The Spanish Civil War stirred an array of humanitarian relief campaigns in France that placed women in the front lines of popular mobilization. As communists, socialists, liberals, antifascists, feminists and pacifists, French women invoked the iconography and language of sexual difference to construct pro-Republican aid appeals as an expression of gendered social concern above party politics. Through exploring the female leaderships, organization, and popular participation in different relief campaigns, this article emphasizes the extent to which Spanish aid efforts were dominated by tensions within the Front Populaire.
Humanitarian Aid, French Women, and Popular Mobilization during the Front Populaire
Eric Jennings, Hanna Diamond, Constance Pâris de Bollardière, and Jessica Lynne Pearson
services and humanitarian aid, which she argues was an equally crucial component of the Algerian independence movement’s bid for political sovereignty. Drawing on a wide range of newly available sources in French, English, and Arabic, Johnson heeds the
Diplomacy, Ethics, and Competition in the French World of Adoption
360,000 deaths). However, these figures have been corrected downward after Port-au-Prince officials were accused of overestimating human losses in order to facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid. More reasoned estimates today range from 100,000 to