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A Malady of the Left and an Ethics of Communism

Badiouian Diagnosis, Lacanian Cure, Sartrean Responsibility

Andrey Gordienko

impotence expressed in the affect of depression.’ 4 Courage is needed to sustain subjective discernment of and commitment to the ‘communist invariants’ (e.g. egalitarianism, refusal of private property, free association, polymorphous work, repudiation of

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The Nothingness of Equality: The 'Sartrean Existentialism' of Jacques Rancière

Devin Zane Shaw

In this essay, I propose a mutually constructive reading of the work of Jacques Rancière and Jean-Paul Sartre. On the one hand, I argue that Rancière's egalitarian political thought owes several important conceptual debts to Sartre's Being and Nothingness, especially in his use of the concepts of freedom, contingency and facticity. These concepts play a dual role in Rancière's thought. First, he appropriates them to show how the formation of subjectivity through freedom is a dynamic that introduces new ways of speaking, being and doing, instead of being a mode of assuming an established identity. Second, Rancière uses these concepts to demonstrate the contingency of any situation or social order, a contingency that is the possibility of egalitarian praxis. On the other hand, I also argue that reading Sartre with Rancière makes possible the reconstruction of Sartre's project within the horizon of freedom and equality rather than that of authenticity.

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Religions, genre, et politiques laïques en France, XIXE-XXE siècles

Florence Rochefort

In the French polemics over the Islamic headscarf, the relationship betweensecularism and sexual equality has sometimes been made out to be an artificialone. The articulation between politics, religion, secularism, and women'srights is examined here over the longue durée. Since the beginning of the secularizationprocess during the French Revolution, a minority has championedan egalitarian conception of secularization. Rivalries between or convergencesof political and religious authorities have driven an ambivalent and not veryequal secularization, creating secular pacts that rely on gender pacts to thedetriment of equality. This dynamic reversed itself beginning in the 1960swith the battle for legal contraception and abortion, which shook one of thevery bases of French Catholicism to its foundation. The headscarf affairsrevealed the egalitarian effects of secularism and favored the elaboration ofthought about secularism in conjunction with sexual equality, which, whateverthe various interpretations of that thought may be, could prove to be anon-negligible benefit.

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Outrageous Flirtation, Repressed Flirtation, and the Gallic Singularity

Alexis de Tocqueville's Comparative Views on Women and Marriage in France and the United States

Jean Elisabeth Pedersen

equal but alike.” 23 Criticizing these excessively egalitarian opponents, whom he identified in his manuscript notes for the volume as “Saint Simonians and others” who espoused “the doctrine of the so-called emancipation of women,” 24 gave Tocqueville

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Sartre, Camus and a Marxism for the 21st Century

David Schweikart

are less good, and which Hitler made into doctrine. 31 These are serious charges—and they are, for the most part, true — although, as we shall see, less true now than when Camus was writing, during those relatively egalitarian postwar years dubbed as

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Searching for What Is Already Found

Ivan Jablonka and the Life of a Nobody

Melanie Hawthorne

lives of others as an exercise in empathy and therefore, ultimately, a form of community-building that stresses egalitarian themes (“this could happen to you”) rather than hierarchy (“copy the behavior of your betters”). We can trace this turn to the

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Selective Empathy

Workers, Colonial Subjects, and the Affective Politics of French Romantic Socialism

Naomi J. Andrews

socialism thus espoused inclusive and egalitarian views while they simultaneously partitioned members of the human community into organically ordered groups, a hallmark of romanticism more generally. Although their focus on the working classes sensitized

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Could Sartre have been a Free Market Capitalist?

Matthew Eshleman

for universal freedom contradict Irwin’s moral nihilism, it does not easily fit with Irwin’s non-egalitarian, first come, first to accumulate economic libertarianism. Irwin’s account of authenticity merely requires an affirmation of individual freedom

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The Origins of the Stanley Hoffmann We Knew

Some Comparisons on his Vichy Years with My Family Story

Peter Gourevitch

Republican side, advocating its values. Teachers certainly absorbed French attitudes toward metèques, juifs , foreigners, but they also absorbed the egalitarian ideals of the Revolution, the carrière ouverte aux talents , to become French by mastering its

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The Rhizomatic Algerian Revolution in Three Twenty-First- Century Transnational Documentaries

Algérie tours, détours (2006), La Chine est encore loin (2009), Fidaï (2012)

Nicole Beth Wallenbrock

generations and events, we can assume that the directors sought to promote a horizontal, egalitarian, noncolonial approach to traversing time and space. Nevertheless, the very existence of films about Algeria that are screened for Europeans re