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Certification Regimes in the Global Agro-Food System and the Transformation of the Nature-Society Relationship

Ecological Modernization or Modernization of Ecology?

Md Saidul Islam

Ecological modernization means an “ecological switch” of the industrialization process in a direction that takes sustainability into account ( Spaargaren and Mol 1992 ). The key premise of ecological modernization theory is that capitalism is

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Environmental Expertise as Group Belonging

Environmental Sociology Meets Science and Technology Studies

Rolf Lidskog and Göran Sundqvist

sociology: the treadmill of production, risk society, and ecological modernization. We conclude that these theories are not clear about either what expertise is or how to balance scientism and powerism. Therefore, we turn to science and technology studies

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The Developmental State in Ecological Modernization and the Politics of Environmental Framings: The Case of Singapore and Implications for East Asia

Catherine Mei Ling Wong

In East Asia, climate change as a policy concern has been a late developer. The last decade, however, has seen the mainstreaming of environmental issues in core policy circles, but in the form of market-friendly, pro-industrial development framings. This paper problematizes such environmental framings by looking at the politics of state-led ecological modernization and the institutional reforms that have emerged out of it. It argues that State-led ecological modernization necessarily leads to environmental framings that are too narrowly defined by state and industrial interests - hence the focus on carbon emissions, energy security and the impact on Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The State-driven assumption that society can modernize itself out of its environmental crisis through greater advancements in technological development also ignores the fact that this process often leads to the creation of other environmental and social problems, which in turn undermines the fundamental goals of stability and sustainability. Civil society needs to be given greater space in the policy and framing processes in order to have a more balanced policy approach to environmental reform in a more equitable way.

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Natural Sciences and Social Sciences

Where Do the Twain Meet?

C. S. A. (Kris) van Koppen

development as well as philosophical debates on knowledge, science, and society. To illustrate the central problem that he aims to overcome, Jetzkowitz makes an interesting comparison between deep ecology and ecological modernization as contrasting views on

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Is Risk a Drive for Change? Pollution and Risk Displacement in 1970s to 1980s Hong Kong

Lam Yee Man

sense of impending doom in the 1970s, it was not until the 1980s and 1990s that Hong Kong began to feel the same way. While ecological modernization started to emerge in the 1980s in many developed countries, it was not until 2002 that Hong Kong was said

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Ideology Critique for the Environmental Social Sciences: What Reproduces the Treadmill of Production?

Ryan Gunderson

most coherent and systematic forms of ideology. Neo-Marxist and related critiques of ecological modernization theory are good examples of ideology critique strategies employed to assess environmental social scientific theory (e.g., York and Rosa 2003

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Artificial Intelligence

Faith in Machine or Man?

Jan Martijn Meij

justice have been a concern of environmental sociologists, with two examples being The Silicon Valley of Dreams ( Pellow and Park 2002 ) and Challenging the Chip ( Smith et al. 2006 ). On the other hand, proponents of ecological modernization argue

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Climate Cosmopolitics and the Possibilities for Urban Planning

Donna Houston, Diana McCallum, Wendy Steele, and Jason Byrne

Wendy Steele . 2009 . “ Climate Change and Australian Urban Resilience: The Limits of Ecological Modernization as an Adaptive Strategy .” In Planning for Climate Change: Strategies for Mitigation and Adaptation for Spatial Planners , ed. Simin

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Success—Collapse—Resilience

The Story of Homo Resiliens in Film Documentaries on the Anthropocene

Florentine Schoog

” strategies. References Adua , Lazarus , Richard York , and Beth-Anne Schuelke-Leech . 2016 . “ The Human Dimensions of Climate Change: A Micro-Level Assessment of Views from the Ecological Modernization, Political Economy and Human Ecology