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Pentecostalism and Egalitarianism in Melanesia

A Reconsideration of the Pentecostal Gender Paradox

Annelin Eriksen

societies have often been understood and discussed as almost the prototypical egalitarian society (see, e.g., Lepowsky 1990 ). However, the understanding of what egalitarianism is has often been based on ideas of economic distribution or political systems

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Culture Constraints of High-Speed Rail in the United States

A Perspective from American Exceptionalism

Zhenhua Chen

The development of high-speed rail (HSR) infrastructure in the United States faces a great challenge given concerns of economic viability and political complexity. However, an in-depth investigation reveals that some of these challenges and complexities regarding high-speed rail mobility can be elucidated by historical and cultural characteristics that affect daily behavior, lifestyle, and public attitudes in U.S. society. This essay discusses the debate on the U.S. high-speed rail development policy from the perspective of American exceptionalism. Through an exploration of the four traits of American exceptionalism, the essay argues that the stagnation of U.S. federal high-speed rail initiatives can be explained by U.S. cultural constraints: individualism, antistatism, populism, and egalitarianism. Unless more solid evidence is provided to convince the public about the benefits of HSR mobility, the HSR debate is likely to continue in the United States.

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Racing Mobility, Excavating Modernity

A Comment

Cotten Seiler

literary studies, sociology, and the history of technology, these essays illustrate the versatility of the mobility optic as well as its massive potential for the formation of new knowledge and the effecting of egalitarian policy. The scholars here make the

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The Ethics of Collective Sponsorship

Virtuous Action and Obligation in Contemporary Tibet

Jane Caple

an egalitarian sense, since it provided an opportunity for many (rather than few) to engage in virtuous action and thus accumulate merit. However, he also saw donation as a practice rooted in its immediate social context: while some villagers and

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Discipline and Publish?

Transfers as Interdisciplinary Site

Cotten Seiler

, sustained, and throttled in different historical moments. American studies’ objects of inquiry, methods, and ethos mark it as oriented toward national and global transformation in an egalitarian, democratic direction, an orientation it shares with most

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Book Reviews

Mariske Westendorp, Bruno Reinhardt, Reinaldo L. Román, Jon Bialecki, Alexander Agadjanian, Karen Lauterbach, Juan Javier Rivera Andía, Kate Yanina DeConinck, Jack Hunter, Ioannis Kyriakakis, Magdalena Crăciun, Roger Canals, Cristina Rocha, Khyati Tripathi, Dafne Accoroni, and George Wu Bayuga

’—a concept that meant humanitarian progress, equality, egalitarianism, brotherhood, and harmony” (p. 5). In contrast, Daggett's (2017: xvi) biography of Rey aims “to look past the messages of the departed” to highlight the social and political troubles

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Ritual Tattooing and the Creation of New Buddhist Identities

An Inquiry into the Initiation Process in a Burmese Organization of Exorcists

Bénédicte Brac de la Perrière

egalitarian ethos. Most are dressed in the brown clothes of the yawgi (P. yogi ) that are associated with lay practitioners of Buddhist asceticism. At the entrance, where religious products and medicine of the congregation are sold, a stall ( fig. 1 ) is

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Around Joan Wallach Scott’s Sex and Secularism

Kim Knibbe, Brenda Bartelink, Jelle Wiering, Karin B. Neutel, Marian Burchardt, and Joan Wallach Scott

-determination” (ibid.). A consequence is that African Pentecostal women and men are not seen as emancipated and egalitarian and thus can never become fully and equally accepted as belonging to society. Unraveling the particularity of the intersections between

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Book Reviews

Michael K. Bess, David Lipset, Kudzai Matereke, Stève Bernardin, Katharine Bartsch, Harry Oosterhuis, Samuel Müller, Frank Schipper, Benjamin D’Harlingue, and Katherine Roeder

ethnic groups. Cycling is not egalitarian by definition: gentrification, which engenders rising costs of living in urban centers, pushes the unprivileged to the outskirts, where cycling facilities are often far from optimal. For them, commuting distances

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Target Practice

The Algorithmics and Biopolitics of Race in Emerging Smart Border Practices and Technologies

Tamara Vukov

technologies are presented as affording cleaner, more mediated and rational practices of bordering, and enforcement at a distance. 8 Biometric technologies have been promoted as ushering in a new postracial era of more egalitarian, objective border policing. 9