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Arthur Goldhammer

It is argued that the concept of “French studies” originally embodied in this journal was born of a unique constellation of social, cultural, and political forces characteristic of the middle years of the Cold War. The unity of the field defined by that moment was subsequently challenged by tensions inherent in the shift to a more transnational comparative perspective. A return to a ”reflective equilibrium” between the local and the global anchored in an emphasis on language and culture is advocated.

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Isabelle Petit

The EU has as its motto “United in Diversity.“ To what extent does reality reflect this federal ideal as inscribed in the European treaties? Although the Lisbon Treaty introduces reforms and legitimizes processes that reinforced the federal character of the European project, it remains difficult at this stage to define the EU as a social and political structure in which power rests on a fragile equilibrium between unity and diversity as well as on a struggle to maintain it. If unity has been reinforced through successive institutional reforms, there is still disequilibrium in favor of diversity.

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Stephen J. Silvia

This article investigates the progress that the eastern German economy has made since unification in two areas: unemployment and output. It finds that unemployment has remained persistently higher in eastern than in western Germany and output levels have remained extremely uniform across the eastern states. Keynesian and neoclassical economists have proposed differing explanations for the endurance of high unemployment in the East. The latter have the more convincing argument, which blames high initial wages in eastern Germany for producing a labor "trap," but this account is not without flaws. The best explanation for output uniformity is the content and volume of public investment in eastern Germany since unification. Public policy in the years immediately following unification is in large part responsible for both outcomes. Economic modeling indicates that wage subsidies targeted at low-income employment would be the most effective means to break the current high-unemployment equilibrium in eastern Germany, but the political barriers to adopting such a policy are just as formidable as they were a decade ago, when such a policy was briefly considered.

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Christopher E. Forth

Frenchmen who relocated to the “fountain of youth” (47) that was Algeria. Here too striking a balance between opposing qualities was essential to colonial regeneration. “Colonial life embodied the desired equilibrium between tradition and modernity, rural

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Tracey Heatherington

equilibrium across multiple dimensions of the universe and could precipitate a supernova of our own sun. This was a science fiction metaphor that referenced a slow-creeping ecological apocalypse, its impact manifesting subtly at first, but promising to become

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Gender Parity and Equality in the Sultanate of Oman

A Case in Education for the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Faryal Khan and Maricel Fernandez-Carag

numerical equilibrium as it requires conceptual equilibrium and a conscientious effort to redress inequality as it exists. Gender equality is considered as a development goal in its own right—and research has shown that it has instrumental value for the long

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Corporate Sustainability

An Academic Review

Varghese Joy

interdependent economic, societal, and environmental concerns at different levels ( Hahn et al. 2015 ). Rodrigo Lozano defined CS as “corporate activity seeking to achieve sustainability equilibrium, which consists of the economic, social and environmental

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Tobias Schulze-Cleven

-coordinated one, with Germany closely resembling the latter. Each ideal type was theorized as representing an institutional equilibrium that was grounded in strong positive economic externalities—so-called complementarities—across different realms of the economy

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Thomas Klikauer, Norman Simms, Marcus Colla, Nicolas Wittstock, Matthew Specter, Kate R. Stanton, John Bendix, and Bernd Schaefer

institutional adjustment that Germany continues to undergo, necessitating a paradigm shift. Reacting to equilibrium-based approaches to institutional political economy, Schulze-Cleven and Rothstein contend that switching one's perspective toward imbalances

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Jonathan Bach, Heather L. Dichter, Kirkland Alexander Fulk, Alexander Wochnik, Wilko Graf von Hardenberg, and Carol Hager

sciences “eliminated the numinous from nature and separated natural theology from geology” (92-93). The sublime, however, is in some form still part of contemporary geopoetics: the destabilization of “states of equilibrium” that “ushers new ones” claimed by