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Living Without God: Reply to Comments

Ronald Aronson

Not believing in God is, on the one hand, a very simple matter. As most Danes and Swedes know, it is increasingly possible to grow up in a wholly secular environment, where questions about sin, grace, and an afterlife never get posed, where well-being is taken for granted, where people feel protected and reassured not by churches but by societal institutions. But on the other hand, as Sartre said, “becoming an atheist is a long a difficult undertaking.” Becoming an atheist in a religious culture entails sorting through a series of profound issues. To think through what this means and how to live one’s entire life in a world without God requires addressing, as Sartre knew, life’s ultimate questions about “man and the universe.” It is, in short, one thing to live as if God does not exist, but quite another to provide secular answers to Kant’s three great philosophical questions: “What can I know?”, “What may I hope?”, “What should I do?” This is what my book, Living without God, sets out to do.

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From In-Itself to Practico-Inert

Freedom, Subjectivity and Progress

Kimberly S. Engels

-itself characterises human consciousness. It is ‘negative’ being in the sense that it can differentiate itself from its environment by understanding what it is not and then negatively construct a concept of what it is. Being for-itself can consciously make choices

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Sartre and Heidegger on Social Deformation and the Anthropocene

Paul Gyllenhammer

. 6 Human creativity in this sense is largely based on what is given in the surrounding environment. Obviously, present objects are altered in the production process, as honey is extracted from a bee hive and filtered for human consumption. Indeed

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Love and Violence

Sartre and the Ethics of Need

Katharine Wolfe

her own being that which was previously external to it, an activity that involves the transformation of the environment through labor and technological innovations oriented towards the production of the goods deemed necessary to meet her needs. So

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Sociality, Seriousness, and Cynicism

A Response to Ronald Santoni on Bad Faith

Jonathan Webber

environment is constituted as a situation, as a field of reasons, according to Sartre's phenomenology, only through the lens of projects. The shared project that explains how a shared environment is experienced as a common situation, according to Sartre, is

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Contemporary “Structures” of Racism

A Sartrean Contribution to Resisting Racial Injustice

Justin I. Fugo

social environment, or the field of human action in which individuals or groups organize themselves towards a particular end. This action toward ends is what Sartre calls praxis . As Joseph Catalano notes: “the practico-inert gives us the outline of our

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Accounting for Imaginary Presence

Husserl and Sartre on the Hyle of Pure Imagination

Di Huang

qualities that motivates the glide into the imaginary attitude. What motivates my apprehension of my environment as a place where my friend is absent and what motivates my imagination of her is above all my affective apprehension of this real environment as

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Sinophobia, American Imperialism, Disorder Without Responsibility

Shuchen Xiang

Republic of the Congo] it […] helped extend U.S. influence into central and southern Africa. Despite Mobutu's nationalist pretensions, he generally maintained a conducive environment for Western interests through his domestic and foreign policies.” 2 The

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Absential Locations and the Figureless Ground

Clare Mac Cumhaill

environment. For example, seeing a kitchen (the cue) activates visual templates of items predicted to be found there, such as a fridge. Such templates are then projected and ‘matched’ against incoming sensory input. Where a discrepancy occurs, a predictive

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Sartre’s Literary Phenomenology

Andrew Inkpin

no environment, it is independent’. 29 Consequently, if we think we are manipulating or varying an imagined object in consciousness – as Husserl’s free imaginative variation appears to require – what we are actually doing, on Sartre’s view, is