associates but also the vegetation and geophysical environment within which it lived, refuged, bred, and hunted. The goal of this entomological, zoological, and botanic inquiry was to provide a “scientific basis” for its control. 15 These researchers were
Organic Vehicles and Passengers
The Tsetse Fly as Transient Analytical Workspace
Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga
Constellations of Mobility and the Politics of Environment
Preliminary Considerations of the Shipbreaking Industry in Bangladesh
Although shipbreaking—the taking apart of a ship—signals the end of the useful maritime life of a vessel, the process is also the beginning of the recycling and reuse of the ship's constituent parts and materials. The process, while economically and materially useful, is also fraught with hazard, to both the environment and the laborers who undertake the breaking down of the ship. This essay examines that process in Bangladesh, one of the most significant sites for global shipbreaking. Mobility is a central theme of this examination, as the concept connects numerous aspects of the study: the shipping industry, the impact of shipbreaking on the environment; international maritime policy; and local and international responses to the industry. The essay explores the interactions that arise out of the shipbreaking industry's mobility and material and the subsequent impact on the environment and people of southern Bangladesh.
The Ecology of Class
Revolution, Weaponized Nature, and the Making of Campesino Consciousness
Christopher R. Boyer
Mexican villagers endured three decades of dispossession during the late nineteenth-century dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz (1876–1880, 1884–1911). The transfer of most lands held by communities known as pueblos led many rural people to join the Mexican revolution of 1910–1917, and it helped to structure the postrevolutionary politics. Using E. P. Thompson's concept of “community,” this article suggests that villagers' sense of solidarity formed by their shared lives within the pueblos, and leavened by collective experiences during the Díaz dictatorship and revolution, helped them to forge a new identity as campesinos with an inherent right to land reform during the postrevolutionary era. A core component of campesino identity was opposition to hacienda owners. This opposition set up a struggle over land during the 1920s and 1930s that led some landowners to “weaponize nature” by destroying natural resources such as forests rather than turning it over to villagers through the land reform.
The Geopolitics of Environmental Education
An Analysis of School Textbooks in the MENA Region
Tobias Ide, Abdulkhaleq Alwan, Khalil Bader, Noureddine Dougui, Maysoun Husseini, Elarbi Imad, Farouk Gaafar Abdel Hakim Marzouk, Amany M. Taha Moustafa, and Riem Spielhaus
This article analyzes the geopolitical imaginations promoted via environmental education in the school textbooks of five states in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. In doing so, it builds bridges between critical studies of education and political ecology. It shows that, when addressing environmental problems, the textbooks examined depoliticize environmental problems and sustain political and economic power structures. They do so by individualizing responsibility for environmental problems, legitimizing political and economic elites, associating environmental protection with wider societal goals, and externalizing environmental problems.
This thought piece reflects on the workings of modern migration through the prism of metabolism. It contends that the metabolic idiom productively underscores how migration as a process is enabled and evoked by particular flows of materials and energy and how the movement of migrants engenders social and environmental transformations.
Objects of Dispute
Planning, Discourse, and State Power in Post-War France
Year 2000. Not only did this material articulate the planners’ wishful thinking, or what Sylvia Ostrowetsky terms “l’imaginaire bâtisseur,” 5 but it signaled the extent to which spatial planning was a discursive project, and how the environments it
Pointing Fingers at the Media?
Coverage of the 2017 Bundestag Election
Alexander Beyer and Steven Weldon
, Einwanderung , and Asyl (refugee, immigration, and asylum) clearly indicating a focus on immigration, while Umwelt, Elektromobilität , and erneuerbare Energie (environment, electromobility, and renewable energy) capture environmental concerns. This method
The Enduring Effect of Immigration Attitudes on Vote Choice
Evidence from the 2021 German Federal Election
Hannah M. Alarian
.g., Fridays for Future). In other words, immigration may be relevant in understanding German electoral behavior only when it is predominant. The political environment of the 2021 Bundestag elections thus provides a critical test of immigration's endurance in
From “De Facto King” to Peasants’ Communes
A Struggle for Representation in the Discourse of the Polish Great Emigration, 1832–1846/48
aristocrats, or Hôtel Lambert, named after the actual property in Paris bought by Czartoryski in 1843. It is worth mentioning that Czartoryski's environment was not internally uniform and it consisted of diverse editorial boards and loosely structured groups
Using Popular Culture to Trace and Assess Political Change
economy. Finally, the international environment has seen drastic changes in the last years: While the election of u.s. President Joe Biden as successor to Donald Trump implies a return to normal for transatlantic relations, the uk exit from the eu