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Social Quality Indicators in Times of Crisis

The Case of Greece

Konstantinos G. Kougias

Chronic deficiencies of the Greek welfare state and the introduction of austerity measures as part of the international financial bailout agreements have created an explosive cocktail of poverty and social exclusion that severely tested the resilience of the frail social safety net and the demands of equity. The score on the indicators of social quality has worsened considerably as the Greek welfare system was overhauled. This article examines the four conditional factors of social quality from the viewpoint of socio-economic policies and everyday experiences in Greece during the crisis.

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Editorial

Laurent J.G. van der Maesen

individual happiness, the crucial challenge is inspired by ideas about “a good society,” as discussed by antique Greek philosophers. Two articles are dedicated to the first topic and two to the second. The first article, by Marco Ricceri, general secretary of

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Consciousness and Digestion Sartre and Neuroscience

Hazel E. Barnes

While Sartre scholars cannot fairly be described as being opposed to science, they have, for the most part, stayed aloof. The field of psychology, of course, has been an exception. Sartre himself felt compelled to present his own existential psychoanalysis by marking the parallels and differences between his position and traditional approaches, particularly the Freudian. The same is true with respect to his concept of bad faith and of emotional behavior. Scholars have followed his lead with richly productive results. But we may note that the debate has centered on psychic and therapeutic issues, aspects of what Sartre called le vécu or lived experience, rather than on the findings of cognitive science or neuroscience. Although all existentialists and phenomenologists accept as a central tenet the fact that consciousness is embodied, there has been virtually no concern with the biological substratum. But the study of consciousness cannot be restricted within its own narrow confines—unlike, say, Greek grammar, which can be learned without reference to the rules of Arabic. At some point, there must be established an organic foundation for the behavior of the conscious organism.

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Book Reviews

Sarah Horton and Adrian van den Hoven

analyzed. As a result, this anthology treats Camus's works from multiple angles and truly illuminates Camus's ideas. Part One, titled “Dialogues,” has eleven chapters and flows historically to view Camus's work in light of the Ancient Greeks, Augustine

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How Can Sartrean Consciousness be Reverent?

P. Sven Arvidson

foundation.” 3 For the ancient Greeks, and for many people today, reverence is directed toward a higher being and Sartre's philosophy is atheistic. Also, reverence involves positive fellow-feeling for others, a quality of respectfulness hard to find in

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Marcel Mauss’s ‘Internal Critique of the “Legend of Abraham”’

Adeel Hamza and John Gannon

/criticism, it raises the question of the ‘who’ and the ‘what’. Without necessarily following the Heideggerian trajectory of this difference, we would like to mark the ir-reducibility of the one to the other. Importantly, critique is a derivative of the Greek

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Love and Violence

Sartre and the Ethics of Need

Katharine Wolfe

plunged back into the constraints of necessity through its own material effects. The expression of this freedom occurs by way of what Sartre calls ‘ praxis .’ Praxis —Greek for ‘action’—is the activity through which freedom is concretely expressed in the

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Book Reviews

Robert Boncardo, Jean-Pierre Boulé, Nik Farrell Fox, and Daniel O'Shiel

's ontic structural realism?’. Siemens looks at Nietzsche's unpublished work Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks and distils from this an ‘agonistic principle of interaction’ that he finds incompatible with inegalitarianism and Nietzsche's later

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Sinophobia, American Imperialism, Disorder Without Responsibility

Shuchen Xiang

formulated this concept of oriental despotism. The idea goes that Greeks live under legitimate political institutions because they are free by nature, and Asians, because they are slavish by nature and do not revolt against political oppression, live under

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The Limits to Cheating History

Changing the Reference for Accounting

Peter Herrmann

units of consumption; the other new household is now the “household of the state.” Whereas the polis of ancient Greece was not considered a household, this is now different: the state, which may be seen as the successor of the polis, has its own budget