for a long time. Italian historians have thoroughly reconstructed the crimes perpetrated by the Italian army both in the colonies and in Yugoslavia and Greece during the Second World War, and this issue has slowly entered history textbooks.

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The Antebellum American Textbook Authors' Populist History of Roman Land Reform and the Gracchi Brothers

Edward McInnis

This essay explores social and political values conveyed by nineteenth century world and universal history textbooks in relation to the antebellum era. These textbooks focused on the histories of ancient Greece and Rome rather than on histories of the United States. I argue that after 1830 these textbooks reinforced both the US land reform and the antislavery movement by creating favorable depictions of Tiberius and Caius Gracchus. Tiberius and Caius Gracchus (known as the “Gracchi”) were two Roman tribunes who sought to restore Rome's land laws, which granted public land to propertyless citizens despite opposition from other Roman aristocrats. The textbook authors' portrayal of the Gracchan reforms reflects a populist element in antebellum American education because these narratives suggest that there is a connection between social inequality and the decline of republicanism.

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(Re)presentations of Islam in Albanian History Textbooks from 1990 to 2013

Enis Sulstarova

history textbooks, of yet another positive consequence of conversion. According to some historians and textbook authors, Islamization held back the cultural pressure exerted on Albanians by the Slavic and Greek Orthodox churches—a phenomenon considered to

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Working Hard, Hanging Back

Constructing the Achieving Girl

Colette Slagle

reception analysis. Paule begins the book by tracing a history of genius as a concept, illustrating the ways in which girls have been excluded consistently from this category. She begins with the Ancient Greeks and traces it through the Romantics, showing

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Thebes Troutman as Traveling Tween

Revising the Family Story

Margaret Steffler

) and suggests that it will need to be cut off. Steven Connor, in The Book of Skin , points out that skin “in classical Greek culture … was regarded as a kind of excrescence, which could protect the integrity of the body precisely because it was not

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Social Identity and Conflict Dynamics in Indian History Textbooks

Melissa DeLury

identity formation has been extensively researched in a variety of spaces. Studies include representation of identities and conflicts in history textbooks. For example, in Cyprus, Dilek Latif examined Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot interpretations of

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Narrating the Second World War

History Textbooks and Nation Building in Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine

Lina Klymenko

the deportation of Crimean Tatars, Greeks, Armenians, and representatives of other peoples living in Crimea. 92 The restoration of the Soviet regime in western Ukraine following the Red Army’s counteroffensive is likewise portrayed in the textbook as

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War Memories and Online Encyclopedias

Framing 30 June 1941 in Wikipedia

Mykola Makhortykh

OUN members led by Yaroslav Stetsko, proclaimed the restoration of the independent Ukrainian state, which allied itself with Germany in the war against the Soviet Union. The ceremony was attended by Iosyf Slipyi, representing the Greek Catholic Church