“polarization,” understood as the division of society into two substantial groups, may be the problem. To be sure, the literature on democratization considers polarization ( p ) and fractionalization ( f ) to be alternative options. Papers listing the causes of
Facts and Norms in Democratization
Democratic Citizenship as Uruguayan Cultural Heritage
The third wave of democratization crashed early this century and has been receding since. By any number of metrics, qualitative or comparative analysis, leftist or establishment perspectives, democracy appears to be in retreat ( Brown 2015
Breaking New and Controversial Ground?
Democracy in ASEAN
states in regard to ASEAN’s references to democracy, in the context of their domestic political circumstances. The article then examines the way in which democratization literature shapes our interpretation of ASEAN references to democracy. It also
Participation without Deliberation
The Crisis of Venezuelan Democracy
The legacy of Hugo Chavez is contentious. Some lament the deterioration of Venezuelan democracy from one of Latin America's most stable political systems to a populist authoritarian regime. Others celebrate Chavez's participatory project of institutionalizing structures for community-driven development, redistributing oil wealth through welfare policies, and creating a political party closely linked to mass movements. This article provides an alternative assessment of Venezuela's democratic quality by drawing on deliberative democratic theory. I argue that Chavez's participatory project is incomplete because it fails to create structures for deliberative politics. Without these mechanisms, Venezuela remains vulnerable to crises brought about by “uncivil action,” such as military coups and violent protests, making deliberation an important component in averting crises in democratizing polities.
Civil Societies and Democratization
Assumptions, Dilemmas and the South African Experience
During the past 20 years, the term ‘civil society’ has acquired a specific space within political and social discourse. Journalists have written extensively about this term, political leaders have employed it ever more frequently, and scholarly research has been equally fascinated by the idea of civil society. Paradoxically, the notion of civil society constructed its space within socio-political research as it remained largely unexamined, especially in its relation to democracy and democratization theory. Indeed, most academic literature on democratization has assumed the democratizing power of civil society, based largely on the wake of events occurring in Eastern Europe and some parts of Africa during the late 1980s and early 1990s, rather than on firmly-grounded empirical research.
The Bush Doctrine, Democratization, and Humanitarian Intervention
A Just War Critique
What has come to be known as ‘the Bush Doctrine’ is an idealistic approach to international relations that imagines a world transformed by the promise of democracy and that sees military force as an appropriate means to utilize in pursuit of this goal. The Bush Doctrine has been described in various ways. It has been called ‘democratic realism,’ ‘national security liberalism,’ ‘democratic globalism,’ and ‘messianic universalism’.1 Another common claim is that this view is ‘neoconservative’.2 In what follows I will employ the term ‘neoconservative’ as a convenient and commonly accepted name for the ideas that underlie the Bush Doctrine. The Bush Doctrine has been expressed in numerous speeches by President Bush and members of his administration.3 It is stated in the policy of the National Security Strategy of the United States.4 And it was employed in the invasion of Iraq. The hopeful aspiration of the Bush Doctrine is that democratization will result in peace.
The Limits of Liberal Democracy
Prospects for Democratizing Democracy
inherent to democratization processes. The present article focuses on some aspects which I think are not sufficiently elaborated by Lessenich to theoretically unearth and clarify their nodal points and to take forward some of their possible implications
Changing the Relationship between Philanthropy and Democracy?
Joshua Murchie and Jean-Paul Gagnon
funds the foundation is one person with more money versus thousands of persons with less money. Little Phil does offer a democratization of big philanthropy by structuring giving and receiving in ways that are normally out of reach for the less
Lest We Forget (Matter)
Posthumanism, Memory, and Exclusion
exemplify the contribution ANT and new materialism can make to the study of collective memory and, thus, the theorization of legal and political exclusion. The Democratization of Collective Memory Studies A dichotomy underpins collective memory studies. It
Why Analogical Arguments in Support of Workplace Democracy Must Necessarily Fail
application of democratic norms to the workplace in terms of its supposed benefits, and/or its concrete feasibility. Several authors have notably contended that the democratization of the workplace can increase productivity, competitiveness, employment