Through interviews with Iraqi Kurdish refugees who are currently living in and around Binghamton, New York, this study aims to evaluate details about the impact of the diaspora on these refugees and its effects on the development of Kurdish identity. Specifically, it focuses on the narratives of refugees who have faced physical pressure and violence, cultural assimilation and ethnic cleansing in their homeland, which has left an indelible mark on their memories and identities. Lastly, these notes from the field articulate how collective memory gives voice to the shared Kurdish past, refugees’ experiences in diaspora and the importance of spreading memories of the older generations, particularly to second-generation refugees, in shaping identities and reconstructing place in the United States.
Kurdish Diasporic Experience in Binghamton
Aynur de Rouen
Globalization, Brain Drain, and the Postcolonial Condition in Nigeria
This essay examines the trajectories of skilled labor migrants within a global South-North migration matrix using an interdisciplinary framework. Focusing on Nigeria's huge brain drain phenomenon, the essay draws from the limited available data on the field, interpreting those data through theoretical perspectives from postcolonial studies, Marxism, cultural studies, and human geography. The study spotlights the example of the United States of America as a receptacle of skilled migrants and raises questions of social justice along the North-South divide. The research demonstrates that contrary to the dominant image promoted by some elements in the Western media of migrants as irritants or criminals who disturb well-cultivated, advanced World economies and social spaces, 1 those nations benefit highly from Africa's (and other migrant countries') labor diasporas, especially the highly skilled professionals.
This article uses Carling's aspiration/ability model and the social anchoring concept proposed by Grzymala-Kazlowska to explain the post-deportation experience of Mexicans deported from the United States of America. I analyze how deported people's aspirations are shaped by US migration policies and by their families, as well as by local community obligations. The data comes from seven years of longitudinal research in a rural community in Oaxaca. I conclude that under the immobility regime produced by the US for the deported Mexicans, their aspirations of remigration evolve into desperation. Often unable to remigrate to the US, they are stuck in a limbo of desperation until they refunnel their aspirations and anchor them in Mexico. At the same time, they resynchronize their life courses with other community members.
Diederik F. Janssen
2014) and leaders (as of 2015), it retains a no-girls-allowed policy for its Scouts (apart from a ban on atheists and agnostics from leader positions; unlike the Girl Scouts of the United States of America, BSA does not seem to have offered a policy
Whither “Partners in Leadership”?
Otto von Bismarck memorably grouped “drunks, fools, and the United States of America” as undeserving recipients of divine providence. 4 The tragic first half of the twentieth century (and Germany’s role within it) transformed u.s . foreign policy
An Intermedial Perspective
the United States of America. 16 This will be shown in the following sections about the Western genre in painting and photography, which chart the visual intermediality that has impacted on Western representations in comics. Graphic Narratives
Joyce Marie Mushaben, Shelley Baranowski, Trevor J. Allen, Sabine von Mering, Stephen Milder, Volker Prott, and Peter C. Pfeiffer
coincided with non-Orthodox western, northern, southern, and central Europe as well as the United States of America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Israel. 3 This region is, according to Winkler, characterized by the rule of law, the separation of
complainants in the lawsuits against the BSA, asking them to open its program to younger girls, was that the BSA had a very good program and that the girls’ organizations (Girl Scouts of the United States of America, Campfire) were not as exciting as they boys
. Brinkmann’s actual listening preferences aside, his fascination with and return to folk music, particularly the folk music of the United States of America, and his revulsion at the barbarity of his national culture, gesture to a disinterest in the Germanness
The Reappropriation of Photographic Images from a Museum Collection
-shirts. Valerie’s carries the image of a woman’s face surmounted by what appears to be a Native American–inspired feather headdress, and the one worn by Brang San carries the words “The United States of America/Washington DC” ( Figure 3 ). Ideas of indigeneity and