The Santa Claus figure, the Christmas tree and decorations that are associated with this Christian holiday have been adopted by liberal consumers in Turkey, a Muslim country. These Turks envisage Santa Claus, in his trademark red suit, as a gift bearer on the occasion of New Year's Eve. This societal development has consolidated the cultural distance not only between the upper and lower classes but also between the established middle class and the flourishing, new conservative middle class. In protest, the religiously conservative have produced sombre 'alternative gatherings' to remind Turks of their Muslim heritage.
villains by sending the body of the bad guy he killed down to the other villains, decorated with a Santa Claus inscription, so the aggression by taunting is framed by PLAYING (see Figure 2 ). Then John flees and hides . Soon the film introduces a new
Klaus Berghahn, Russell Dalton, Jason Verber, Robert Tobin, Beverly Crawford, and Jeffrey Luppes
“Friday”, and to finding out there is no Santa Claus. The spoofs use footage of a tirade from the 2004 film Downfall —the German film by Oliver Hirschbiegel that focused on Hitler’s last days in power before his suicide and the collapse of the Nazi regime
normally rule out the possibility of the emotion, whereas this is just not the case when we respond to fictional characters and events. Once I know that Santa Claus does not exist, I cannot (at least, not coherently) hope that he brings me gifts. My own
Children’s Literature in Communist Romania
have. … Reading these stories will help you understand the life about you. … You will not only be part of history, but you will become makers of history” ( Mishler 2003: 30 ). 5 The Communist version of Santa Claus, who used to bring presents not on